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{tab=Romania}

ROMANIA

Republic of Romania

  1. Area : 2,38,391 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : Bucharest
  4. Languages : Romanian, French
  5. Religion : Eastern Orthodox Christianity ( 80% )
  6. Currency : Leu
  7. Literacy rate : 97.3%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2012 ) : $161.6 billion; Per capita income $7, 542
  9. Natural Resources : Oil, timber, natural gas, coal.
  10. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, sunflower, potatoes.
  11. Major Products : Steel, cement, metal production and processing, chemicals, petroleum.
  12. Imports : Machinery, fuel, consumer goods, minerals.
  13. Exports : Machinery, metals, chemicals, timber, furniture, textiles, foodstuffs.

General Studies Question Bank CD

RUSSIA

Russian Federation

  1. Area : 1,70,75,400 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe and North Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ): 142.905 million
  4. Capital : Moscow
  5. Languages : Russian, Ukrainian, Belarussian, Uzbek, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian and others.
  6. Religions : Christian (Russian Orthodox 25%), Muslim
  7. Currency: Rouble
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P ( 2011 ) : $1, 894 trillion; Per capita income $13, 542
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, natural gas, coal, iron, zinc, lead, nickel, aluminium, molybdenum, gold, platinum.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, cotton, potatoes, sugar beets, sunflower, vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Gold industry, steel mills, oil and gas industries.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, chemicals, consumer goods, semi finished metal products.
  14. Exports : Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, coal, non – ferrous metals, chemicals.

RWANDA

Republic of Rwanda ( Independence from Belgium on July 1st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 26,798 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 11.370 million
  4. Capital : Kigali
  5. Languages : French, Kinyarwanda and English with Kiswahili
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism ( 45% ), local beliefs ( 25% )
  7. Currency : Rwanda Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 70.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $6, 055 billion; Per capita income $593
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, cassiterite, wolfram
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, tea, bananas, yams, beans.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, light consumer goods.
  13. Imports : Textiles, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment.
  14. Exports : Coffee, tea, tungsten, tin.

SAMOA

The Independent State of Samoa ( formerly Western Samoa ) ( Independence from New Zealand on Jan 1st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 2,831 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Pacific
  3. Population ( 2009 ): 1,79,000
  4. Capital : Apia
  5. Languages : Samoan and English
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Tala
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $558 million Per capita Income $3, 077
  10. Main Crops : Copra, bananas, taro, sweet potatoes, fish.

SAN MARINO

Most Serene Republic of San Marino ( Independence from Roman Empire on Sep 3rd, 1801 )

  1. Area : 62 sq. km
  2. Location : Central Italy it is a landlocked country
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 31, 887
  4. Capital : San Marino
  5. Language : Italian
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Italian Lira and San Marino Lira
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2007 ) : $1, 662 billion; Per capita income $41, 900
  10. Main Crops : Wheat and other grains, grapes, olive.
  11. Major Products : Textiles, paper, leather, wine, olive oil
  12. Imports : Manufactured consumer goods.
  13. Exports : Building stone, lime, chestnuts, wheat, hides, baked goods.

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe ( Independence from Portugal July 12th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 1,001 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 1,63,000
  4. Capital : Sao Tome
  5. Languages : Portuguese, native dialects
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Dobra
  8. Literacy rate : 84.9%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $196 million; Per capita income $1, 183
  10. Main Crops : Cocoa, copra, coconuts, palm oil, coffee, bananas.
  11. Major Products : Timber, copra
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, textiles, machinery, electrical equipments, fuels, lubricants.
  13. Exports : Cocoa, coffee, copra, palm oil.

General Studies Question Bank CD

SAUDI ARABIA

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ( Kingdom established on Jan 8th, 1926 )

  1. Area : 22,50,070 sq. km
  2. Population ( 2010 ) : 27.136 million
  3. Language : Arabic
  4. Religion : Islam
  5. Currency : Riyal
  6. Literacy rate : 63%
  7. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $578.5 billion; Per capita income $21, 685
  8. Natural Resources : Oil, natural gas, iron ore
  9. Main Crops : Wheat, dates, grains
  10. Major Products : Petroleum, cement, plastic products, steel, packaged goods.
  11. Imports : Manufactured goods, transport equipment, construction materials, processed food.
  12. Exports : Petroleum and petroleum products, wheat.

