Enactment of the ConstitutionGeneral Knowledge » Indian Polity »
The Drafting Committee prepared the draft of the Constitution, which came out in the open on Feb 4, 1948 (first reading) to elicit the public opinion and reaction to it.
The Assembly had a general discussion on it for five days.
The Constituent Assembly next met on Nov 15, 1948 when the provisions of the Draft were considered and discussed in detail (second reading).
During this stage, as many as 7,653 amendments were proposed and 2,473 were actually discussed in the Assembly.
The third reading of the draft started on Nov 14, 1949. It was finally passed and accepted on Nov 26, 1949.
The last session of the Assembly was held on Jan 24, 1950, which unanimously elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the President of India.
In all, 284 members of the Assembly signed the official copies of the Indian Constitution which came into effect on Jan 26, 1950, known and celebrated as the Republic Day of India.
The Constitution, adopted on Nov 26, 1949, contained a Preamble, 395 articles & 8 schedules (12 at present).
Constituent Assembly took 2 years – 11 months – 18 days to complete the constitution.
Although Constitution was ready on Nov 26, 1949 but was delayed till Jan 26, 1950 because in 1929 on this day Indian National Congress demanded ‘Poorna Swaraj’ in Lahore session under Jawaharlal Nehru.
[Some of the provisions as those related to citizenship, elections, provisional Parliament etc, were given immediate effect].
Constituent Assembly adopted our National Flag on July 22, 1947.
It was designed by Pingali Venkaiah of Andhra Pradesh.