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Nations of the World

AFGHANISTAN

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan ( Independence from UK on Aug 19th, 1919 )

  1. Area : 6,47,500 sq. km.
  2. Location : It is located in Central Asia landlocked country
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 29.12 million Kabul
  4. capital : Kabul
  5. Religion : Islam, mostly Sunni ( 99.5% )
  6. Currency : Afghani
  7. Literacy rate : 28.1%
  8. G.P.P. ( 2010 ) : 5,541 billion; Per capita income $515
  9. Natural Resources : Natural gas, coal, oil, sulphur, lead, zinc, copper, salt.
  10. Main Crops : Wheat, cotton, fruits, nuts and wool
  11. Major products : shoes, textiles, soap, furniture, cement, coal.
  12. Imports : Yarns, textiles, petroleum products and food supplies.
  13. Exports : Raw cotton, natural gas, carpets, fresh and dried fruits.
  14. Languages : Pakhto ( Pushtu ) Dari, Persian, other TurkicReligion.

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ALBANIA

Republic of Albania ( Independence from Ottomon Empire on Nov 28th, 1912 and from Italy in 1944 )

  1. Area : 28,748 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3.65 million
  4. Capital : Tirana
  5. Languages : Albanian, Greek
  6. Religion : Atheist state
  7. Currency : Lek
  8. Literacy rate : 98.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $13.92 billion; Per capita income $4,131
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, oil, chrome, copper and nickel
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, corn, potatoes, sugar beets, cotton, tobacco.
  12. Major products : Textiles, timber, leather goods, petrol, construction materials.
  13. Imports : Chemical products, machinery, equipment and spare parts
  14. Exports : Metals, minerals, plant and animal products, electricity, fuels.

ALGERIA

People’s Democratic and Republic of Algeria ( Independence from France in July 5th, 1962 )

  1. Area : 23,81,741 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – west Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 36.4 million
  4. capital : Algiers HHB
  5. Languages : Arabic ( official ), Berber, French
  6. Religion : Islam ( 99% )
  7. Currency : Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 69.9%
  9. G.D.P : $157.7 billion; Per capita income $4,366
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, lead, zinc, mercury.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, fruits dates, pomegranates and figs.
  12. Major products : Fertilisers, petrochemicals, iron and steel, textiles, transport equipments.
  13. Imports : Food, capital and consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Petroleum and gas, refined products condensates.

ANDORRA

Principality of Andorra

  1. Area : 468 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Europe
  3. Population : 86,00
  4. capital : Andorra la Vieille
  5. Languages : Catalan, French, Spanish
  6. Religion : Christianity ( 90% )
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2008 ) : $4.22 billion; Per capita income $44,900
  10. Natural Resources : Water power, mineral water
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, potatoes and tobacco
  12. Major products : Iron, lead, alum, stone, electric power.

ANGOLA

Republic of Angola ( Independence from Portugal on Nov 11th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 12,46,700 sq. km.
  2. Population ( 2011 ) : 13,338,541
  3. capital : Luanda
  4. Languages : Portuguese, Bantu
  5. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 68% ) and Protestant ( 20% ) and Tribal
  6. Currency : Kwanza
  7. Literacy rate : 67.4%
  8. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $85.31 billion; Per capita income $8,200 Natural Resources Diamonds, gold, iron, oil
  9. Main Crops : Millet, maize, bananas, cassava, coffee, cotton, oil, palm and sisal.
  10. Major products : Oil, textiles, brewing, cement, sugar.
  11. Imports : Bulk iron, steel and metals.
  12. Exports : Crude oil, coffee, diamonds, refined oil, Iron or timber, corn, gas, fish.

