Biography of Thomas Jefferson

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Biography of Thomas Jefferson – President of America

Thomas Jefferson was famous Political Philosopher & the third President of America. Thomas Jefferson was born on 13 April 1743 in Virginia. Thomas Jefferson died on 04 July 1826.

Thomas Jefferson’s work and achievements was Founder of the Republicanism in America, Father of the Virginia University, the main author of the Declaration of Independence and his nationality was United States.

Thomas Jefferson was a major Political Leader and the third president of the United States serving from 1801 to 1809. Thomas Jefferson was also a Co – Founder and Leader of the Democratic Republic Party, the wartime Governor of Virginia (1779 – 1781) and author the book Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

Before elected to the presidency, he was appointed the first United States Secretary of State during 17889 – 1793 and was the second Vice – President of America where he served from 1797 to 1801. In 1776, he was the main author of the Declaration of Independence and gained appreciation for his role in promoting republicanism in the United States.

While in power, Jefferson fiercely supported the idea of democracy and favored states rights and a limited Federal government in America, which Thomas Jefferson considered as virtues of republicanism.

A man of many talents, Thomas Jefferson explored many interests and gained high opinion for his quality as a horticulturist, statesman, architect, archaeologist, inventor, and founder of the University of Virginia.

Thomas Jefferson Childhood & Education
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Thomas Jefferson was born on 13 April 1743 in Virginia, Thomas Jefferson was the third of eight children of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph. Thomas Jefferson father, who was of Welsh descent, was a ship’s captain and worked as a planter for sometime.

In 1745, Thomas Jefferson family moved to Tuckahoe and lived there for seven years before they returned to their home in Albemarle after his father was appointer to the colonelcy of the county.

Thomas Jefferson’s education began in 1752 from a school run by William Douglas, who was a Scottish minister. From the time he was nine, Thomas Jefferson became an avid learner of Greek, French and Latin. Thomas Jefferson’s father died in 1757, making his son an heir to his huge land assets and a number of slaves.

During 1758 to 1760 Thomas Jefferson taught at the school of the erudite minister James Maury, whereupon he received a classical education and studied science and history.

Thomas Jefferson enrolled at The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg in 1760, where he studied mathematics, metaphysics, and philosophy graduating with supreme honors in 1762.

As a keen student, Thomas Jefferson took interest in learning different languages and throughout his students life he studied for fifteen hours a day. A gourmet and an avid lover of wine, Thomas learned to play violin and took a keen interest in arts.

After graduating, Thomas Jefferson studied law with George Wythe and began practicing law in Virginia Bar in 1767. Between the year 1768 and 1773, Thomas Jefferson handled a number of cases and established himself as a reputed lawyer.

Thomas Jefferson Marriage & Children

Thomas Jefferson married a young widow Martha Wayles Skelton in 1772 and the couple had six children. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Jane Randolph, Mary Wayles, Lucy Elizabeth and Elizabeth. Martha gave birth to a stillborn son in 1777. She died on 6 September 1782.

Thomas Jefferson Early Political Life

Thomas Jefferson was appointed as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1775 and with the beginning of American resolution of independence in 1776.

Thomas Jefferson served as a member to a committee for preparing the declaration of the independence resolution. The draft was presented to congress on 2 July and on 4 July 1776. The wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved, making Jefferson a popular face of the country.

In 1776, Thomas Jefferson was elected to the new Virginia House of Delegates. As a delegate he instigated a series of reforms and bills to expose Virginia’s new state as a democratic state, among which the most prominent were the laws to end primogeniture and establish freedom of religion in the state.

Thomas Jefferson further produced a bill on ‘General Diffusion of Knowledge’ in 1778, which resulted in the establishment of an elective system of study in the College of William and Mary. Thomas Jefferson proposed bills to eliminate death as a penalty except in case of a murder of treason, though his efforts were beaten and crimes as rape remained punishable to death for a long time after.

Thomas Jefferson Governor of Virginia

Thomas Jefferson became the governor of Virginia in 1779 and remained in his position until 1781. It was during his tenure that the capital of state was transferred from Williamsburg to Richmond in 1780.

Thomas Jefferson constant efforts in the field of education were recognized in 1779, when George Wythe was appointed as the first professor of law at the college of Williams and Mary.

Thomas Jefferson’s governorship was marked by two British invasion of Virginia which ruined his reputation as Governor and he never won any election from Virginia in future. Thereafter, Jefferson served as minister to France from 1785 to 1789 and supported France against Britain when the war was declared between these two countries in 1793.

