Biography of Manohar Joshi

General Knowledge »

Former Speaker Manohar Joshi Biography

Manohar Joshi, the talented man has left a remarkable legacy of his speaker ship.

In our parliamentary democracy, the office of the Speaker occupies a fundamental position. It has been said that while the members of Parliament correspond to the individual constituencies, the Speaker exemplifies the full authority of the House itself, of the office of the Speaker.

The Speaker typifies the dignity and power of the House and simultaneously defends the rights and privileges not only of the House as a whole but also of every member.

Indian Parliament has experienced an extragalactic nebula of eminent Speakers who have always upheld our great parliamentary traditions and left behind a great legacy for descendants, down its parliamentary history.

On 10 May 2002, Shri Manohar Joshi joined this memorable line of Presiding Officers when he was selected `nemine contradicente` to the elevated position of Speaker. He remained in office till 4 June 2004.

Shri Joshi said, recalling his long relationship with the Legislative fraternity: “I am not new to parliamentary culture. I had a long stint in the Maharashtra Legislature in various capacities, including the Leader of the Opposition.

The high traditions maintained by my predecessors from G. V. Mavalanker to G.M.C Balayogi and my long exposure to the Legislature in Maharashtra would guide me in upholding the traditions of this House and the dignity of this office.

The Speaker represents the authority of the House while enforcing the procedure and is the first servant of the House while addressing the concerns of the Members. My approach would be friendly and persuasive, rather than rigid and strict.
General Studies Question Bank CD

Therefore, I will make myself available to the Members at all times. It will also be my constant endeavour to protect the rights and privileges of the House and of its Hon. Members.”

This Indian Politician from the Shiv Sena party was born in a Deshstha Brahmin Family on 2nd December 1937. Shri Joshi is married to Smt. Anagha Manohar Joshi on May 14, 1964 and they have one son and two daughters. Manohar Joshi was educated in Mumbai.

This Bachelor of Law also holds a Master`s degree of Arts and is proficient in Marathi, Hindi, English and Sanskrit.

This multifaceted personality on the year 1976 was elected to the Legislative Council from the Shiv Sena and the journey of his political career took its start. After the election he holds the position of the Mayor of Mumbai City during 1976 to 1977.

In the year 1990 he was voted to the Legislative Assembly from a Shiv Sena ticket. In the years ahead after he became a member of the State Legislature, his close connection with the Mumbai city and his appreciation of various developmental issues helped him convincingly champion the cause of Mumbai.

When the SS-Bjp coalition beat the Congress in the State Elections, he became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Maharashtra. His promotion to the Lok Sabha happend when he won in the 1999 General Elections from Central Mumbai.

After the tragic death of Shri G.M.C Balayogi in a helicopter crash, the post of Speaker remained vacant for some time and Deputy Speaker Shri P.M Sayeed dispatched the duties of the Speaker.

In that juncture during the NDA administration, Manohar Joshi was unanimously elected for the post of the Speaker of Lok Sabha for the period of 2002-2004.

By the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition, the Deputy Speaker, and the Leaders of various Parties and Groups Shri Joshi was cordially congratulated on his election to the august office of the Speaker.

His long continuance and rich experience of nearly four decades in public life in the Maharashtra Legislature accommodating various positions would guide him in running the House smoothly, orderly, unbiased manner and proved to be a remarkable Presiding Officer who upheld the dignity of the Office.

To parliamentary reforms, Shri Joshi exhibited a matchless approach. According to him besides leading to wastage of the precious time of the House, the recurrent enforced adjournments were tending to lower its dignity.

Thus he emphasized greatly on the need to take up more Starred Questions for oral answers in the House. By allowing members to raise only matters of embryonic national and international importance, he also alleviated a more purposeful `Zero Hour`.

As he emphasized that matters relating to members under Rule 377 could raise individual constituencies so that there could be a more positive and meaningful utilization of the `Zero Hour`.

Towards heightening the efficacy of the Committee System as a whole also managed to fetch Shri Joshi`s valued attention.

Like his preceders, Shri Joshi also put emphasis on the need to provide enhanced facilities, etc. to members of Parliament so that they can play an effective and meaningful role as people`s representatives. In March 2006, after being defeated in the last Lok Sabha election, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha for a six years term.
General Studies Question Bank CD

This versatile personality, Shri Manohar Joshi is a person with an enduring interest for different aspects of national development.

Therefore he took up assorted issues relating to labor, agriculture, industrial development, business, trade, housing, environment, employment, education and the promotion of Marathi language, literature and culture.

Shri Joshi, as a productive businessman of long standing, had been Chairman and Managing Director, Proprietor, Partner of several organizations. He gives equal essentiality to industrial and agricultural sectors and therefore worked hard for the procession of both.

He is the proprietor of the Kohinoor chain, comprising of technical schools, hotels, construction, real estate to name just a few. He instituted the Jagatik Marathi Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

As an educationist, he established `Kohinoor Technical Institute`, in order to bestows technical education to youth. The `Kamadhenu Policy` for women, `Matoshri Vrudhashram Scheme` for the aged and `Sainik Schools` for the youth was launched during his tenure as Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

He also authored a book `Swachh Mumbai; Harit Mumbai` in his credit in Marathi focusing on the problems relating to environment and `Clean Mumbai Movement`.

He set up a `Kala Academy` in Mumbai as part of an active cultural and literary involvement. He also instituted `Maharashtra Bhusan Award` and coordinated a graceful `Akhil Bharatiya Sahitya Sammelan` at Shivaji Park, Mumbai during his tenure as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

Shri Joshi`s skillfulness and political insightfulness was used many a time in various international assemblies. He never missed a chance to underline the value of promoting inter-parliamentary allegiance as a great adherent of peace and abidance.

He led Indian Parliamentary Delegations to Geneva to the Special Session of the Inter-Parliamentary Council, Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference in Dhaka and also to China, Croatia, Iran, Panama, Poland, Russia and Zambia as the Speaker of Lok Sabha. During this period, Parliamentary Delegations from Mexico, Surinam, Canada, Turkey, Greece, Lao PDR, Czech Republic, Ukraine and Indonesia, etc. intercommunicated our Parliament and commuted views with Speaker Shri Joshi and members of Parliament.