Tourist Places in Tirupati
History of Tirupati
The source of the origin of the name is not very clear, but it is believed that the word Tirupati comes from the amalgamation of two words – Thiru and Pati. Thiru is a Tamil word which means ‘respectable’ while Pati translates to ‘husband’. Thus, the literal meaning of Tirupathi comes out to be ‘respectable husband’.
The hills of Tirumala, which lie close to the city centre, are the second oldest rock mountains in the world. There is no historical evidence to suggest who built the Tirupati Temple, but it has come to be controlled and upgraded by many rulers over the years since the 4th century AD. The temple of Tirupati, unlike the other temples of South India, was able to ward off the invasions by Muslim rulers in the 14th and the 15th century.
Deer Park is located towards the suburbs of the main city of Kandaleru, which is known for having large number of animals and scenic landscapes. The most common animal that can be spotted in the park is deer, which is very friendly with the visitors. This park can be easily visited on the way to Tirupati and is also known for varied bird species.
Presently, this park is managed by the Tirupati Devasthanam authorities and also houses a special children’s park.
Sri Venkateswara Temple
Sri Venkateswara Temple is one of the ancient and holy temples, which is located at the 7th peak of the Venkata Tirumala Hill. This temple is situated to the south of Sri Swami Pushkarini River and has been built in the traditional Dravidian architectural style. It measures 80 min width and 123 m in length.
Within its total area of around 2.2 acres, the temple houses an idol of Lord Venkateswara, which is about 8 ft in height. The idol stands under the gold gilded dome, which is known as Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana. The eyes of this idol are covered with a tilak of camphor and are ornamented with some of the precious and semi – precious stones.
Sri Venkateshwara Temple
Sri Venkateshwara Temple is located at about 14 km from Tirupati in Appalayagunta. This place is known as the resting place where Lord Venkateswara rested during his voyage to Tirumala. It is also the same place where Lord Venkateswara blessed Sri Siddeshwara and other sages after he married Sri Padmavathi Ammavaru.
This temple is known for abhishekam on Fridays, when large numbers of pilgrims offer prayers. It also houses shrines of Goddess Padmavathi, Sri Andal and Anjaneyaswami. The temple is also situated very close to Tirupati Bus Station and Railway Station.
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple is the sole Lord Shiva shrine in Tirumala, which is located approximately 3 km north of Tirupati. The famous festivals celebrated in the temple are Brahmotsavam, Annabhishekam, Maha Shivarathri and Vinayaka Chaturthi. Kapila Theertham and Alwar Theertham are also located in the same temple complex.
The temple complex also houses shrines of Sri Venugopalaswamy, Sri Vinayakaswamy and Sri Lakshminarayanaswamy.
TTD Gardens, situated near the main temple, contains flowers and ornamental garden within its area spanning 460 acres. This garden is maintained by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam and is the main area from where around 500 kg of flowers are sent to different temples. The patch in this garden was paved by Ramanuja and his disciples in the 14th century.
There are four nurseries in this garden including Gogarbham Dam area, Divyaramam area, Travellers Bungalow area and Sri Padmavathi Guest House area. The main varieties of flowers at this garden are hibiscus, crotons, bougainvilleas and others.
Pandava Theertham is one of the holy theerthams in Tirumala, which is known for its divinity and sacredness. This theertham that has a story of salvation also holds some connection with Pandavas. It is believed that two Pandava brothers Yudhishtra and Arjuna took bath at this place. Pandava Theertham is situated at the bottom of the hill and faces the Narishma Hill.
Sri Veda Narayanaswami Temple
Sri Veda Narayanaswami Temple, which is located at Nagalapuram, is known for the Matsya incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is approximately 70 km south east of Tirupati and has the idol of Lord Vishnu in Matsya incarnation. It is believed that Matsya incarnation recovered the Vedas after killing the demon Somakudu.
The main idol also has Sridevi and Bhudevi on either side along with a Sudarshana Chakra in the hands of the main deity. The temple was contributed by the emperor of Vijayanagar kingdom, Krishnadevaraya. There are other sub shrines in the temple such as Sri Veeranjaneya Swami, Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari, Sri Vedavalli Tayaru, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami and Sri Bhakta Anjaneyaswami.
Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple
Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple is situated in Karvetinagaram, which is around 48 km from Tirupati. It is a 14th century temple, which is believed to be sanctified by Sri Ramanujacharya. On either side of the main deity, Sri Venugopala Swamy, there are idols of Sri Rukmini Ammavaru and Sri Satyabhama Ammavaru. It also houses a sub temple of Sri Seetharamula Pattabhishekam.
The chief festivals celebrated in the temple are Vaikuntha Ekadasi, Gokulashtami, Brahmotsavam and Teppotsavam.
Timing : 6 am – 11 am and 4 pm – 8 pm.
Sri Vari Museum
Sri Vari Museum is situated in the main Tirumala town, next to the Karnataka Choultry. Tourists coming to this museum can see some of the beautiful pictures, artefacts and sculptures that depict the history of the main temple. It also houses scriptures and photographs, which can be viewed by the visitors all round the year. This is a newly built museum, which has free entry for the visitors.
Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple
Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple is a 10th century temple, which was built by Chola kings. This temple is dedicated to Lord Rama and contains idols of Sita and Lakshman along with the main deity. The construction of this shrine was started by Narasimha Raja Mudaliar. In its style, this temple displays an influence of the Vijayanagar style of architecture. The walls of this temple are decorated using Sinhalata gables along with other architectural styles.
Sri Chennakesava Swamy Temple is more than 1,000 years old and is known as the birthplace of Sri Annamacharya, who was the Sankeerthana Acharyulu. It is believed that the temple was built by Matti Rajas, who also constructed the sub shrines of Sri Kamakshi, Sri Siddeshwara Swamy and Sri Gopalaswami Sameta Chakrathalwar. Annamacharya Jayanthi, Brahmotsavam and Vardhanti Utsavams are celebrated with immense fervour at this temple.
Sri Annapurna Sameta Kasi Visweswaraswami Temple
Sri Annapurna Sameta Kasi Visweswaraswami Temple is situated on the banks of Kushasthali River and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The temple is located at Bugga Agraharam, which is at about 56 km from Tirupati. This temple also consists of sub shrines of Sri Prayaga Madhava Swami, Sri Annapurna Ammavaru, Sri Kasi Visweswara Swamy, Sri Kamakshi Ammavaru and Sri Devi Bhudevi Sameta.
Pradosha Kala Pujathat occurs twice a month and is a famous ceremony celebrated at the temple. The temple is also known for festivals like Kala Bhairava Ashtami, Maha Shivarathri and Kartika Somavaram.
Sri Varahaswamy Temple
Sri Varahaswamy Temple is located on the banks of Pushkarini River, which faces the Sri Venkateswara Temple in Tirumala. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in his Varaha incarnation. Varaha is believed to be the guardian of the Tirumala Hill and Lord Venkateswara took his permission to stay at this hill.
It is customary to offer prayers to Lord Varaha before worshipping at Sri Venkateswara Temple. Devotees also offer Naivedyam at this shrine before moving to the main temple at Tirumala. Lord Varahaswamy can be worshipped in three main ways of Yajna Varaha, Adi Varaha and Pralaya Varaha.
Sri Bedi Anjaneyaswami Temple
Sri Bedi Anjaneyaswami Temple, which is situated on the banks of Pushkarini River, is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. The temple faces the Mahadwaram of the Sri Venkateswara Temple. It is believed that the temple was constructed during the reign of Mahant and was built according to the Vaishnavite traditions.
Local inhabitants also believe that Lord Hanuman fled to Seshachalam to get camel vehicle for Lord Venkateswara. There is a special abhishekam and pooja performed at this temple on every Sunday. Hanuman Jayanthi is also celebrated at this Sri Bedi Anjaneyaswami Temple.
Swami Pushkarini Lake
Swami Pushkarini Lake is situated within the main premises of Sri Venkateswara Temple that has religious significance. This is also considered to be the holy lake of Vaikuntha, where Lord Vishnu used to take bath with his wife. Garuda is believed to have brought the theertha and water at this site. The holy water tank at this place is associated with cleansing all the evils and sins of the people.
Akasha Ganga Theertham
Akasha Ganga Theertham is a popular waterfall, located near the Sri Venkateswara Temple. The waterfall is about 5 km from the main temple and the Tirumala Nambi family is allowed to take holy dip at this waterfalls. It is commonly believed that the theertham originates from the lotus feet of the main deity. The best time for visiting this place is during the rainy season, when the waterfall cascades down with full fervour.
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