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

( Independence from UK in Nov 1st, 1981 )

  1. Area : 442 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean sea
  3. Population : 88,000
  4. Capital: St. John’s ( on Antigua )
  5. Languages : English and Patois
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 85.4% G.D.P. ( 2010 ) $1,105 billion; Per capita income $12,848
  9. Major products : Cotton, fans, refrigerators and rum
  10. Imports : Fuel, food, machinery
  11. Exports : Clothing, rum, lobsters

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ARGENTINA

The Argentine Republic ( Independence from Spain on July 9th, 1816 )

  1. Area : 27,80,403 sq. km.
  2. Location : South east of South America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) :40.134 million
  4. Capital : Buenos Aires
  5. Languages : Spanish, Italian, English
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic, with Protestant and Jewish minorities
  7. Currency : Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 97.2% G.D.P. ( 2011 ) $435.2 billion; Per capita income $10,639
  9. Natural Resources : Minerals, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, oil, uranium
  10. Main Crops : Grains, linseed, maize, grapes, tobacco, rice, citrus fruits, sugar
  11. Major products : Motor vehicles, textiles, chemicals, processed foods, consumer durables
  12. Imports : Machinery and electric equipment, crude oil, iron andsteel products
  13. Exports : Mineral oils, meat, corn, wheat, wool, hides, oil,fats, fuel.

ARMENIA

Republic of Armenia ( Independence from USSR in Aug 23rd, 1990 )

  1. Area : 29,800 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Caucasus
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3.26 million
  4. Capital : Yerevan
  5. Language : Armenian
  6. Religions : Christian ( Armenian Church ), Russian Orthodox
  7. Currency : Dram
  8. Literacy rate :99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $9.4 billion; Per capital income $2,846
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, Zinc, aluminium, molybdenum, marble, granite, cement.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, olive, almonds, grapes, cotton.
  12. Major products : Chemical, food industries, carpet weaving, textiles, cement

AUSTRALIA

Commonwealth of Australia

  1. Area: 77,41,220 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southwest Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2011 ) :22.738 million
  4. Capital : Canberra
  5. Language : English
  6. Religions : Anglican ( under 30% ), Roman Catholic ( over 25% )
  7. Currency : Australian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ): $1.23 trillions; Per capital income $55,589 Natural Resources Gold, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, lead, tin, coal, oiluranium, timber.
  10. Main Crops : Sugar, cereals, grapes, wheat.
  11. Major products : Machinery, motor vehicles, iron and steel, textiles,chemicals.
  12. Imports : Petroleum and petroleum products, machinery, chemicals, appliances.
  13. Exports : Coal, wool, metal ores, wheat, sugar, beef.

General Studies Question Bank CD

AUSTRIA

Republic of Austria

  1. Area : 83,872 sq. km.
  2. Location: Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 8.414 million
  4. capital : Vienna
  5. Languages : German, Slovene
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 98%
  9. G.D.P ( 2011 ) : $405 billion; Per capital income $48,350
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, petroleum, timber, magnesite, aluminium,coal, lignite, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, sugar beets, potatoes, livestock, forest products.
  12. Major products : Iron and steel, chemicals, machinery, paper and pulp.
  13. 13. Imports : Machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, fuel, foodstuffs.
  14. 14. Exports : Iron and steel products, timber, paper, textiles, electro technical machine, chemical products

AZERBAIJAN

Republic of Azerbaijan ( Independence from USSR in Aug 30th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 86.600 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern area of Transcaucasia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.16 million
  4. capital : Baku
  5. Languages : Azerbaijani, Turkie, Russian
  6. Religion : Shiite Muslim
  7. Currency : Manat
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $72.18 billion; Per capital income $7,914
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, iron, aluminium, copper, lead, zinc, precious metals, limestone, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, cotton, rice, grapes, fruits, vegetable, tobacco and silk
  12. Major products : Iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum, cement and textiles.

BAHAMAS

Commonwealth of the Bahamas ( Independence from UK on July 10th, 1973 )

  1. Area : 13,940 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Atlantic Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 318,658 million
  4. capital : Nassau
  5. Language : English
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Bahamian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 95.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $7.5 billion; Per capital income $21,985
  10. Natural Resources : Salt, aragonite, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Fruits and vegetables.
  12. Major products : Pharmaceutical products, petroleum
  13. Imports : Crude oil, foodstuffs, manufactured,goods.
  14. Exports : Lobster, fish, pharmaceuticals, cement, rum

BAHRAIN

State of Bahrain ( Independence from UK in , Aug 15th, 1971 )

  1. Area : 665 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population : 1.23 million
  4. capital : Manama
  5. Languages : Arabic, English, Farsi
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Bahrain Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 86.5%
  9. G.D.P. : $22.65 billion; Per capital income $20,474
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, fish
  11. Main Crops : Fruits and vegetables, alfalfa, dates.
  12. Major products : Petroleum processing and refining, aluminium smelting, ship repairing
  13. Imports : Machinery, oil industry equipment, motor vehicles,foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Oil, aluminium, fish.