SENEGAL

Republic of Senegal ( Independence from France Aug 20th 1960 )

  1. Area : 1,96,790 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 13.711 million
  4. Capital : Dakar
  5. Language : French
  6. Religions : Islam ( 91% ), local beliefs ( 3% )
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 39.3%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $13.47 billion; Per capita income $1, 772
  10. Natural Resources : Fish, phosphate
  11. Major Products : Peanut oil, fertiliser, cement, processed food and fish.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, consumer goods, machinery, transport equipment.
  13. 13. Exports : Peanuts, phosphate rock, canned fish.

SEYCHELLES

Republic of Seychelles ( Independence from UK on June 29th, 1976 )

  1. Area : 308 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Indian Ocean
  3. Population (2009) : 84, 000
  4. Capital : Victoria
  5. Languages : Creole, French and English
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Seychelles rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 91.8%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $919 million; Per capita income $10, 714
  10. Main Crops : Coconut, Tea
  11. Major Products : Processed copra and vanilla, coconut oil
  12. Imports : Food, tobacco, machinery, textiles
  13. Exports : Cinnamon, vanilla, copra

SIERRA LEONE

Republic of Sierra Leone ( Independence from UK on April 27th, 1961 )

  1. Area : 71,740 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 6.4 million
  4. Capital : Freetown
  5. Languages : English and Krio
  6. Religion : Islam (60%), local beliefs ( 30% )
  7. Currency : Leone
  8. Literacy rate : 35%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $1, 877 billion; Per capita income $311
  10. Natural Resources : Diamonds, bauxite, iron ore.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, rice
  12. Major Products : Diamonds, bauxite, beverages, cigarette, rutile, construction goods.
  13. Imports : Food, petroleum products, chemicals, capital goods.
  14. Exports : Diamonds, rutile, iron ore, palm kernels, cocoa, coffee.

SINGAPORE

Republic of Singapore ( Seperation from Malaysia on Aug 9th, 1965 )

  1. Area : 707.1 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 5.183 million
  4. Capital : Singapore City
  5. Languages : Malay, Chinese, Tamil and English
  6. Religions : Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Taoism
  7. Currency: Singapore dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 91%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $222.7 billion; Per capita income $43, 867
  10. Main Crops : Rubber, copra, vegetables, fruits.
  11. Major Products : Petroleum refining, oil exploration, ship repair, electronics and other light industry.
  12. Imports : Aircraft, chemicals, foodstuff, manufactured goods, petroleum.
  13. 13. Exports : Electrical machinery, electronics, rubber, computers and computer peripherals, petroleum products.

SLOVAKIA

( Independence from Czechoslovakia on Jan 1st, 1993 )

  1. Area : 49,035 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 5.440 million
  4. Capital : Bratislava
  5. Languages : Slovak, Hungarian and Czech
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 60% ), Protestant ( 8% ), Orthodox( 3% )
  7. Currency : Slovak Koruna
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. : $86.26 billion; Per capita income $15, 906
  10. Natural Resources : Coal,magne site, metallic ore.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Iron and non – ferrous mining, metal processing, ship building, consumer appliances and leather goods.
  13. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, raw materials, chemicals, agricultural products.
  14. Exports : Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, minerals, metals, agricultural products.

SLOVENIA

Republic of Slovenia ( Independence from Yugoslavia on June 25th,1991 )

  1. Area : 20, 251 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 2.048 million
  4. Capital : Ljubljana
  5. Languages : Slovene, Croatian
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic, Protestant, some Eastern Orthodox
  7. Currency : Slovene Tolar
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P : $46.44 billion; Per capita income $23, 009
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, oil, mercury.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, rye, oats, potatoes, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Automobiles, iron and steel, cement, chemicals, textiles,
    furniture, electrical machinery, pharmaceuticals.
  13. Imports : Chemicals, fuels and lubricants.
  14. Exports : Machinery, transport equipment, chemicals.

SOLOMON ISLANDS

( Independence from UK on July 7th, 1978 )

  1. Area : 29,785 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 5, 23, 000
  4. Capital : Honiara
  5. Languages : English, Didgin, other local languages
  6. Religion : Christianity ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Solomon Island Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 60%
  9. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $657 billion; Per capita income $1223
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, gold, bauxite, fish
  11. Main Crops : Rice, copra, cocoa, yams, palm oil.
  12. Major Products : Copra, processed fish
  13. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, foodstuffs, fuel, manufactured goods.
  14. Exports : Fish, timber, copra, palm oil.

