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Indian Military Officer Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam
General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam PV, DSO, MBE ( July 1, 1913 – March 13, 2000 ) was the 7th Chief of Staff of the Indian Army in the period (1967–1970). He was the last of the King’s Commissioned Indian Officers trained at Sandhurst in the Indian Army.
Early Life and Education
P.P. Kumaramangalam was born to the Former Chief Minister of Madras Presidency Dr. P. Subbarayan in the zamindari family of Kumaramangalam in Tamil Nadu. He had his early education at Eton College and graduated from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich in England.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery in 1933. He was the second Indian Officer to be commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery, and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1935.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Military Life
World War II
During World War II, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) as a Major for action in Libya on 27 May 1942. He was taken Prisoner of War (PoW) in Italy in 1942. He escaped; however he was captured again and imprisoned, this time in Germany, where he was transferred to Stalag Luft III a high security camp for PoWs.
At the end of the war in 1945, he returned to India. In 1946, he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire. Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam became a Brigadier in 1948.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Positions Held
General Kumaramangalam took over as General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command in May 1963. In Nov 1964 he was appointed Deputy Chief of the Army Staff and on 15 January 1965 he became Vice Chief of the Army Staff. General Kumaramangalam took over as the Chief of the Army Staff on 8 June 1966, the first Indian gunner officer and a paratrooper to reach this coveted appointment.
The tenure of General Kumaramangalam as Chief of the Army Staff was marked by an unpublicised but exhaustive re-organisation of the service, up-gradation of weapons, training and tactics based on the lessons learned from the 1965 War. He served in the Indian Army with distinction for 36 years until his retirement on 7 June 1969. He received the Padma Vibushan in 1970.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam was also a polo player, horseman, show jumper, and cricketer. He was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club, a fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society, and president of Indian Polo Association and Equestrian Federation of India. On retirement as army chief, he was elected President of the World Wildlife Fund – India ( WWF-India ) during its formative stages.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Family
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam brother was the renowned politician Mohan Kumaramangalam.
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Death
Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam died following a heart attack on 13 March 2000.