Treaty of Versile to Berlin

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Treaty of Versile to Berlin

1919 AD : Treaty of Versailles signed in
Paris.

1920 AD : League of Nations comes formally into existence ( Jan 1 3 ).

1924 AD : Death of Lenin.

1933 AD : Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.

1939 AD : World War II declared ( Sept 1 ).

1941 AD : Hitler invades Russia. The USA enters World War II ( June 22 ). Japan attacks Pearl Harbour ( Dec 7 ).

1942 AD : Battle of El Alamein.

1945 AD : Death of President E.D. Roosevelt of U.S.A ( Apr 12 ); End of World War II against Germany officially declared ( June 8 ); First Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima ( Japan ) ( Aug 6 ); Second Atom Bomb dropped on Nagasaki ( Japan ) ( Aug 9 ); United Nations comes into existence; The U.N. Charter comes into force ( Oct 24 ).

1948 AD : Burma achieves independence ( Jan 14 ); Ceylon achieves independence ( Feb 6 ); Jewish State of Israel formed in Palestine ( May 14 ); The General Assembly of the United Nations adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

1949 AD : Indonesia declared a Republic (
Aug 17 ).General Studies Question Bank CD

1952 AD : Accession of Queen Elizabeth II of England.

1953 AD : Death of Stalin ( Mar 6 ); First Conquest of Mt Everest by Tenjing Norge and Edmond Hillary.

1954 AD : USA signs Military Aid Pact with Pakistan.

1955 AD : Austria declared independent ( May 15 ).

1956 AD : Suez Canal nationalised by President Nasser ( July 20 ).

1957 AD : Russia launches the first artificial satellite “Sputnik” ( Oct 4 ).

1959 AD : Charles de Gaulle installed as France’s 17th President and the first President of the fifth Republic of France ( Jan 8 ).

1960 AD : France explodes an atom bomb device in the Sahara ( Africa ) ( Feb 13 ); John F. Kennedy elected President of the U.S.A. ( Nov 9 ).

1961 AD : Man’s first entry into space. USSR successfully launches her spaceship “VOSTOK – I” carrying for the first time a human being Major Yuri Gagarin into space ( Apr 12 ).

1962 AD : Nuclear Test – Ban Treaty between US – USSR signed ( Aug 5 ).

1963 AD : Malaysia, a new South – Asian State, formed ( Sept 16 ); President John F. Kennedy of USA shot dead ( Nov 22 ).

1964 AD : China explodes her first atom bomb device ( Oct 16 ).

1965 AD : Lyndon B. Johnson inaugurated as 36th President of USA ( Jan 20 ); Death of Sir Winston Churchill ( Jan 24 ); Singapore becomes sovereign independent nation ( Aug 9 ).

1966 AD : Tashkent Declaration between India and Pakistan signed ( Jan 10 ); Luna – 9, a Russian spacecraft, softlands on the moon ( Feb 24 ).

1967 AD : Gen. Suharto sworn in as President of Indonesia ( March 12 ); Arab – Israel War ( June 5 ); China conducts hydrogen bomb test ( June 17 ); The U.N. General Assembly approves Outer Space Treaty ( Dec 20 ).

1968 AD : UNCTAD – II opens in New Delhi on Feb 1; Martin Luther King, American black leader, assassinated ( April 4 ); The U.N. approves Nuclear Non – proliferation Treaty ( June 12 ); Five Warsaw Pact Powers ( East Germany, Poland, U.S.S.R. Bulgaria and Hungary ) invade Czechoslovakia ( Aug 21 ).

1969 AD : Richard Nixon becomes 37th President of U.S.A. ( Jan 20 ); Ayub Khan hands over power to Yahya Khan in Pakistan ( March 25 ); Armstrong and Aldrin land on the moon ( July 21 ).

1970 AD : China becomes fifth space power ( April 25 ); Russo – German Non – aggression Treaty ( Aug 8 ); Fiji achieves independence ( Oct 10 ).

1971 AD : Pakistan starts genocide in Bangladesh ( March 25 ); Apollo – 15 launched. Man’s first drive on the moon ( July 26 ); India and the Soviet Union sign 20 – year treaty of peace, friendship and co – operation ( Aug 9 ); U.N. expels Taiwan, replaces it with the People’s Republic of China ( Oct 26 ); Indo – Pak War ( Dec 3 – 17 ). Pakistan thoroughly defeated and Bangladesh becomes new nation.