SOMALIA

Somali Democratic Republic ( Independence from UK and Italy on June 26th July 1st, 1960 )

  1. Area : 6,37,657 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.925 million
  4. Capital : Mogadishu
  5. Language : Somali
  6. Religion : Islam ( Sunni )
  7. Currency : Somali Shilling
  8. Literacy rate : 37.8%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $5, 896 billion; Per capita income $600
  10. Natural Resources : Uranium, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Bananas, sorghum, cereals, sugarcane, cotton, maize
  12. Major Products : Flour, meat, fish, canned fruit juices.
  13. Imports : Textiles, construction materials and equipment.
  14. Exports : Livestock, skins and hides, bananas.

SOUTH AFRICA

Republic of South Africa ( Independence from UK on May 31st, 1961 )

  1. Area : 12,23,201 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 50.586 million
  4. Capital : Pretoria
  5. Languages : Afrikaans, English and other languages
  6. Religions : Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
  7. Currency : Rand
  8. Literacy rate : 86.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $287, 219 billion; Per capita income
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, diamonds, platinum, uranium, coal, iron ore, phosphates, manganese.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Assembled automobiles, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertiliser, fish.
  13. Imports : Motor vehicle parts, machinery, metals, scientific instruments, chemicals, textiles.
  14. Exports : Gold, diamonds, minerals and metals, food, chemicals.

SPAIN

Kingdom of Spain

  1. Area : 5,04,750 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 46.030 million
  4. Capital : Madrid
  5. Languages : Spanish, Catalan, Basque, Galician
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 97%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $1, 395 trillion; Per capita income 30, 693
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, lignite, waterpower, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluor spar, gypsum, iron ore, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, vegetables, citrus fruits, olives.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, textiles, footwear, petro – chemicals, steel, automobiles, ships.
  13. Imports : Machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, petroleum, automobiles, machinery, iron, steel.
  14. Exports : Fresh fruits, cars and trucks, semi – finished manufactured foods, foodstuffs, machinery, electrical equipment.

SRI LANKA

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Independence from UK on Feb 4th, 1948 )

  1. Area : 65,610 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 20.238 million
  4. Capital : Colombo
  5. Languages : Sinhala, Tamil and English
  6. Religions : Buddhism ( 69% ), Hinduism ( 15% ), Christianity ( 8% ) and Islam ( 8% )
  7. Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 92%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $49.68 billion; Per capita income $2, 435
  10. Natural Resources : Limestone, graphite, gems.
  11. Main Crops : Tea, coconuts, rubber, rice, spices, cotton, oil seeds, wheat, millet.
  12. Major Products : Processed rubber, tea, coconuts, textiles, cement, refined petroleum.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, sugar, fertiliser.
  14. Exports : Petroleum products, gems and jewellery, tea, rubber.

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

Federation of St.Kitts and Nevis ( Independence from UK on Sep 19th, 1983 )

  1. Area : 261 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population : 52, 000
  4. Capital : Besseterre
  5. Languages : English and Patois
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 98%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $557 million; Per capita income $10, 315
  10. Main Crops : Sugarcane, cotton
  11. Major Products : Sugar processing, salt extraction.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels.
  13. Exports : Sugar, molasses, postage stamps.

ST. LUCIA

( Independence from UK on Feb 22nd, 1979 )

  1. Area : 620 sq . km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. 3. Capital : Castries
  4. Languages : English and French Patois
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  7. Literacy rate : 80%
  8. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $973 million; Per capita income $5, 671
  9. Main Crops : Bananas, coconuts, sugar canes, cocoa, spices.
  10. Major Products : Clothing, assembled electronics, beverages.
  11. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fertilisers,petroleum products.
  12. Exports : Bananas, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil.

ST.VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

( Independence from UK on Oct 27th, 1979 )

  1. Area : 390 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population : 120, 000
  4. Capital : Kingstown
  5. Languages : English and French Patois
  6. Religion : Protestantism
  7. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 96%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $567 million; Per capita income $5, 291
  10. Main Crops : Bananas, arrowroot, coconuts.
  11. Major Products : Food processing.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, minerals.
  13. Exports : Bananas, arrowroot, copra, tennis racquets.

