Can be ordered by President to consider a particular bill in case :
- A bill passed by one house is rejected by other.
- The amendments made by the other house are not acceptable to the house where the bill originated.
- In case, a bill remains pending un-passed for more than 6 months.
Joint session is presided over by the Speaker of Lok Sabha or in his absence by the Deputy Speaker, or in his absence by the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or in his absence any other member of the Parliament who is agreed upon by the Houses.
If the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the President notifies a joint sitting, the Bill lapses and no joint sitting is possible.
However, if the President has notified his intention to summon the Houses for joint sitting and then the Lok Sabha is dissolved, the joint sitting takes place not withstanding the dissolution of the House.
The deadlock over a Bill is resolved by a majority of the total number of the members of both the Houses present and voting.
Since the Lok Sabha has larger membership, its will prevails.
No fresh amendment can be done in Joint session.
Sessions of Parliament
The Parliament generally meets in three sessions in a year. These are:
- Budget Session: In Feb – May, longest.
- Monsoon Session: Jul – Aug
- Winter Session: Nov – Dec, shortest.
Prorogation of House
Means ending the session.
Pending bills/business does not lapse; they are taken in the next session.
Dissolution of House
Only of Lok Sabha.
- By President on advice of PM.
- Bills pending in Rajya Sabha, passed by Lok Sabha also lapses unless President call a joint sitting of the 2 houses.
- Bills pending in Rajya Sabha, not passed by Lok Sabha don’t lapse.
Conduct of Business in Parliament
- Ordinary Bills: All bills, except money bills, are introduced in either house. [Speaker of Lok Sabha decides whether the bill is a money bill or not].
- Money Bills: It deals with the imposition or abolition of taxes, matters pertaining to borrowing of money by the Govt., custody & maintenance of consolidated funds, etc.
- It can originate only in Lok Sabha on the recommendation of the President. The Rajya Sabha can only delay it by 14 days. Its final authority lies with Lok Sabha only.
Parliament’s Control Over the Financial System
Article 265 states that no tax can be levied or collected except by authority of law.
The executive, therefore, cannot impose any tax without the sanction of the Parliament.
All the revenue and loans raised by the authority of law are paid into the Consolidated Fund of India.
Under Article 266 no money can be withdrawn or spent or appropriated from the Consolidated Fund of India without the sanction of the Parliament.
The Parliament, thus, controls the revenue expenditure and appropriation of Government of India.