BANGLADESH

People’s Republic of Bangladesh ( Independence from West Pakistan in March 26th, 1971 )

  1. Area : 570 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 164.4 million
  4. capital : Dhaka
  5. Languages : Bengali, Chakma, Magh
  6. Religions : Islam ( mainly Sunnis ), Hinduism and Buddhism
  7. Currency : Taka
  8. Literacy rate : 43.1%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $104.9 billion; Per capital income $638
  10. Natural Resources : Natural gas, uranium, timber
  11. Main Crops : Rice, jute, potatoes, tea, sugar, wheat
  12. Major products : Jute goods, textiles, leather, sugar, fertiliser, paper, pharmaceuticals.
  13. Imports : Foodgrains, fuels, raw cotton, yarn, manufactured goods.
  14. Exports : Jute goods, jute, tea, leather, seafood.

BARBADOS

( Independence from UK in Nov 30th, 1966 )

  1. Area : 431 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 2.86 million
  4. capital : Bridgetown
  5. Language : English
  6. Religion : Protestantism
  7. Currency : Barbados Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 99.7%
  9. G.D.P. : $3,963 billion; Per capital income $ 14,326
  10. Main Crops : Sugarcane, subsistence foods
  11. Major products : Light manufacturers, sugar milling, food processing, beverages, rum, beer.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, consumer durables, raw Materials, machinery, crude oil, Chemicals.
  13. Exports : Sugar and molasses, chemicals, electric Components, Machinery and transport equipments, Clothing

BELARUS

Republic of Belarus ( Independence from USSR in Aug 25th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 2,07,600 sq.km
  2. Location : Situated along the Western Dvina and Dnieper
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9,577,552
  4. capital : Minsk
  5. Languages : Belorussian ( Official), Russian
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic, Orthodox
  7. Currency : Belorussian rouble
  8. Literacy rate : 99.6%
  9. G.D.P. : $131.2 billion; Per capital income $ 5,800
  10. Natural Resources : Rock salt, peat briquettes
  11. Major products : Grains, milk, meat, eggs, vegetables

BELGIUM

Kingdom of Belgium ( Independence on Oct 14th, 1830 )

  1. Area : 30,528 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 11.007 million
  4. capital : Brussels
  5. Languages : Dutch, French, German
  6. Religion : 75% Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $465.6 billion; Per capital income $42,630
  10. Natural Resources : Coal
  11. Main Crops : Oats, rye, wheat, potatoes, barley and sugar beets.
  12. Major products : Fabricated metal, iron and steel machinery, textiles,Chemicals.
  13. Imports : Fuels, grains, chemicals, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Chemicals, iron and steel products,pharmaceuticals, diamonds, textile products.

BELIZE

( Independence from UK on Sep 21st, 1981 )

  1. Area :22,966 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. population ( 2010 ) : 3.32 million.
  4. Capital : Belmopan
  5. Language : English, Spanish, Creole dialects
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic ( 60% )
  7. Currency : Belize dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 93%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $2.65 billion; Per Capitaincome $7,895
  10. Natural Resources : Timber
  11. Main Crops : Rice, sugarcane, citrus fruits, corn, Molasses, bananas, livestock.
  12. Major products : Processed foods, sugar, furniture, rum, soap
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, textiles, machinery, fuels, Transportatione, quipment.
  14. Exports : Sugar, molasses, fish, citrus fruits, Clothing, lumber

BENIN

Republic of Benin ( Independence from France on Aug 1st, 1960 )

  1. Area :1,12,622 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. population :8.93 million
  4. Capital : Porto Novo
  5. Language : French and African Language :s
  6. Religion : Animism, Christianity and Islam
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 37%
  9. G.D.P. : $13.99 billion; Per Capitaincome $1,451
  10. Natural Resources : Lowgrade iron Ore, limestone, some offshore oil.
  11. Main Crops : Oil palms, kernels, peanuts, coffee, cotton, corn, rice, tobacco, yarn, maize, fish, livestock.
  12. Major products : Processed palm oil, palm kernel oil.
  13. Imports : Clothing, consumer goods, fuel, stuffs, lumber, machinery, Transportation equipment.
  14. Exports : Palm and agricultural products.