SUDAN

Republic of Sudan ( Independence from Egypt and UK on Jan 1st, 1956 )

  1. Area : 18,86,065 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population : 30.89 million
  4. Capital : Khartoum
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religions : Islam ( Sunni 70% ), and local beliefs ( 20% )
  7. Currency : Sudanese Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 61.1%
  9. G.N.P. : $92.83 billion; Per capita income $2, 300
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, copper, chrome, industrial metals.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, peanuts, oil seeds, gum arabic, sorghum, wheat, millet, sugarcane.
  12. Major Products : Cement, textiles, pharmaceuticals, shoes, refined petroleum, gold.
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, machinery and equipment, medicines and chemicals.
  14. Exports : Cotton, peanuts, gum arabic, sesanee.

SOUTH SUDAN

Republic of South Sudan ( Independence from Sudan on July 9th, 2011 )

  1. Area : 6,19,745 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2008 ) : 8.2 million
  4. Capital : Juba
  5. Language : Official – English Others : All South Sudenese indigenous languages
  6. Religions : Christianity, Islam
  7. Currency : South Sudanese Pound
  8. G.D.P. : $13, 227 billion ( Nominal ); Per capita income $1, 546
  9. Natural Resources : Timber, petroleum, iron ore, copper, chronium, zinc, mica.
  10. Main Crops : Cotton, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum, sugarcane, mangoes, banana and sesame.
  11. Exports : Crude oil.

SURINAME

Republic of Suriname ( Independence from Netherlands on Nov 25th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 1.63,820 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east of South America
  3. Population : 5, 20, 000
  4. Capital : Paramaribo
  5. Languages : Dutch, Surinamese, English and Hindi
  6. Religions : Christianity, Hinduism and Islam
  7. Currency : Suriname Guilder
  8. Literacy rate : 93%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $2, 962 billion; Per capita income $5, 675
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, iron ore, timber, fish, shrimp.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, citrus fruits, sugar, coffee.
  12. Major Products : Aluminium, alumina, processed foods, lumber, bricks, cigarettes.
  13. Imports : Capital equipment, petroleum, cotton, foodstuffs, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Bauxite, alumina, aluminium, rice, shrimp, lumber and wood products.

SWAZILAND

Kingdom of Swaziland ( Independence from UK on Sep 6th,1968 )

  1. Area : 17,400 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 1.185 million
  4. Capital : Mbabane
  5. Languages : English and Siswati
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 57% ) and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : Lilangeni
  8. Literacy rate : 81.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $2.98 billion; Per capita income $2, 907
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, diamonds.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, sugarcane, citrus fruits, cotton, sorghum, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Milled sugar, ginned cotton, processed meat and wood.
  13. Imports : Motor vehicles, fuels and lubricants, transport equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Sugar, wood pulp, iron ore, asbestos, cotton, citrus fruits.

SWEDEN

Kingdom of Sweden

  1. Area : 4,49,964 sq. km
  2. Location : Northern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.415 million
  4. Capital : Stockholm
  5. Languages : Swedish, Finnish and Lapp
  6. Religion : Lutheran Protestantism ( 93% )
  7. Currency : Swedish Krona
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. : $337.8 billion; Per capita income $47, 934
  10. Natural Resources : Forests, iron ore, hydroelectric power, zinc, uranium.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, sugar beets, potatoes.
  12. Major Products : Iron and steel, precision equipment, wood pulp and paper products, automobiles.
  13. Imports : Machinery, iron and steel, petroleum, clothing, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Wood pulp, paper products, iron ore, machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, iron and steel products.

SWITZERLAND

Swiss Confederation ( Independence on Aug 1st,1291 )

  1. Area : 41,293 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 7.866 million
  4. Capital : Bern
  5. Languages : German ( 64% ), French ( 19% ), Italian ( 8% ) and Romansch ( 0.6% )
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  7. Currency: Swiss Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. 9. G.D.P. : $512 billion; Per capita income $75, 835
  10. Natural Resources : Water power, timber, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Watches and clocks, precision instruments, machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, generators, turbines.
  13. Imports : Transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, construction materials.
  14. Exports : Machinery and equipment, precision instruments, textiles, foodstuffs, metal products.

SYRIA

Syrian Arab Republic ( Independence in April 17th, 1946 )

  1. Area : 1,85,180 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 22.457 million
  4. Capital : Damascus
  5. Languages : Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian
  6. Religions : Islam ( 74% ni Muslim, 16% Sunni Alawite Druze and other sects ), Christianity 10%
  7. Currency : Syrian Pound
  8. Literacy rate : 79.6%
  9. GDP. ( 2010 ) : $60.2 billion; Per capita income $2, 958
  10. Natural Resources : Chrome, manganese, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, phosphate, oil, gypsum.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, wheat, barley, lentils.
  12. Major Products : Textiles, phosphate, petroleum, processed food soap
  13. Import : Machinery and metal products, textiles, fuels foodstuffs.
  14. Export : Petroleum, textiles, phosphate, farm products.

