Human Endocrine System Gonads

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Human Endocrine System Gonads :: Human Endocrine System Glands

Both testes and ovaries, in addition to producing sperms and ova, also produce hormones.

Testes

  • Its interstitial cells (Leydig’s cells) secrete testosterone which is responsible for male secondary sexual characters (beard, body hair, deep voice, muscles, formation of sperms, sexual urge, etc).
  • Deficiency leads to sterility (eunuchoidism).

Ovaries

  • In females, the follicular cells and corpus luteum secretes the following hormones :
  • Follicular Cells produces Oestrogen which controls the female secondary sexual characters (Broadening of pelvis, development of breasts, growth of uterus and vagina, pubic hair, onset of menstrual cycle, etc).
  • Corpus luteum secretes Progesterone which is essential for the completion of each menstrual cycle. It controls the final changes in the uterine wall and brings about the attachment of embryo and causes development of breasts in the later months of pregnancy.
  • Corpus Luteum also secretes Relaxin at the end of gestation period, and helps in easy birth by relaxing the uterus and ligaments of the pelvic girdle.

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