BHUTAN

Kingdom of Bhutan ( Formation on Dec 17th, 1907 )

  1. Area :47,000 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Asia; landlocked country
  3. population : ( 2011) 7.08 million
  4. Capital : Thimphu
  5. Language : Dzongkha, Lhotsam, Nepalese, English
  6. Religion : Lamaistic Buddhism (75%), Buddhis, influenced, Hinduism ( 25% )
  7. Currency : Ngultrum
  8. Literacy rate : 47%
  9. G.D.P. :$3.87 billion; Per Capitaincome $5,429
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, hydro – electric power, limestone, marble, dolomite, graphite, slate.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, millet, wheat, barley, maize, cardamom,potatoes, oranges, apples.
  12. Major products : Food industry, cement, handicrafts.
  13. Imports : Fuel, machinery, vehicles.
  14. Exports : Cardamom, gypsum, handicrafts, fruits, timber, cement.

BOLIVIA

Republic of Bolivia ( Independence from Spain on Aug 6th, 1825 )

  1. Area : 10,98,580 sq. km.
  2. Location : West – Central South America
  3. population : ( 2010 )10.9 million
  4. Capital : Legal and Judicial Sucre; Administrative – La Paz
  5. Languages : Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Boliviano
  8. Literacy rate : 83.1%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $19.3 billion; Per Capitaincome $1,858
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural gas, tin, lead, copper, zinc,bismuth, antimony, silver, sulphur, tungsten, gold, ironore.
  11. Main Crops : Potatoes, sugarcane, co ffee, corn
  12. Major products : Refined petrole um, processed foods, tin,textiles, clothing
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, Capital goods,pharmaceuticals, chemicals, transport equipments.
  14. Exports : Tin, lead, zinc, silver, antimony, gold, coffee, sugar,cotton, natural gas, petroleum

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Independence from Yugoslavia in March 1st, 1992 )

  1. Area :51,129 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe, bounded in the north and west by Croatia
  3. population : ( 2010 )3.8 million
  4. Capital : Sarajevo
  5. Language : Bosnian, Serbo – Croatian
  6. Religion : Sunni Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Mark
  8. Literacy rate : 86%
  9. G.D.P. : $18.29 billion; Per Capitaincome $ 4,702
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, lignite, iron, bauxite, lead, zinc, mercury and manganese.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, maize, tobacco, potatoes and plums.
  12. Major products : Cement, cotton, fabric, cars, sugar and TV sets.

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BOTSWANA

Republic of Botswana ( Independence from UK on Sep 30th, 1966 )

  1. Area : 6,00,370 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa
  3. population ( 2010 ) : 2.03 million
  4. Capital : Gaborone
  5. Language : English, Setswana
  6. Religion : Tribal beliefs and Christianity
  7. Currency : Pula
  8. Literacy rate : 70.0%
  9. G.D.P. : $14.03 billion; Per Capita income $7,627
  10. Natural Resources : Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda, ash, potash, coal.
  11. Main Crops : Sorghum, corn, millet, beans, cow peas.
  12. Major products : Diamonds, copper, coal, frozen beef, potash.
  13. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals, mineral fuels, textiles, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Meat products, diamonds, hides, copper, nickel.

General Studies Question Bank CD

BRAZIL

The Federative Republic of Brazil ( Independence from Portugal on September 7th, 1822 )

  1. Area : 85,14,877 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central and East South America. It is the fifth largest country in the world.
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 192.3 million
  4. Capital : Brasilia
  5. Languages : Portuguese, English
  6. Religion : 70% Roman Catholic, remainder Protestant or Spiritualist
  7. Currency : Real ( BRC )
  8. Literacy rate : 88.6%
  9. G.D.P. :$20, 517 trillion; Per Capita income $12,916
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, rice, tobacco, sugarcane, cocoa, soyabeans.
  12. Major products : Steel, chemicals, petrochemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cement, lumber.
  13. Imports : Wheat, aluminium, petroleum, machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals.
  14. Exports : Coffee, iron ore, sugar, beef, soyabeans, transport equipment, machinery, cocoa, beans, footwear.

