Biography of Mathematician Satyendranath Bose

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Biography of Mathematician – Satyendranath Bose

Satyendranath Bose was a noted Indian Mathematician, physicist whose contribution holds special place in the field of Indian Science

Satyendranath Bose was an Indian mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gas-like qualities of electromagnetic radiation.

Satyendranath Bose is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate.

Satyendranath Bose was born in Kolkata and was the eldest child to his parents. He was the son of Surendranath Bose. In his childhood Bose had attended the Hindu School and later he attended the Presidency College of Kolkata. Bose had remained a brilliant student all through his life and had excelled in every academic examination of his life.

During his lifetime he had come in contact with eminent teachers like Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Roy.

During the period 1916 to 1921 Bose had remained a lecturer in the department of Physics in the University of Calcutta. In the year 1921 he joined the Physics Department of the Dacca University.
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In the year 1924 Bose presented a seminal paper on quantum statistics. Initially his paper was not given much importance but when Einstein later realised the importance of his paper he submitted his paper to a prestigious authority and as a result Bose got the chance to leave India for the first time.

Bose returned to Dhaka in 1926 and was made the Head of the Department of Physics and continued teaching at the Dhaka University till 1945.

When partition of Bengal had become evident Bose had returned India and had started teaching in the University of Calcutta. He retired from his teaching in the year 1956.

The main contributions of Satyendranath Bose were his papers on statistical mechanics, the electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere, the theories of X-ray and many more.

During his lifetime Bose had met many eminent scientists like Marie Curie, Meghnad Saha and had worked in collaboration with them. Besides physics Bose had a lot of interest in many other fields like biochemistry and literature.

His interest in literature included studies both in English and Bengali. Bose had also carried deep studies in the field of chemistry, zoology, geology, anthropology, engineering and other sciences.

Satyendranath being Bengali in origin did a lot to promote the Bengali Language. He wanted to make Bengali a teaching language and had translated a lot of papers of science in Bengali.
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Bose was not just a scientist he had multiple talents. He could speak several languages and could very well play a musical instrument known by the name Esraj.

It is true that Styendranath Bose was never awarded the Nobel Prize in his life time but after his death his works have received world wide recognition.

But it should be noted at this juncture that during his lifetime Bose had been made the General President of Indian Science Congress and in 1958 he was made a fellow of the Royal Society.

Hence it can be concluded saying that Satyendranath Bose was an eminent scientist of India who had made notable contribution in the field of science throughout his life.