{tab=Taiwan}
TAIWAN

Republic of China

  1. Area : :36,182 sq.km.
  2. Location : Eastern Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : Taipei
  4. Languages : Mandarin Chinese, Taiwan, Hakkadialects
  5. Religion : Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism
  6. Currency : New Taiwan Dollar
  7. Literacy rate 94%
  8. G.D.P. : $423 billion;Per capita income $18, 300
  9. Natural Resources : Coal, natural gas, limestone, marble.
  10. Main Crops : Rice, yams, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, citrus fruits.
  11. Major Products : Textiles, clothing, chemicals, processed foods, electronic equipment, cement, ships, plywood.
  12. Imports : Machinery, basic metals, crude oil, chemicals.
  13. Exports : Textiles, electrical machinery, plywood.

General Studies Question Bank CD

TAJIKISTAN

Republic of Tajikistan

  1. Area : 1,43,100 sq.km.
  2. Location : Central Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ): 7.995 million
  4. Capital : Dushanbe
  5. Languages : Tajik, Russian
  6. Religion : Sunni Muslim
  7. Currency : Tajik Rouble
  8. Literacy rate 100%
  9. G.D.P.( 2009 ):$15.4billion;Per capita income$2, 100( 2008 )
  10. Natural Resources : Brown coal, lead, zinc, oil, asbestos, mica, corundum and emery, potassium salts.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, grains, fruits, grapes,
  12. Major Products : Aluminium, zinc, lead, cement, vegetableoil, metal cutting machine tools, refrigerators, freezers.
  13. Imports : Chemical machinery and transport equipment, textiles, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Aluminium, cotton, fruits, vegetable oils, textiles.

TANZANIA

United Republic of Tanzania ( Independence from UK )

  1. Area : 9,45,203 sq.km.
  2. Location : East Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 43.739 million
  4. Capital : Dodoma
  5. Languages : Swahili and English
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 40% ), Islam and traditional beliefs.
  7. Currency : Tanzanian Shilling
  8. Literacy rate :69.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $22.38billion;Per capita income $550
  10. Natural Resources : Hydro electric potential, unexploitediron and coal, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops:Coconuts, maize, rice, wheat, cotton, coffee, sisal, cashewnuts, tea, tobacco, pyrethrum, cloves.
  12. Major Products : Textiles, light manufactures, refined oil, processed agricultural products, diamonds, cement, fertiliser.
  13. Imports : Manufactured goods, textiles, machinery and transport equipment, crude oil, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cotton, sisal, diamonds, cloves, cashewnuts.

THAILAND

Kingdom of Thailand

  1. Area : 5,13,115 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 66.720 million
  4. Capital : Bangkok
  5. Languages : Thai
  6. Religion : Buddhism
  7. Currency : Baht
  8. Literacy rate 94%
  9. G.D.P. : $318.85billion;Per capita income $4, 992
  10. Natural Resources : Natural gas, forests, flourite, tin, tungsten, fish.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, rubber, corn, tapioca, sugar, coconuts, pineapples.
  12. Major Products : Textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages,
    tobacco, cement, light manufacturing electric appliances and components.
  13. Imports : Capital goods, intermediate good sandraw materials.
  14. Exports : Machinery and manufactures, agricultural products, fishery products.

TOGO

Republic of Togo ( Independence from France on April 27th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 56.790 sq.km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 6.619 million
  4. Capital : Lome
  5. Languages : French and tribal languages
  6. Religions : Local beliefs( 70% ), Christianity( 20% )
  7. Currency : CF Afranc
  8. Literacy rate 52%
  9. G.D.P.( 2009 ) : $2, 865billion;Per capita income $422
  10. Natural Resources : Marble, phosphate, limestone.
  11. Main Crops : Yams, millet, sorghum, cocoa, coffee, rice, cotton
  12. Major Products : Phosphate, textiles, processed food.
  13. Imports : Consumer goods, fuels, machinery, chemical products, food stuffs.
  14. Exports : Phosphate, cotton, cocoa, coffee.

