Biography of Madam Bhikaji CamaGeneral Knowledge »
Bhikaji Cama stood for swaraj and she fought for unity of Hindus and Muslims.
Madam Cama was born on 24th September 1861 to rich Parsi parents. Young Bhikaji received good English education, but from the beginning she was a rebel, and a nationalist.
Madam Bhikaji Cama had good flair to learn languages and became expert in arguing her country`s cause in different circles at a young age. She fought for the freedom of the country till the last in her own way, and helped many revolutionaries with money and materials.
Madame Bhikaji always believed that British had looted India, and practiced worst form of imperialism. She had thousand and one reasons to show how India was kept in abject poverty by the British to help them to become the most powerful country in the world of that period.
Bhikaji Cama always stood for swaraj or self-rule. She fought for unity of Hindus and Muslims. She continued financing revolutionaries in and out of India. British were not happy with her activities and there was a plan to finish her off. Madam Cama also fought for the cause of women.
Madam Bhikaji Cama published many books on Indian freedom struggle, which had writings against the British rule.
“This flag is of Indian Independence! Behold, it is born! It has been made sacred by the blood of young Indians who sacrificed their lives. I call upon you, gentlemen to rise and salute this flag of Indian Independence.
In the name of this flag, I appeal to lovers of freedom all over the world to support this flag.” Madam Cama, in Stuttgart, Germany, said these words. She also unfurled the first National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany).
Thousand representatives from several countries were attending. An Indian lady in a colorful sari was a rare phenomenon in those days and her magical appearance, brave and clear words made everybody think that she was a Maharani or at least a princess from a native state. The tricolor-flag Madam Cama unfurled had green, saffron, and red stripes.
Red represented strength, saffron victory, and green stood for boldness and enthusiasm. There were eight lotuses representing the eight provinces and flowers represented princely states. “Vande Mataram” in Devanagari adorned central saffron stripe, which meant “salutation to Mother India.”
The sun and the moon indicated Hindu and Muslim faiths. Veer Savarkar designed the flag with the help of other revolutionaries. After Stuttgart, Madam went to United States.
Madam Bhikaji Cama traveled a lot and informed Americans about Indians struggling for Independence.
Madam Bhikaji Cama told about British efforts to smother the voice of educated Indians who protested against tyranny and devastating policies of British who always showed themselves as “mother of parliamentary democracy” over the world.
Madam Cama was also called “Mother India`s first cultural representative to USA.” She made attempts to save Veer Savarkar from British officers. She always helped revolutionaries fighting for freedom struggle. She was rightly called the Lioness of India.