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The New States Created After 1950
Created by the State of Andhra Pradesh Act, 1953 by carving out some areas from the State of Madras.
Gujarat and Maharashtra
The State of Bombay was divided into two States, i.e., Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganization) Act, 1960.
Created by the State Reorganization Act, 1956. It comprised Travancor and Cochin areas.
Created from the Princely State of Mysore by the State Reorganization Act, 1956. It was renamed Karnataka in 1973.
It was carved out from the State of Assam by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962.
It was carved out from the State of Punjab by the Punjab (Reorganization) Act, 1966.
The Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh was elevated to the status of State by the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970.
First carved out as a sub – State within the State of Assam by 23rd Constitutional Amendment, 1969. Later, in 1971, it received the status of a full – fledged State by the North – Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.
Manipur and Tripura
Both these States were elevated from the status of Union Territories by the North – Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.
Sikkim was first given the Status of Associate State by the 35th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1974; It got the status of a full State in 1975 by the 36th Amendment Act, 1975.
It was elevated to the status of a full State by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986.
It received the status of a full State by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986.
Goa was separated from the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu and was made a full – fledged State by the Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganization Act, 1987. But Daman and Diu remained as Union Territory.
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 2000.
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Uttar Pradesh on November 9, 2000.
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Bihar on November 15, 2000
Formed by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 by dividing Telangana on 2nd June, 2014.
The procedure followed is :
- A Bill giving effect to any or all the changes stated above can be introduced in either house of the Parliament, only on the recommendation of the President.
- If such a Bill affects the boundary or name of the State, then the President, before introducing it in the Parliament, shall refer the Bill to the State Legislature concerned for its opinion, fixing a time limit within which an opinion may be expressed by the State Legislature. The President may extend the time limit so specified.
- If the State Legislature fails to express an opinion within the stipulated time limit then it is deemed that it has expressed its views. If it submits its views within the period so specified or extended, the Parliament is not bound to accept or act upon the views of the State Legislature. Further, it is not necessary to make fresh reference to the State Legislature every time an amendment to the Bill is proposed and accepted.
- The Bill is passed with simple majority.
- However, in the case of Union Territories, it is not necessary to obtain the views of legislatures of Union Territories before a Bill affecting their boundaries or names is introduced.