BRUNEI

State of Brunei Darussalam ( Independence from UK on Jan 1st, 1984 )

  1. Area : 5,765 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. population : 4.0 million
  4. CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
  5. Languages : Malay, Chinese, English
  6. Religion :Islam
  7. Currency : Brunei dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 92.7%
  9. G.D.P. : $13,022 billion; Per Capitaincome $31,238
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, Natural gas
  11. Main Crops : Fruits, rice, pepper, vegetables
  12. Major products : Crude petroleum, liquified natural gas.
  13. Imports : achinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Crude petroleum, liquefied natural gas


BULGARIA

Republic of Bulgaria ( Independence in 1908 )

  1. Area : 10,900 sq. kn
  2. Location : South – east Europe
  3. population :7.36 million
  4. Capital : Sofia
  5. Language : Bulgarian
  6. Religions : Officially atheist, but religious background of people is 85% Bulgarian Orthodox and 13% Muslim
  7. Currency : Lev
  8. Literacy rate : 98.2%
  9. G.D.P. : $54,271 billion; Per capita income $7,243
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, iron ore, offshore oil, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops : Tobacco, vegetables, grains.
  12. Major products : Machinery, textiles, clothing, processed agricultural products.
  13. Imports : Machinery, fuels, metals
  14. Exports : Agricultural products, raw materials

BURKINA FASQ

( Independence from France on Aug 5th, 1960 )

  1. Area :2,74,200 sq. km.
  2. Location :West Africa
  3. population :15.757 million
  4. CapitalOuagadougou
  5. Languages : French and Sudanic tribal
  6. Religions : Mainly tribal beliefs, with Islam and Christianity
  7. Currency : West African CFA Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 19%
  9. G.D.P. : $8,781 billion; Per capita income $597
  10. Natural Resources : Manganese, limestone, marble, gold, uranium, bauxite, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Millet, sorghum, corn, rice, peanuts, sugarcane, cotton.
  12. Major products : Processed agricultural products, light industrial items, brick, brewed products.
  13. Imports : Textiles, food and consumer goods,machinery. transport equipment,fuel.
  14. Exports : Livestock, peanuts, cotton.

General Studies Question Bank CD

BURUNDI

Republic Burundi ( Independence from Belgium on July 1st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 27.830 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa, It is a landlocked country
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 10.2 million
  4. Capital : Bujumbura
  5. Languages : Kirundi and French
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 62% ), local beliefs ( 32% )
  7. Currency : Burundi franc.
  8. Literacy rate : 35%
  9. G.D.P. : $1,489 billion; Per capita income $180
  10. Natural Resources : Nickel, kaolin, gold, unexploited copper and platinum deposits.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, tea, cotton, bananas, sorghum.
  12. Major products : Light consumer goods,
  13. Imports : Producer goods, consumer goods, transport equipment, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Coffee, tea, cotton.

CAMBODIA

Kingdom of Cambodia ( Independence from France on Nov 9th, 1953 )

  1. Area : 1,81,035 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southeast Asia
  3. population : ( 2011 )14.80 million
  4. Capital : Phnom Penh
  5. Currency : Riel
  6. Language : Khmer French
  7. Religion : Theravada Buddhism
  8. Literacy rate : 73.6%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $11,629 billion; Per capita income $1,040
  10. Natural Resources :Timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphate.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, rubber, corn
  12. Major products : Milled rice, wood and rubber
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, Fuel, machinery
  14. Exports : Natural rubber, rice, pepper, wood

General Studies Question Bank CD
CAMEROON

Republic of Cameroon ( Independence from France & UK on Jan, 1960 & Oct 1st, 1961 )

  1. Area :4.75,440 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Central Africa
  3. population : ( July ’09 )19 52 million
  4. Capital : Yaounde
  5. Languages : French, English
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 35% ), local beliefs ( 25% ), Muslim ( 22% )
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 67.9%
  9. G.D.P. : $22.47 billion; Per capita income $1,100
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, bauxite, some oil.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, cocoa, corn, peanuts.
  12. Major products : Crude oil products, aluminium, small manufacturing consumer goods.
  13. Imports : Consumer goods, machinery, food,beverages, fuel, tobacco.
  14. Exports : Cocoa, coffee, timber, aluminium, petrole

CANADA

( Independence from UK on July 1st, 1867 )

  1. Area : 99,84,670 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northern half of North America
  3. population : ( 2011 )34.634 million
  4. Capital : Ottawa
  5. Languages : English, French
  6. Religion s : 49% Roman Catholic, 18% United Church,12% Anglican
  7. Currency : Cannadian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) $1,574 trillion; Per capita income $46,215
  10. Natural Resources : Nickel, zinc, silver, iron, copper, cobalt uranium, lead and gold.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, oats.
  12. Major products : Chemicals, wood products, petroleum, transportation equipment.
  13. Imports : Electronic equipment, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Wheat, petroleum, lumber and wood products, motor vehicles.