TONGA

Kingdom of Tonga ( Independence from British on June 4th, 1970 )

  1. Area : 748 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 1, 04, 000
  4. Capital : Nukualofa
  5. Languages : English nd Tongan
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Pa’anga
  8. Literacy rate 93%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ):$728million;Per capita income $7, 060
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, fish
  11. Main Crops : Yam, taro, papaya, pineapples, coconuts, tobacco, peanuts, bananas, copra.
  12. Major Products : Copra, desiccated coconut.
  13. Imports : Manufactures, foodstuffs, machinery.
  14. Exports : Copra, coconut products, vegetables, fruits, bananas.

General Studies Question Bank CD
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago( Independence from UK on Aug 31st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 5,128 sq.km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 1.339 million
  4. Capital : Port of Spain
  5. Languages : English
  6. Religions : Protestantism ( 30% ), Roman Catholicism ( 29% ), Hinduism ( 24% )
  7. Currency : Trinidad Tobago Dollar
  8. Literacy rate 98%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $21.19billion;Per capita income $16, 167
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural, asphalt.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, cocoa, coffee, citrus.
  12. Major Products : Petroleum, processed food, cement.
  13. Imports : Raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods.
  14. Exports : Petroleum and petroleum products, steel products, fertiliser, sugar, cocoa, coffee.

TUNISIA

Republic of Tunisia ( Independence from France on March 20th, 1958 )

  1. Area : 1,64,150 sq.km.
  2. Location : North Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 10, 432 million
  4. Capital : Tunis
  5. Languages : Arabic and French
  6. Religion : Islam ( 98% )
  7. Currency : Dinar
  8. Literacy rate 74%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $43.68 billion;Per capita income $4, 106
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, phosphates, ironore, lead, zinc.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, olives, citrus fruits, grapes, dates.
  12. Major Products : Crude oil, olive oil, textiles and leather, chemical fertilisers, petroleum.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, consumer goods, food stuffs.
  14. Exports : Petroleum, phosphates, textiles.

TURKEY

Republic of Turkey ( Declaration on Oct 29th, 1923)

  1. Area : 7,83,562 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – east Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 73.722 million
  4. Capital : Ankara
  5. Languages : Turkish
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Turkish Lira
  8. Literacy rate 87.4%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $735billion;Per capita income $10, 106
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, chromite, copper, borate, sulphur, petroleum.
  11. Major Products : Textiles, processed foods, steel, petroleum.
  12. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, metals, mineral fuels, fertiliser, chemicals, crude oil.
  13. Exports : Cotton, tobacco, fruits, nuts, livestock products, textiles

TURKMENISTAN

Republic of Turkmenistan ( Independence from USSR on Oct 27th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 4,88,100 sq.km.
  2. Location : Central Asia
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 5.11 million
  4. Capital : Ashgabad ( Ashkhabad )
  5. Languages : Turkmenian, other Turkic languages, Russian
  6. Religion : Sunni Muslim
  7. Currency : Manat
  8. Literacy rate 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $31.96 billion;Per capita income $5, 961
  10. Natural Resources : Ozocerite, oil, coal, sulphur, saltmagnesium.
  11. Major Products : Oilandgas, petro chemicals, fertilisers, food processing, textile.
  12. Imports : Machinery and parts, plastic and rubber textiles.
  13. Exports : Naturalgas, oil, chemicals, cotton, textiles, carpets.

TUVALU

( Independence from UK on Oct 1st, 1978 )

  1. Area : 26sq.km
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean;world’s smallest / independent nation
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 10, 544
  4. Capital : Funafuti
  5. Languages : Tuvaluan, English
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Australian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate 95%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ):$36 million;Per capita income $3, 400
  10. Main Crops : Copra and coconuts.
  11. Imports : Food, fuels, machinery, animals, manufactured goods.
  12. Exports : Copra.

UGANDA

Republic of Uganda ( Independence from UK on Oct 9th, 1962 )

  1. Area : 2,36,040 sq.km.
  2. Location : East Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 32.71 million
  4. Capital : Kampala
  5. Languages : English and Swahili
  6. Religion : Christianity ( 66% )
  7. Currency : Uganda Shilling
  8. Literacy rate 66.8%
  9. G.D.P. : $17.70billion;Per capita income $514
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, cobalt, limestone, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, tea, cotton, sugarcane.
  12. Major Products : Refined sugar, beer, tobacco, cotton, textiles, cement.
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, metals, food.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cotton, tea.