Thomas Jefferson Secretary State of the U.S

Thomas Jefferson became the first Secretary of State in 1790, under the presidency of George Washington. As a Secretary of State he openly spoke against widespread Federalism in the U.S. and continued to view it as a threat to Republicanism.

Thomas Jefferson further along with James Madison co founded and led the Democratic-Republican Party and formulated a set of connections with republican allies to fight the Federalists across the country.

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After a failed bid for Vice Presidency in 1796, Thomas Jefferson became Vice – President of the United States in 1797. Federalists, who were preparing for war with France, passed a new Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798 as a source of inciting money through taxes.

Thomas Jefferson harshly criticized these tactics and intensified his attack on Federalism, as he believed that Federalists had no right to exercise such extent of power.

Thomas Jefferson successfully ran for in his the presidency for the first time in 1800. Though Thomas Jefferson did not campaign for his party – as was the tradition that time.

Thomas Jefferson became the President of the United States in a landslide victory on 17 February 1801.

Thomas Jefferson Life after Presidency

In Thomas Jefferson life after presidency, Thomas Jefferson remained active in the American politics and enthusiastically participated in educational and cultural organizations.

Education remained Thomas Jefferson’s prime concern throughout his life and he took measures to promote higher education among people. Thomas Jefferson efforts finally fructified in 1819, when the University of Virginia was founded and the University, which was first to offer a full slate of elective courses, was opened in 1825.

Thomas Jefferson is also known for his love for architecture and archeology- a stream which was still developing that time. Thomas Jefferson had a large contribution in the architectural planning of the University of Virginia which became an embodiment of science and beauty with its planned site surrounding lawn and linking arcades.

The University, which is constructed in Greek and Roman style, represents a unique architecture and intellectual ideas of Thomas Jefferson who became known as the father of the University.

In 1780, Thomas Jefferson became a member of Benjamin Franklin’s American Philosophical Society and served as its president from 1795 to 1815. An avid wine lover, Jefferson traveled to France and other European countries in order to raise his collection of famous wines.

In 1801, Thomas Jefferson published A Manual of Parliamentary Practice whose second edition came in 1812. After the Library of Congress was burnt down by British in 1814, Thomas Jefferson’s huge collection of books became a part of the new library, which is named after him in his honor.

Thomas Jefferson Death

Thomas Jefferson died on 4 July 1826, a date which coincides with the 50th anniversary of the declaration of Independence. After his death, his assets were sold off in an auction to pay his huge debt.

Thomas Jefferson is buried at Monticello in Virginia, the home he had built in his youth.

Thomas Jefferson Timeline

1743 – Thomas Jefferson was born on 13 April 1743.
1745 – Thomas Jefferson’s family moved to Tuckahoe.
1752 – Thomas Jefferson’s education began in 1752.
1757 – Thomas Jefferson’s father died in 1757.
1758 – Thomas Jefferson taught at the school of the erudite minister James Maury till 1760.
1760 – Thomas Jefferson enrolled at The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg in 1760.
1762 – Thomas Jefferson graduated from the college in 1762.
1767 –Thomas Jefferson began practicing law in Virginia Bar in 1767.
1772 – Thomas Jefferson married Martha Wayles Skelton in 1772.
1775 – Thomas Jefferson was appointed as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress.
1778 – Thomas Jefferson produced a bill on ‘General Diffusion of Knowledge’.
1779 – Thomas Jefferson became the governor of Virginia in 1779.
1779 – George Wythe was appointed as the first professor of law at the college of Williams and Mary.
1780 – The capital of state was transferred from Williamsburg to Richmond.
1780 – Jefferson became a member of Benjamin Franklin’s American Philosophical Society.
1782 – Martha Wayles Skelton died on 6 September 1782.
1785 – Jefferson was elected as minister to France and served till 1789.
1785 – Thomas Jefferson became the President of American Philosophical Society and served till1815.
1790 – Thomas Jefferson became the first Secretary of State in 1790.
1793 – War was declared France and Britain in 1793.
1796 – Thomas Jefferson failed in his run for vice presidency in 1796.
1797 – Thomas Jefferson became the vice-President of the U.S.
1798 – Federalist passed a new Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798.
1800 –Thomas Jefferson ran for the presidency in 1800.
1801 –Thomas Jefferson became the President of the United States on 17 February 1801.
1801 – Thomas Jefferson published A Manual of Parliamentary Practice.
1814 – The Library of Congress was burnt down by British in 1814.
1819 – The University of Virginia was founded.
1825 – The University of Virginia opened.
1826 – Thomas Jefferson died on 4 July 1826.