Kaviperarasu Vairamuthu Biography
Vairamuthu ( born : 13 July 1953 ) is an award – winning Tamil Poet and lyricist.
Debuting in the film Nizhalgal ( 1980 ) with the lyrics for ‘Ponmalai Pozhudhu’, Vairamuthu`s has now about 5800 songs to his credit as of January 2009. His partnership with the composers Ilaiyaraaja, and later A. R. Rahman, have resulted in critical praise, awards, and box office hits.
Vairamuthu has been awarded the National Film Award five times in the Best Lyrics category. Vairamuthu is a recipient of Kalaimamani Award and Tamil Nadu State Government award thrice for his contribution to Tamil Literature.
Vairamuthu Early Life and Education
Vairamuthu was born to Ramaswamythevar and Angammal of Mettur in a middle class family. When Vairamuthu was four, the village gave way to Vaigai Dam and the family moved to Vadugapatti Village, a farming community in Theni near Periyakulam.
The ambience of the village is said to have inspired him to write poems. According to him, Tamil and Rationalist movements of the sixties stimulated his poetic zeal. The speeches of Periyar & Anna, the writings of Karunanidhi and the works of eminent poets like Bharathi, Bharathidasan and Kannadasan and the life in the countryside shaped the young poet’s thinking. At the age of fourteen, he was inspired by Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural to write a venba compilation of poetry, strictly adhering to the yappu grammar rules of Vairamuthu Tamil Poetry.
Vairamuthu joined Pachaiyappa’s college in Chennai where Vairamuthu was acclaimed as the best speaker and poet. While in his second year of B. A. and barely nineteen years of age, Vairamuthu published his maiden anthology Vaigarai Megangal. It was prescribed for study in Women’s Christian College. Thus, Vairamuthu achieved the distinction of a student poet whose work was taken into curriculum while he was still a student.
His second work, Thiruththi Yezhudhiya Theerppugal, in pudhu kavidhai ( free verse ) form was published in 1979. Vairamuthu made his film debut in the succeeding year when Vairamuthu set lyrics for Bharathiraja’s Nizhalgal.
Vairamuthu Literary Influences
Vairamuthu is strongly influenced by Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, Khalil Gibran, Firdausi and Nizami.
Vairamuthu uses free verse ( Puthu Kavithai in Tamil ), wherever it suits him. For him, content is more important than the form.
With 5,600 songs to his credit, Vairamuthu has published nine collections of poems. His writings have also extended to genres such as novel, essay, biography and travelogue. In fact, 20 of the 32 books he has published in the last 30 Years are in prose.
Vairamuthu Notable Works
On the literature front, his notable works include Innoru Desiya Geetham, Indha Pookkal Virppanai-kkalla, Sigarangalai Nokki, Villodu Vaa Nilave and many others numbering to 30.
Vairamuthu has also introduced some foreign poets and their works to Tamil in his Ella Nadhiyilum En Odum. Some of his works are translated into Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. The trend continues as hundreds of his film lyrics are translated into Hindi.
Vairamuthu Thanner Thesam
This aRiviyal kaaviyam is about the ‘sea odyssey’. Kalaivannan is the hero; Tamilrojaa is the heroine. A lot of scientific facts about the sea, water, and the universe are sown in this modern poetry ( pudhukk kavidhai ). The work depicts the adventure of fishermen’s life at sea.
Vairamuthu Kallikattu Idhihasam
Kallikkattu Edhihasam ( the epic of Kallikkadu, in literal translation ) is one of his novels. It tells the agonising tale of a marginal farmer of a riverbed region of the Theni belt in southern Tamil Nadu. “Kallikattu Ithikasam” – a confluence of various emotions like sadness, sufferings and depression – crammed his mind for more than four decades. Finally, when it exploded, the natives of `Kallikadugal’ found their biographies in the book. But with a silver lining. The novel won him the Sahitya Akademi award for Best Literary Work in 2003.
Vairamuthu Karuvachi Kaaviyam
This depicts powerfully the facets of rural life in a remote corner of our State, was serialized in a popular regional weekly, Ananda Vikatan and won accolades. Owing to its huge popularity, the series was released as a novel.
Vairamuthu Sirpiye Unnai Sedhukukiraen
A powerful book says about the good mannerism of life and personality development, self control, aim of life, and each and every part that makes a complete man. It can be said as a 25 Bagavat Gita.
Vairamuthu Iduvarai Naan
This is his biography written at the age of 28.
Vairamuthu Awards and Recognition
Vairamuthu received the President’s award for the Best Lyricist for his compositions in Mudhal Mariyathai (1985), directed by Bharathiraja. Vairamuthu received this award a second time in 1993 for Roja, directed by Mani Ratnam. Vairamuthu was bestowed the honor of receiving this award for the third time, for his lyrics in the film, Karuththamma, another film directed by Bharathiraja, followed by Sangamam and Kannathil Muthamittal, directed by Mani Ratnam. Vairamuthu and Javed Akhtar are the only lyricists to receive the Best Lyricist award five times at the National Film Awards.
Among regional awards from the Tamil Nadu Government, Vairamuthu received one in 1981 from the then Chief Minister, M. G. Ramachandran, a Best Architect of Films Award in 1989 alongside the prestigious Kalaimaamani award in 1990. The Tamil Development Society of Madras conferred on him the title of Kaviyarasu in 1986. His Kaviraajan Kavidhai narrating Bharathi’s life in Pudhu Kavidhai, was a commendable effort. It earned him the Bharathi Literature Prize.
In 2003, Vairamuthu was awarded the Padma Shri. Vairamuthu is the Tamil Nadu President of Indo – Russian Friendship Society. At the invitation of the Russian Government, Vairamuthu has visited Russia to participate in an Indian Cultural Event in 1987. In response to invitations of various Tamil Groups, Vairamuthu visited the U.S.A, United Kingdom, Canada, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Malayasia, Thailand and Sri Lanka.
His works have the underlying themes of humanism transcending barriers of space and race. Vairamuthu opened Tamil Schools in Bangkok, Canada and Hong Kong promoting Tamil Children living there to develop an interest in learning the language.
In 2009 his own album was released in a village in tirupur district. This album fully mentioned human activity and death far.
Vairamuthu Award – Winning Songs
Vairamuthu has received the National Award 5 times in his career so far.
Vairamuthu won the awards for Muthal Mariyathai, Roja, Karuthamma, Sangamam, Kannathil Muthamittal, and Thenmerku Paruvakaatru.