UKRAINE

Republic of Ukraine ( Independence from USSR on Aug 24th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 6,03,700 sq.km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 45.88 million
  4. Capital : Kiev
  5. Languages : Ukrainian, Russian
  6. Religions : Orthodox (Autocephalous and Russian ( 76% ), Roman Catholic(14%), with other Christian and Muslim minorities
  7. Currency : Hyrvna
  8. Literacy rate 99.4%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $136.5 billion;Per capita income $3, 003
  10. Natural Resources : Ironore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, kaolin, nickel, mercury.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Steel, rolled metal products, steel pipes, cement, sulphuric acid, refrigerators, washing machines and vacuum cleaners.
  13. Imports : Machinery and parts, transportation equipment, chemicals and textiles.
  14. Exports : Coal, electric power, ferrous and non – ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery and transportation equipment, grain and meat.

UNITED ARABEMIRATES

( Estd.on Dec 2nd, 1971 )

  1. Area : 82,880 sq.km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2010 ): 8.264 million
  4. Capital : Abu Dhabi
  5. Languages : Arabic
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Dirham
  8. Literacy rate 79%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $252.7 billion;Per capita income $49, 995
  10. Natural Resources : Oil
  11. Main Crops : Vegetables, dates.
  12. Major Products : Light manufactures, petroleum, construction materials.
  13. Imports : Machinery, consumer goods, food, capital goods.
  14. Exports : Petroleum, dates, fish, natural gas.
  • UNITED KINGDOMUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    1. Area : 2,44,108 sq.km.
    2. Location : North – west Europe
    3. Population ( 2010 ) : 62.26 million
    4. Capital : London
    5. Languages : English, Welsh and Gaelic
    6. Religion : Christianity
    7. Currency : Euro
    8. Literacy rate 100%
    9. G.D.P.( 2010 ): $2.480 billion;Per capita income $39, 604
    10. Natural Resources : Coal, oil, gas.
    11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beets.
    12. Major Products : Machinery and transport equipment, metals, processed food, paper, textiles, chemicals,
      clothing aircraft, ship building, electronics and communications.
    13. Imports : Food stuffs, machinery, manufactured goods, semi – finished goods.
    14. Exports : Machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, manufactured goods, semi – finished goods.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

( Independence from UK on July 4th,1776 )

  1. Area : 98,26,630 sq.km.
  2. Location : North America and Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 312.540 million
  4. Capital : Washington
  5. Languages : English with asizeable Spanish – speaking minority
  6. Religion : Christianity ( 85% )
  7. Currency : US Dollar
  8. Literacy rate 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $15, 065 trillion;Per capita income $48, 147
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, oil, copper, gold, silver, minerals, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, barley, oats, sugar canes, potatoes, soyabeans, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Petroleum products, fertilisers, cement, pigiron and steel, plastics and resins, news print, motor vehicles, machinery, natural gas, electricity.
  13. Imports : Crude and partly refined petroleum, machinery, automobiles.
  14. Exports : Machinery, chemicals, air crafts, military equipment, cereals, motor vehicles, grains.

URUGUAY

Oriental Republic of Uruguay ( Independence from Brazil on Aug 25th, 1825 )

  1. Area : 1,76,215 sq.km.
  2. Location : East Central part of South America
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 3.494 million
  4. Capital : Montevideo
  5. Languages : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( 66% )
  7. Currency : Nuevo Peso
  8. Literacy rate 97%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $49.42 billion;Per capita income $14, 671
  10. Natural Resources : Hydro electric power potential.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, citrus fruit, rice, tobacco, oats and linseed.
  12. Major Products : Processed meat, wool and hides, textiles, shoes, hand – bags and leather wearing apparel, cement, refined petroleum.
  13. Imports : Crude, petroleum, transportation equipment, chemical, machinery, metals.
  14. Exports : Meat, hides, fish.

UZBEKISTAN

Republic of Uzbekisktan ( Independence from USSR on Sep 1st, 1991 )

  1. Area : 4,47,400 sq.km.
  2. Location : Central Asia
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 27.606 million
  4. Capital : Tashkent
  5. Languages : Uzbek
  6. Religion : Sunni Muslim
  7. Currency : Som
  8. Literacy rate 97%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $37, 290 billion Per capita income $1, 320
  10. Natural Resources : Natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton
  12. Major Products : Agricultural machinery, cement, textiles, paper, ferro concrete.
  13. Imports : Machinery and parts, consumer durables, grain and other food.
  14. Exports : Cotton, gold, textiles, chemicals, mineral fertilisers, vegetable oil.