1972 AD : Sheikh Mujibur Rehman released ( Jan 8 ) and assumes Prime Ministership of Bangladesh Republic ( Jan 12 ); Pioneer – 10 launched towards Jupiter ( March 3 ); Ceylon becomes Sri Lanka Republic ( May 22 ).General Studies Question Bank CD

1973 AD : Fourth Arab – Israel war breaks out ( Oct 6 ); Second ceasefire takes effect in West Asia ( Oct 24 ).

1974 AD : UN accords observer status to PLO ( Nov 24 ); Malta becomes a republic ( Dec 14 ).

1975 AD : China announces new Constitution ( Jan 19 ); Cambodian Government surrenders to Red forces ( April 17 ); South Vietnam surrenders to NLF and North Vietnam forces ( April 30 ); Suez Canal reopened ( June 5 ); Mozambique achieves independence ( June 25 ); Apollo and Soyuz dock in space ( July 17 ); U.S.A. launches Viking – I spaceship to look for life on Mars ( Aug. 20 ); Egypt and Israel sign Sinai pact ( Sept 4 ).

1976 AD : Death of Chou En – lai, Prime Minister of China ( Jan 8 ); Death of Mao Tse – tung ( Sept 9 ).

1977 AD : Jimmy Carter becomes the 39th President of the USA ( Jan 20 ); Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet Communist Party General Secretary, elected President of the Soviet Union ( June 16 ); Army take – over in Pakistan, Gen Mohammed Zia – ul – Haq, the army Chief, topples Bhutto in a bloodless coup ( July 5 ); USA and Panama reach agreement on control over Panama Canal ( Aug. 10 ).

1978 AD : Israel – Egypt peace conference ( Jan 17 ); Israel and Egypt reach accord at Camp David ( Sept 18 ).

1979 AD : Shah of Iran quits his country ( Jan 16 ); Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed President of Iran ( Feb 12 ); China invades Vietnam ( Feb 17 ); Z.A. Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan, executed ( April 4 ); Conservatives swept to power in Britain, Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Britain ( May 4 ); Russian troops enter Kabul ( Dec 27 ).

1980 AD : Rhodesia achieves independence and named Zimbabwe ( April 18 ); Undeclared war starts between Iraq and Iran ( Sept 22 ).

1981 AD : Ronald Reagan sworn in as the 40th President of the U.S.A. ( Jan 20 ); The USA launches space shuttle “Columbia” ( April 12 ); Nepal goes to the polls in its first general election in 22 years ( May 9 ); Iraqi nuclear reactor destroyed in Israeli attack ( June 8 ); President Sadat of Egypt assassinated ( Oct 6 ).

1981 AD : Lt. Gen H.M. Ershad, the Bangladesh army chief, seizes power in a bloodless coup ( March 24 ).

1982 AD : Canada’s new Constitution comes into force ( April 18 ); Argentina forces in Falklands surrender ( June 14 ).

1983 AD : Jayewardene takes over as Sri Lanka’s first elected President ( Feb 4 ); Democracy starts functioning in Thailand after 51 years of military domination ( April 25 ); South – Asian Regional Conference ( SAARC ) opens in New Delhi ( Aug 1 ); A.S. Korean Jumbo Jet Airlines Boeing 747, carrying 269 passengers, shot down by the Soviet Union for violating the Soviet airspace ( Sep 1 ).

1984 AD : Egypt resumes diplomatic relations with Soviet Union ( June 29 ); China and Britain sign agreement to return Hong Kong to Chinese control in 1997 ( Sept 26 ).

1985 AD : Pakistan’s first civilian government in eight years, headed by Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo, is sworn in ( April 11 ); More than 20,000 people die as volcano erupts in Colombia ( Nov 14 ).

1986 AD : The US Space Shuttle, Challenger, explodes 45 seconds after take – off ( Jan 28 ); More than 1800 people are killed in an earthquake in El Salvador.

1987 AD : India and Sri Lanka sign a historic peace accord to end the Tamil problem in Sri Lanka ( July 29 ); Fiji is declared a de facto republic ( Sept 29 ).

1988 AD : Pakistan and Afghanistan sign a US and USSR guaranteed accord to create conditions for Soviet troops withdrawal from Afghanistan ( April 14 ); 290 people are killed as USA downs Iranian plane ( July 3 ); President Zia – ul – Haq of Pakistan is killed in an air crash ( Aug 17 ); Palestine State, with Jerusalem as its capital, declared ( Nov 15 ); Benazir Bhutto takes over as Prime Minister of Pakistan ( Dec 2 ).

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1989 AD : First China – USSR summit in three decades is held in Beijing, China ( May 15 ); Mikhail Gorbachov is elected first Executive President of USSR ( May 25 ); Poland holds first democratic Parliamentary elections in Eastern Europe in more than 40 years ( June 4 ) ; At least 3000 people are killed in firing by soldiers in Beijing, China ( June 5 ); Vietnam’s occupation of Cambodia formally ends ( Sept 26 ).

1990 AD : Nelson Mandela is released by the government of South Africa after 27 years in prison ( Feb 11 ); Namibia gets freedom ( Mar 22 ); North and South Yemen merge into a unified Republic of Yemen ( May 22 ); Inaugural session of G – 15 summit held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (June 1); Iraq invades Kuwait ( Aug 2 ); Asian Games open in Beijing, China ( Sept 22 ); East and West Germany unite ( Oct 3 ).

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