Indian Politician Shivraj V Patil Biography
The Planner, Shivraj Patil with his estimable patience, accomplished his work in the genre of Indian Politics.
With liberal approach, sociable disposition and commendable patience, coupled with an abiding sense of impartiality, Shri Shivraj V. Patil has the rare distinction of being one of the unanimously elected Speakers of the 10th Lok Sabha.
In carrying on the proceedings of the House, he proved to be an outstanding arbitrator. In the parliamentary history both for their content and significance, Shivraj Patil as the Presiding Officer carried through several rulings that will go down as landmarks.
This praiseworthy personality Shivraj V. Patil was born on 12 October 1935 in Chakur village of Latur district in the State of Maharashtra. Before studying Law at the Bombay University, he attended to the Osmania University, Hyderabad, earning a graduation degree in Science.
Patil took up the Job of a lecturer and taught for about six months, after receiving Master`s degree in Laws. After that he decided to practice law in his hometown, Latur.
After a short while, he earned great admiration from the public. He was elected as the President of the Latur Municipality in 1967, and held that position till 1969 and again from 1971 to 1972.
After chaired as the President of Latur Municipality, Patil acquainted many excogitations in the municipal administration, particularly relating to primary and secondary education, hospitals and underground drainage system, water supply scheme, town planning, other facilitities.
Shivraj Patil`s began his legislative and parliamentary career with his selection to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly in 1972,. He persevered as a member of the State Legislative Assembly from 1972 to 1977 and again from 1977 to 1979.
During 1974-75, he has served as the Chairman, Committee on Public Undertakings. In 1975, Patil became Deputy Minister of Law and Judiciary, Irrigation and Protocol.
Shivraj V Patil continued in office till 1976. On 5 July 1977, this voracious persona was elected Deputy Speaker of the State Assembly and held the position till 13 March 1978.
Shivraj V Patil respectability, impartial handling of controversial issues and immense patience were very much appreciated and on 17 March 1978, he was unanimously elected Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, an office he held till 6 December 1979.
In 1980, Patil was selected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from the Latur parliamentary constituency as a candidate of the Indian National Congress (I).
Respectively, from the same constituency, he was re-elected to the Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Lok Sabhas in 1984, 1989, 1991, 1996 and 1998. From 12 May 1980 to7 September 1980 Patil was the member, Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances.
On 19 October 1980, Patil was made a Minister of State in the Union Council of Ministers. He also held the following portfolios: Defence-19 October 1980 to 14 January 1982; Commerce (Independent Charge)-15 January 1982 to 29 January 1983; Science and Technology, Atomic Energy, Electronics, Space and Ocean Development, Bio-Technology-29 January 1983 to 21 October 1986; Defense Production and Supplies-22 October 1986 to 24 June 1988; and Civil Aviation and Tourism (Independent Charge)-25 June 1988 to 2 December 1989.
Shivraj V Patil held important positions in the Union Council of Ministers during this decade.
Patil brought to bear his distinctive stamp in all the portfolios he held during this period. Through his extensive as well as intensive study as the Minister of State for Defense, Patil swiftly came to take hold of the complex issues relating to the defense of the country.
It is Shivraj Patil who emphasized the importance of investments in `new technologies and modern equipment `and better facilities for the defense forces.
By making optimal use of available funds during his tenure as Defense Minister, he left no stone unturned to strengthen national defense. As Minister of Commerce, he did his job very challengingly and interestingly.
Shivraj V Patil stressed the notion of exploration of new markets and new products for exports. In this manner he also contributed to simplification of export procedures. He worked with extreme commitment and constant vigilance towards achieving these goals.
Patil left an ineffaceable impression of his personality as the Minister of Science and Technology, Atomic Energy, Electronics, Space and Ocean Development and Biotechnology. With all this achievements, no wonder then that when he was re-elected to the Eighth Lok Sabha, charge of these very same Ministries was given to him.
In intensification and expanding the electronic industry he was influential among other things. Patil never functioned on an unnecessary plane. He was gifted with qualities of humility and self-restraint, coupled with meticulousness and perseverance.
As a replacement for, with a great deal of understanding he would always go deep into the work and would engage himself meticulously in the sphere of policy formulation.
Shivraj Patil mainly emphasized on the modernization feature of administration, application of new technologies and contriving of new processes, besides establishing latest equipment to amplify production, competence and efficiency.
As the largest single party in the Lok Sabha, the Congress egressed in the General Elections of 1989. But the congress party fell short of the desideratum majority to form the Government.
In that situation with the support of the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Janata Dal formed the Government with the Congress as the Opposition party.
The selection of the Deputy Speaker of the House, as a practice developed over the years, used to be from the Opposition. Patil became the unanimous choice for the office of Deputy Speaker of all the members of the Ninth Lok Sabha, since he had an excellent record as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly.