VANUATU

Republic of Vanuatu ( Independence from France and UK on July 30th, 1980)

  1. Area : 14,763 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – West Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 2, 24, 564
  4. Capital : Vila
  5. Languages : English, French and Bislama
  6. Religion : Christianity(70%)
  7. Currency : Vanuatu Vatu
  8. Literacy rate 53%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $721 million;Per capita income $2, 835
  10. Main Crops : Copra, cocoa, coffee
  11. Imports : Machines and vehicles, raw materials, fuel, machinery.
  12. Exports : Copra, cocoa, coffee, frozen fish.

VATICAN CITY STATE

( Independence from Italy on Feb 11th, 1929 )

  1. Area : :44ha / 109 acres ( 0.4 sq.km. )
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 829
  4. Capital : Vatican City
  5. Languages : Latin and Italian
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate 100%

VENEZUELA

Republic of Venezuela

  1. Area : 9,12,050 sq.km.
  2. Location : North of South America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 29.105 million
  4. Capital : Caracas
  5. Languages : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( 92% )
  7. Currency : Bolivar
  8. Literacy rate 91%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $285.2 billion;Per capita income $9, 773
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural gas, ironore, gold, hydro electric power.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, coffee, corn, sugar, bananas.
  12. Major Products : Refined petroleum products, iron and steel, paper products, cement, aluminum, textiles, transport equipment.
  13. Imports : industrial machinery and equipment manufactures, chemicals, food stuffs.
  14. Exports : Petroleum, ironore, bauxite.

VIETNAM

Socialist Republic of Vietnam ( Independence from Japan on Sep 2nd, 1945 )

  1. Area : 3,31,690 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 90.549 million
  4. Capital : Hanoi
  5. Languages : Vietnamese
  6. Religions : Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Roman Catholicism Portuguese
  7. Currency : Dong
  8. Literacy rate 94%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $104.6 billion;Per capita income $1, 168
  10. Natural Resources : Forests, coal.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, rubber, fruits and vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, textiles, cement, chemical fertilisers, glass, tyres.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, steel products, railroad equipments, chemicals, medicines, raw cotton, fertilisers, grains.
  14. Exports : Agricultural products, coal, minerals.

YEMEN

Republic of Yemen ( Estd.on May 22nd, 1990 )

  1. Area : 5,31,570 sq.km.
  2. Location : South – westerntip of the Arabian Peninsula
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 23.580 million
  4. Capital : Sana / Aden
  5. Languages : Arabic
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Rial
  8. Literacy rate 50.2%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $25.13 billion;Per capita income $1, 061
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, sulphur, coal, quartz.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, sorghum, cattle, sheep, cotton, fruits, coffee, dates.
  12. Major Products : Crude and refined oil, textiles, leather goods, handicrafts.
  13. Imports : Food stuffs, textiles and other manufactured consumer goods, sugar, grain, flour.
  14. Exports : Cotton, coffee, hides and skins, vegetables, dried fish.

ZAMBIA

Republic of Zambia ( Independence from UK on Oct 24th, 1964 )

  1. Area : 7,52,620 sq.km.
  2. Location : South Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 12.935 million
  4. Capital : Lusaka
  5. Languages : English and local languages
  6. Religions : Christianity ( over50% ), local beliefs
  7. Currency : Kwacha
  8. Literacy rate 80.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $13.0 billion;Per capita income $1, 086
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, zinc, lead, cobalt, coal.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, tobacco, rice, fruits, sugarcane.
  12. Major Products : Copper, chemicals, textiles, fertilisers.
  13. Imports : Manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, foods tuffs, fuels.
  14. Exports : Copper, zinc, lead, cobalt, tobacco.

ZIMBABWE

Republic of Zimbabwe ( Independence from UK on Nov 11th, 1965 )

  1. Area : 3,90,759 sq.km.
  2. Location : South Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 12.523 million
  4. Capital : Harare
  5. Languages : English
  6. Religions : Tribal beliefs and Christianity
  7. Currency : Zimbabwe Dollar
  8. Literacy rate 90.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $5.57 billion;Per capita income $475
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, copper, chrome, nickel, tin, asbestos.
  11. Main Crops : Tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cotton.
  12. Major Products : Steel, textiles, chemicals, vehicles.
  13. Imports : Machinery, petroleum products, transport equipment, foods tuffs.
  14. Exports : Gold, tobacco, asbestos, copper, meat, chrome, nickel, corn, sugar.

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