World’s Super Scientists – Norman Borlaug

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Norman Ernest Borlaug truly Norman earnest Borlaug – Norman Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug born in the year 1914, an American agricultural scientist, humanitarian, Nobel laureate, father of the Green Revolution.

During his childhood, encouraging words of the grandfather of Borlaug “You’re wiser to fill your head now if you want to fill your belly later on.”

  • From 1935 to 1938 Borlaug worked for the United States Forestry Service.
  • 1940 received his Master of Science degree.
  • 1942 Ph.D. in plant pathology and genetics.
  • 1942-1944 microbiologist at Du Pont in Walmington, Delaware.
  • In 1964 Director, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research’s International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre CIMMYT.
  • Presently a professor at Texas A 8c M University, where he has taught and conducted researches since 1984.

Norman Borlaug is currently the Distinguished Professor of International Agriculture at the university and the holder of the Eugene Butler Endowed chair in Agricultural Biotechnology.

Norman Borlaug and George Harrar did lot of research in wheat cultivation in Mexico – increasing disease resistance through multiline varieties.

Scientist Norman Borlaug Expansion to South Asia : The Green Revolution

1961 to 1962 Borlaug’s dwarf spring wheat strains were grown in the fields of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in Pusa, New Delhi.
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In March 1963 Scientist Norman Borlaug came to India and supplied four most promising strains to IARI – test plots planted in Delhi, Ludhiana, Pant Nagar, Kanpur, Pune and Indore.

During the mid 1960s, the Indian subcontinent was at war, and experiencing widespread famine and starvation, even though the US was sending emergency shipments of millions of tons of grain, wheat.

The Indian and Pakistani bureaucracies created hurdles for Borlaug’s attempts to plant the new wheat strains. By the summer of 1965, the famine became so acute and unbearable; hence the governments allowed the Borlaug’s projects to go forward.

Biologist Paul R. Ehrlich wrote in his book The Population Bomb 1968, “The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s and 1980s hundreds of millions of people will starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now.

” He also said, “India¬† Possibly feed two hundred million more people by 1980.”

The situation was so bleak!

In 1965 Borlaug’s team imported 450 tons of Lerma Rojo and Sonora 64 semi-dwarf wheat seed varieties; 250 tons to Pakistan and 200 tons to India. War broke out between India and Pakistan over the ‘Kashmir region issue’.

Scientist Norman Borlaug’s group often worked in the sight of artillery flashes. The initial yields of Borlaug’s crops were higher than any ever harvested in South Asia. Encouraged by this bumper crops, the countries began importing larger quantities of seeds.

In 1966, India imported 18,000 tons – a figure, the largest purchase/import of any seed in the world, at that time.

The situation was named as “Green Revolution”, a laudable effect of Borlaug’s efforts. Some local governments were forced to close school buildings temporarily to use them for storage of food grains!

In Pakistan, wheat yields nearly doubled from 4.6 million tons in 1965 to 7.3 million tons in 1970; in India, yields increased from 12.3 million tons in 1965 to 20.1 million tons in 1970.

By 1974, India was self-sufficient in the production of all cereals.

Since the 1960s, food production has increased faster than the rate of population growth in both the nations.

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Judging the Kalpataruvu effect of Borlaug’s wheat bonanza, the development of high-yield semi-dwarf indica and japonica rice cultivation started. IARI introduced this variety of rice throughout most of Asia.

Land allotted to the semi-dwarf wheat and rice varieties in Asia expanded from 200 acres (0.8 km2) in 1965 to over 40 million acres (160,000 km2) in 1970; eager to know – this land accounts for over 10% of the more productive cereal land in Asia. Think, 90% more such land available, if one wants to harvest.

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Scientist Norman Borlaug Nobel Peace Prize

For his valuable contributions to the world food supply, Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. The globe rejoiced over this recognition of his services in a world that is hungry, both for bread and for peace.

Production in Africa

Sasakawa Arica Association (SAA): efforts to increase.

yields of wheat, cassava, maize and sorghum in Benin.

Ghana, Mali, Matawi, Tanzania and Uganda, to mention some countries.

World Food Prize

The prize was created by Scientist Norman Borlaug in 1986. The first prize was given to Borlaug’s former colleague, M.S. Swaminathan, for his work in India.

The next year, Swaminathan allotted this prize money of US $250,000 for a specific purpose to start the ‘MS Swaminathan Research Foundation’ for research on sustainable development topics.

The future of global farming and food supply

  • only 17% of cultivable land produces 90% of the world’s food crops. In March 2005 Borlaug stated, “we will have to double the world food supply by 2050.”

Honors and Laurel : In 2006 the Government of India conferred the Padma Vibhushan award on Borlaug.

October 16th is referred to as “Norman Borlaug World Food Prize Day.”

“Greatest Human Being That Ever Lived” – he is credited with saving the livs of over a billion people.

Scientist Dr. Norman E. Borlaug Act of 2006 “Dr. Borlaug has saved more lives than any other person who has ever lived, and likely has saved more lives in the Islamic world than any other human being in history.”

Life non-mundane

On March 8, 2007 Margaret Borlaug, wife of Scientist Norman Borlaug died at the age of 95, leaving his beloved spouse aged 93; they had been married for 69 years.

Scientist Norman Borlaug’s current residence is in northern Dallas.

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Tailpiece

Bravo! Bestower of bread
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