Shivraj V Patil fellow politicians most often described him by one word “fair”. From March 1990 till March 1991, Patil remained Deputy Speaker.
All through this period, he officiated as the Chairman, Committee on Private Members` Bills and Resolutions and also the Library Committee. From May 1990, he was a member of the General Purposes Committee.
The country went to the polls in less than two years` time and this time again to select by ballot a new Lok Sabha. Now the Indian National Congress constituted the Government at the Center.
The natural choice for Speaker ship was Patil and he was like other times elected unanimously to the office.
All sections of the House were of the reckoned view that Patil would fetch to the august office of the Speaker with prosperous and speckled experience and self-esteem and maturity, qualities that are needed in a Presiding Officer.
To all the members, media or general public, legislative bodies of the State or parliamentary bodies of other nations, Patil`s dedication to intensification the parliamentary institution was palpable. Both the ruling party and the Opposition equally respected Patil as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
There were several junctures when the situation in the House became tense and tumultuous. Shivraj Patil with his commendable patience and extraordinary tolerance perpetually succeeded in deactivating the tension and the surcharged atmosphere.
Shivraj V Patil conducted debates on certain controversial issues such as “bank scam”, “criminalization of politics”, and many others. in such a manner in which the House elicited a great deal of approbation from various quarters.
During his Speakership, when the Lok Sabha discussed and subsequently blackballed the first ever motion for the accusation of a sitting Judge of the Supreme Court, history was created.
Patil took particular care, since this was the first such occurrence of its kind and one of great importance, to ensure that proper actions were established for taking into account the motion and held consultations with Leaders of various Parties and Groups on the issue.
Under the Tenth Schedule to the Constitution, Patil gave an important decision, in 1993, regarding matters growing out of the petitions for ineligibility against as many as twenty members.
As he intended that the case involved the membership of twenty parliamentarians who were the legislative body of more than two crores of Indian citizen`s. As they were nominated by the people, as the representatives of the people, they were therefore anticipated to live up to their expectations.
To the Speaker Patil, the hazard of floor crossing could destroy the parliamentary and democratic system if can not controlled. According to his accountability it has been pointed out that the Tenth Schedule had served to a great level to the purpose for which it has been brought into existence.
But it also has certain weak points and shortcomings. Patil observed that the law should be made more comprehensive.
The growth of the Committee System of Indian Parliament can be regarded as another remarkable achievement of Patil`s thoughtful efforts and of far reaching significance, during his Speaker ship.
Though, for several years, the suggestion for the introduction of the Committee System had been there and in the Eighth Lok Sabha, three Subject Committees had been formed; these efforts only improved after when Patil took the initiative in the Tenth Lok Sabha and discussed the matter with party leaders, member, and others and excogitated the scheme.
Seventeen Departmentally-related Standing Committees of Parliament finally, on 31 March 1993, were formally ushered in.
In the direction of making the Parliament more commanding and efficient, it was unquestionably a major initiative in the exercise of its control over the Executive. After becoming the Speaker, he took up this matter with full dynamism and pursued it with the concerned authorities.
In December 1993, the efforts ultimately bore fruit when the MPs Local Area Development Scheme was announced in the Parliament. Under this Scheme, “each member has the choice to suggest to the District Collector works to the tune of one crore Rupees per year to be taken up in his or her constituency”.
Patil gave a new driving force to the continuing computerization and modernization efforts of the institutional arrangements of the Lok Sabha Secretariat.
Under his leadership, a large number of activities of Lok Sabha Secretariat computerized, not only were to provide the parliamentarians non-partisan, objective, reliable and authoritative data on a uninterrupted and regular basis, a number of index based databases of information were also developed.
When for the first time on 20th December 1989 and subsequently in 1990, the Address by the President to the members of the two Houses of Parliament was telecast live; another path-breaking initiative in bringing Parliament nearer to the people was made.
It was Patil who turned over for the first time a wide-ranging proposal highlighting the probability, technical capability, modalities and the general advantages of telecasting parliamentary proceedings.
Telefilming and televising of parliamentary proceedings and production of films on parliamentary subjects gained further momentum during Patil`s tenure, as an Audio-Visual Unit was set up in Parliament House for the safeguarding and repossession of the official audio-visual records of parliamentary proceedings and other parliamentary events.
Granting of Research Fellowships, another proposal taken by Patil demands mentioning. The Lok Sabha Secretariat grants two Research Fellowships, one each in Hindi and English, under the scheme, every year on any of the following fields: Parliamentary Institutions (including State 1egislatures) :
Evolution and Development; Parliamentary Rules, Practices and Procedures; Committee System; Communications between Parliament and the People; and Modern Techniques of Servicing the Parliaments.
Today lending his experience and expertise to his colleagues, Patil continues to be an active Member of Parliament, in the highest thoughtful forum in the country.