Biography of MayawatiGeneral Knowledge »
Mayawati Naina Kumari, president of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), is an Indian politician, and the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Mayawati Kumari, is considered to be an emblem for millions of India’s Dalits, or “untouchables” as she is the first Dalit Women chief minister of any Indian states.
In the Uttar Pradesh Elections, 2007, she is widely comprehended as the architect of the sensational BSP victory. With support from the Bharatiya Janata Party, briefly during 1995 and 1997, and from 2002 to 2003, Mayawati Kumari had been the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for three times.
On 15th January 1956, Mayawati was born to Prabhu Das, a clerk in the Telecommunications department in Delhi, and mother Ram Rathi. Mayawati Kumari did her graduation from Kalindi College in Delhi. With a hope to become a district magistrate, she further studied law at the University of Delhi.
Mayawati Kumari also holds a Bachelor of Education degree, and worked as a teacher in Delhi before starting up her political career in 1984. In the year 1977, Mayawati Kumari met Kanshi Ram and she gradually came under his patronage. After that when Kashi Ram founded the BSP in 1984, Mayawati Kumari became a part of his core team.
To represent the Dalits, when Kanshi Ram founded the BSP as a party in 1984, Mayawati became one of the cardinal people in the new organization. Kanshi Ram as his successor in the year 2001, named her. With her ablaze and assertive language, Mayawati Kumari was widely known and esteemed.
Mayawati Kumari shows extreme antipathy towards media as to her media is ruled by the upper castes (manuvadi). Mayawati has reached her political success with the grassroots, not through the media and is the reason why Mayawati Kumari is also being called as the “the ultimate outsider”.
After the formation of BSP, mayawati was entrusted immediately for its first election campaign from the Kairana Lok Sabha seat in the Muzaffarnagar district in 1984. Mayawati Kumari was again picked out for the Lok Sabha seats of Bijnor in 1985 and Haridwar in 1989.
In spite of the fact that they did not win, the electoral experience led to significant foundation over the next five years. At that time Mayawati Kumari was working with Mahsood Ahmed and other organizers. And in the1989 election, the party won 9% of the popular vote, and 13 Seats, and 11 in the year 1991.
From Bijnor in the year 1989, Mayawati first won for the Lok Sabha elections. In 1995, Mayawati Kumari became a Chief Minister in a short – lived coalition government during her membership of the Rajya Sabha. By winning from two constituencies in 1996, Mayawati Kumari affirmed her position.
In the year 1997, she was again made Chief minister for a short period. And in 2002 – 2003, for a pretty longer term in alignment with the Bharatiya Janata Party, Mayawati was made the Chief minister. In 2003, Mayawati was charged of corruption by the opposition, Samajwadi Party during one of her tenures as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
In her tenures as Chief Minister, Mayawati has constructed a number of monuments to Dalit heroes like Bhimrao Ambedkar, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj, Gautam Buddha and others.
Under the leadership of Mayawati, BSP won 205 seats out of 408 in the Uttar Pradesh state elections of 2007. BSP won an absolute majority in contrary to all the poll predictions and such majority for the first time took place since 1991.
The authorization of UP in 2007 elections opposed to the backdrop of coalition politics that underwent by many states of India and thus set the new era to form the government by the single largest party, BSP.
The most important feature of the BSP victory is that Mayawati, however managed to fetch support from across India’s complex caste spectrum.
For the first time Brahmins, Thakurs, Muslims and OBCs voted for a Dalit party as because BSP had proffered seats to people from these communities. As usual, this was companioned by a colourful slogan : Haathi Nahin, Ganesh hain, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh Hain : The elephant (BSP Logo) is really the wise Ganesh, the trinity of gods rolled into one.
For the fourth time on 13 May, 2007, Mayawati was sworn in as chief minister of UP. Mayawati Kumari announced agendum focusing on social justice through laws. Mayawati Kumari also announced other means for weaker sections of the society, asurrance of providing employment instead of distributing money to the unemployed.
Mayawati Kumari is striving to make Uttar Pradesh into an “Uttam (excellent) Pradesh”. B.B. Singh, Vice – President (LDA), and S.K. Aggarwal (PWD Principle Sec.), two IAS officers were suspended by her as her first action for non – performance to maintain the Ambedkar Park in Lucknow.
Also one other lower rank officer is included. Around 100 police officers were transferred on her order. Since drawing in the votes of upper castes, Mayawati Kumari now wants to launch a policy for poverty – based reservations rather than caste – based reservations.