Biography of V.S. AchuthanandanGeneral Knowledge »
Velikkakathu Sankaran Achuthanandan, a Politburo member of Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M)), is the twentieth Chief Minister of Kerala state, India. He is popularly known as “Comrade VS”.
V.S. Achuthanandan plunged into the world of politics through Trade Union activities. Velikkakathu Sankaran Achuthanandan is a name which belongs to a a typical brand of leaders.
Leadership didn’t come in a serving dish according to him. V.S. Achuthanandan has never seen leadership just as a sign of admiration for the hardships that V.S. Achuthanandan underwent, earlier in his political life. The responsibilities, which are entitled on him, V.S. Achuthanandan accepted them as a permission to share the hardships even more.
At the age of 83, V.S. Achuthanandan with a youthful energy can be found in the center of people whenever and wherever violence is done. His passion for the soil makes him a man of the masses.
V.S. Achuthanandan is a humanitarian to the core; no barrier could ever stop him from his life motto. Unyielding, unbending and with a clean image, V.S. Achuthanandan carries with him the dreams of the common man on the street.
V.S. Achuthanandan was born on 20th October 1923 to Sankaran and Accamma in Alappuzha district of Kerala state. V.S. Achuthanandan was born to the poor, prominent Ezhava caste family. At the tender age of four, he lost his mother and at eleven lost his father.
This led him to give up his studies after finishing 7th standard in school . By helping his elder brother he started working in a village cloth shop. Later V.S. Achuthanandan took up the job at a coir factory. On 18th July 1967, V.S. Achuthanandan married to K. Vasumathy and has one son and one daughter.
Both his sons and daughters are well settled in their own spheres and are married now.
As a worker at the Aspinwal coir factory, he experiences harassment and mistreatment. This made Achuthanandan an active trade unionist. Communist Sri. P. Krishna Pillai recognizing his capabilities assigned Achuthanandan to systematize farm workers against feudalism in Kuttanad, Kerala’s rice bowl.
Voices of protest began to be heard loud under his leadership. Throughout his 40 Years of political life, V.S. Achuthanandan was imprisoned for five years and six months, as an outcome of his politics of demonstration.
And V.S. Achuthanandan has gone under ground for four and half years. V.S. Achuthanandan has survived brutal police excesses as well.
The urge to fight, to revolt instilled in him with independent struggle, fights against feudalism and caste system and V.S. Achuthanandan joined the State Congress in 1939. In 1940, he became the member of the Communist Party.
In 1957, V.S. Achuthanandan became a state secretariat member of the CPI. V.S. Achuthanandan played an active role in the Punnapra – Vayalar uprising. In 1962, he backed the nationalists in the party during the Sino – Indian war, supporting Indian side.
With the benevolent attitude for the soldiers, V.S. Achuthanandan participated in a blood donation camp. For that he was assigned to a lower position in the party rank.
This senior most leader of CPI (M) in Kerala held the post of secretary of the Kerala State Committee between 1980 and 1992. Since 1985, V.S. Achuthanandan was serving as the Member of the Polit Bureau.
In 1967, 1970, 1991 and 2001, V.S. Achuthanandan was elected to Kerala Legislative Assembly and was the Leader of Opposition from 1992 to 1996 and from 2001 till May 2006. At that time V.S. Achuthanandan became the Chief Minister of Kerala.
In his long political career, Achuthanandan has served many positions. V.S. Achuthanandan became one of the most popular political leaders in Kerala because of his crusade against corruption and anti – social elements in Kerala.
In ‘Deshabhimani Daily’, the mouth piece of CPI (M) in Malayalam, he was the editor. Later he was removed from the post by the reformist leadership of CPI (M).
V.S. Achuthanandan and E. Balanandan are the two figure who were opposing each other earlier on the issue of Trade Union Independence. But later on both of them unified to fight against the Social Democratic group of CPI (M) along with the Left Intellectual M. N. Vijayan.
In April – May 2006, the assembly elections took place in Kerala, in which VS Achuthanandan by a margin of 20,017 votes in Malampuzha constituency in Palghat district defeated Satheesan Pacheeni of the United Democratic Front.
After the Assembly Elections in 2006, the State Committee and Polit Bureau of CPI (M) with out any objection decided to make Achuthanandan the Chief Minister of Kerala. On 18 May 2006, he took oath of office as the twentieth Chief Minister of Kerala.
During his Chief Ministership of the Indian State, Kerala, VS Achuthanandan became successful to revive several public sector units, measures to tackle price rises and reached an agreement on the Smart City project in Kochi.
V.S. Achuthanandan also initiated a firm action against the intrusion of government land in the hill resort and tea plantation town of Munnar.