Biography of Pawan Kumar Chamling

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Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling Biography

General Studies Question Bank CD Current Chief Minister of Sikkim, Pawan Kumar Chamling is considered to be the visionary of Todays Sikkim.

At the 50th National Development Council Meeting on 21st December 2002, held at New Delhi, Sikkim Chief Minister addressed the Prime Minister of India : Within the broad parameters of planning and development also, we want to increasingly diversify the agencies involved, avenues of resources, delivery mechanisms and inject institutional responsibilities and individual accountability.

These are the core elements and dynamic forces in the 10th Plan document of Sikkim. All these very well match with the “Dimensions and Strategies”, “Sectoral Policies and Programmes” and “Trends, Concerns and Strategies of the State Plans”, as incorporated and eloquently discussed in the national 10th Plan document.” – this actually echoes the undaunted spirit of Pawan Kumar Chamling, the current Chief Minister of Sikkim.

He promises to usher “landmark developments” into this tiny Himalayan State after being settled his sights for a third term in office. The campaign trail of his Sikkim Democratic Front [SDF] resounds a “feel proud factor” – a coinage very much his own.

He is the fifth Chief Minister of the Indian State Sikkim. His party SDF has governed the state for three times since 1994, 1999 and 2004. In the political journey of Pawan Chamling, the fundamental focus roams around on how a good governance can be achieved and how the living contact between the representatives and the people can augment the social scenario.

For that, a time – bound monitoring was issued, which ensures that promises made are promises fulfilled. His journey also centers on the need for a formative opposition as an essential requirement of democracy and good governance.

On 22nd September 1950, Chamling was born to Aashbahadur Chamling and Aasharani Chamling in South Sikkim. Like his forefathers, he still considers himself basically a farmer. Even today his family is primarily engaged in agricultural activities.

Chamling himself was a successful government contractor, at a certain point of time. He built a number of roads, bridges, buildings and irrigation canals and served as a first – class contractor. Being a contractor, he aquired adequate ideas about the practical issues that are involved in the grassroots development activities.

This man from Yangang set himself as the most unusual politician in the country and the followers of him called him as their “ideological guru”.

While talking about his school days, Chamling said, “I was fortunate that I could at least go to school and learn. Even today children are engaged in different productive activities owing to acute poverty from a very early age. Or else, they are required to look after their younger siblings while parents go to tend the field”.

Today the attitude has largely changed and the parents at least want to keep their sons away from this assignment. Due to backwardness and lack of options, many parents in rural Sikkim still do not encourage girl children to attend school.

Ever since my childhood, I have witnessed this rural backwardness around me coupled with inaccessibility to education.” His school days started quite late.
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His formal education came to an end after matriculation. He became proficient in sports, cultural, and literary activities in addition to academics. His great interest in football and volleyball led him to represent his school many a time in inter – school and inter – district tournaments. As for literary activities, drama was one of his intimate literary genres.

Chamling’s leadership quality came into prominence from his school days as he was every time elected to head the locally designed, democratically run organization within the premises of the High School.

Pawan Chamling was tardily but steadily developing into a leader par excellence quality in school activities that are performed more in the spirit of team work.

From Pune’s Cooperatives Institute, he has completed a Diploma in Cooperatives and in the year 1976, he set up a ‘Multi – Purpose Cooperative Society’  at Yangang.

The new era in Sikkim was introduced with the Cooperatives Movements in which Chamling was actively involved into. For a long time, he held the post of secretary and president of the society.

He also played around in politics during those days, through contract works and the panchayat. In literary and cultural activities he remained equally active.

He established Nirman Prakashan in 1977, and began the publication of Nirman, a monthly literary magazine. During the 70s, he actually matured as a leader and therefore this phase is considered to be the most innovative phase of his life.

By 1973, the Jana Kranti or the “People’s Revolution” was accumulating impulse and had reached its peak. The youth and intellectuals in demand of more rights, participation and representation of the people in the governing process, were on the streets of Sikkim.

At that time, the major political force was of course the Sikkim State Congress. Pawan Chamling, at the age of 23 had already acquired his political soul.. Way back in 1977, Pawan Chamling’s political journey, begun as he was the founder member and Vice – President of the Sikkim Prajatantra Congress in the state.

The core political philosophy were guided by his extreme love for and understanding of the rural masses and the working people. From creative ideas and political experiences, his political philosophy took shape.

Chamling rise quickly as an MLA and became the cabinet minister in Charge of Information and Public Relations and Industries. Sikkim saw the real introduction of planned development in the year 1975.

That excited more Pawan Chamling than anyone. With this development, Chamling had been started dreaming about economic progress of Sikkim. He specially emphased on development of the rural areas of Sikkim.

His obsession with planning and planned development over the years, became the keying mark of his visionary leadership.

On March 4, 1993, the Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) was founded by Pawan Chamling with a clear and open loyalty to preserve democracy, justice, and development aspirations of the people.

The new party was registered to change the very social and political life of Sikkim and Chamling was unanimously elected as the President. 12th December 1994 was considered as the day of destiny for Pawan Chamling.

For the Sikkim Democratic Front and the people of Sikkim it was also the day of destiny as earlier, in November, elections to Sikkim Vidhan Sabha had been held.

Pawan Chamling and his party won a massive authorization from the people. By winning 19 out of 32 seats, the Sikkim Democratic Front of Chamling swept the poll. Chamling again in a convincing manner, won from Damthang and retained his orthodox seat.

SDF formed the government in December. The inciter opposition leader Chamling was made Chief Minister by the people of Sikkim.

Pawan Chamling is also a poet of the masses. From his work, it can be clearly understood that for Chamling, art is not merely for art’s sake. Art in all its forms should be for the improvement of life itself to him.

Several books has been published by him. Some of them are : ‘Antahin Sapana Mero Bipana’, ‘Perennial Dream and my Reality, Damthang Heeja Ra Aajah’, ‘Sikkim Ra Narikoh Maryadhyaa’, ‘Democracy Redeemed’, ‘Meroh Sapana Koh Sikkim’ etc.

The awards which are conferred to him are : Chintan Puraskar – 1987, Bharat Shiromani – 1996, Man of the Year – 1998, The Greenest Chief Minister of India – 1998 and Man of Dedication – 1999.