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Impeachment of President of India : : President of India | President Powers in India | President Emergency Powers

Impeachment (Article 61)

  • Quasi-judicial procedure.
  • Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of Constitution.
  • The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament.
  • The charge must come in the form of a proposal which must be signed by at least one-fourth of the total membership of that House.
  • Before the resolution could be passed, a fourteen days notice must be given to the President.
  • If, after the notice, the House passes the resolution by a majority of not less than 2/3rd membership of that House, the matter will be referred to the other House.
  • After the charges are framed by one house, the other House investigates them.
  • At this time President has the right to defend himself either in person or through his lawyer.
  • If after the investigation, the other house passes the resolution by not less than 2/3rd majority of that House, the President stands impeached from his office from the date on which the motion is so passed.

Presidents of India :

Name Tenure
From To
Dr. Rajendra Prasad 26.01.1950 13.05.1962
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 13.05.1962 13.05.1967
Dr. Zakir Hussain 13.05.1967 03.05.1969
V.V. Giri (Vice-President) 03.05.1969 20.07.1969
Justice M. Hidayatullah 20.07.1969 24.08.1969
V.V. Giri 24.08.1969 24.08.1974
F. AIi Ahmed 24.08.1974 11.02.1977
B.D. Jatti 11.02.1977 25.07.1977
N. Sanjiva Reddy 25.07.1977 25.07.1982
Gaini Jail Singh 25.07.1982 25.07.1987
R. Venkataraman 25.07.1987 25.07.1992
Dr. S.D. Sharma 25.07.1992 25.07.1997
K.R. Narayanan 25.07.1997 25.07.2002
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 25.07.2002 25.07.2007
Mrs. Pratibha Patil 25.07.2007 25.07.2012
Pranab Kumar Mukherjee 25.07.2012 Till Date
# – Acting; * – First Chief Justice to be appointed President.

Vacancy :

  • In case the office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President acts as President.
  • If he is not available then Chief Justice, if not then senior-most judge of Supreme Court.
  • The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy.

Note:

  • Only once in the History of India, Justice M. Hidayatullah, Chief Justice of Supreme Court, discharged the duties of the President in 1969.
  • Justice Hidayatullah is the only person to perform the functions of the President two times in two different capacities, the first time in 1969 being the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the second time being the Vice-President of India in 1982.

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