State Legislature in India

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State Legislature in India :: Strength of State Legislatures | Legislative Assembly

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Can be

  • Unicameral – [One House]
  • Bicameral – [Two House]

Bicameral Status :

6 States:

  • Bihar – 75
  • J & K – 36
  • Karnataka – 75
  • Maharashtra – 78
  • Uttar Pradesh – 104
  • Andhra Pradesh – 90

Legislative Council can be created or abolished on the recommendation of Legislative Assembly.
Note :

The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice, headed by E.M. Sudarsana Natchippan, has recommended revival of the Legislative Council in Andhra Pradesh, 20 years after it was abolished in 1985.

Legislative Council [Vidhan Parishad]

Also known as Upper House. Like Rajya Sabha, it is also a permanent house (sort of) and cannot be dissolved.

Strength

The total strength cannot exceed 1/3rd of the strength of Legislative Assembly, subject to a minimum of 40 members.

The strength varies as per the population of state.

Creation and Abolition

As per Article 169, if the Legislative Assembly passes a resolution for abolishing or creating of the Legislative Council by a majority of the total membership of the assembly and by a majority of not less than two – third of the members present and voting, the Parliament may approve the resolution by a simple majority.

A resolution passed by the Legislative Assembly for the creation or abolition of its Council is not binding on the Parliament.

The Parliament may or may not approve such a situation.

Tenure

6 yrs term with l/3rd members retiring every two years.

Qualification

Same as that of Lok Sabha, except the age which is 30 yrs.

Election

One – third of the members are elected by local bodies, one – third by legislative assembly, one – twelfth by university graduates of at least 3 yrs standing, similar proportion by teachers (not less than secondary school) of at least 3 yrs standing & one – sixth nominated by the Governor from among those persons who distinguish themselves in literature, science or social service.
Chairman

The Council elects a Chairman & a Vice – chairman from amongst its members.

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