CAPE VERDE

Republic of Cape Verde ( Independence from Portugal on July 5th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 4,033 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Atlantic Ocean
  3. population : 0.567 million
  4. Capital : Praia
  5. Languages : Portuguese, Creole
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Escudo
  8. Literacy rate : 76.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $1,867 billion; Per capita income $3,469
  10. Natural Resources : Salt, siliceous rock.
  11. Main Crops : Bananas, corn, sugarcane, coconuts.
  12. Major products : Fishing
  13. Imports : Machinery, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Fish, textiles.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Republic of Central Africaine ( Independence from France on Aug 13th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 6,22,984 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa population : ( 2009 ) – 4.422 million
  3. Capital : Bangui
  4. Languages : French and Sango
  5. Religions : Christianity ( 50% ), with local and Muslim beliefs
  6. Currency : CFA franc
  7. Literacy rate : 48.6%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2010) : $2,018 billion; Per capita income $700
  9. Natural Resources : Diamonds, timber.
  10. Main Crops : Cotton, coffee, peanuts, food crops.
  11. Major products : Textiles, soap, cigarettes, diamonds, processed food timber.
  12. Imports : Machinery and electrical equipment, petroleum products, textiles.
  13. Exports : Diamonds, cotton, timber, coffee.

CHAD

Republic of Chad ( Independence from France in August 11th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 12,84,640 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northern Africa
  3. population ( 2009 ) : 11.274 million
  4. Capital : N’djamena
  5. Languages : French and Arabic and tribal Language :s
  6. Religions : Islam, Tribal beliefs and Christianity
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 47.5%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $7.84 billion; Per capita income $707
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, unexploited uranium, kaolin.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, sugarcane.
  12. Major products : Textiles, cigarettes, livestock products.
  13. Imports : Food, motor vehicles and parts, petroleum products, machinery, cement, textiles.
  14. Exports : Cotton, livestock and animal products.

CHILE

Republic of Chile ( Independence from Spain in Sep 18th, 1810 )

  1. Area : 7,56,950 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southwest of South America
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 16.99 million
  4. Capital : Santiago
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 77% ), Protestant ( 13% )
  7. Currency : Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 95.7%
  9. G.D.P. : $203.8 billion; Per capita income $ 11,828
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, wheat, corn, sugarbeets, vegetables.
  12. Major products : Iron and steel, pulp, paper, processed fish, transportation Equipment.
  13. Imports : Vehicles, petroleum,
  14. Capital : goods.
  15. Exports : Copper, iron ore, paper and wood products, fruit

CHINA

People’s Republic of China ( Republic declared in 1911 )

  1. Area : 96,40,821 sq. km.
  2. Location : Centre of Asia
  3. population ( 2010 ) : 1.334.08 million
  4. Capital Beijing
  5. Languages : Standard Chinese or Mandarin Yue ( Camtonese ), Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan, Hakka
  6. Religions : Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism and ancestor worship ( officially atheist )
  7. Currency : Yuan or Kuai
  8. Literacy rate : 90.9%
  9. G.D.P. : $6,988 trillion; Per Capita income $5,184
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, metals, hydropower potential.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, wheat, grains, cotton.
  12. Major products :Iron and steel, textiles, armaments, petroleum.
  13. Imports : Grains, chemical, fertiliser, steel, industrial raw material, machinery and equipment.
  14. Exports : Agricultural products, petroleum, minerals, metals, textiles, garments, telecommunications.

COLOMBIA

Republic of Colombia ( Independence from Spain on July 20th, 1810 )

  1. Area : 1,38,910 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northwest of South America
  3. population : ( 2010 )45.174 million
  4. Capital : Bogota
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Mainly Roman Catholic
  7. Currency : Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 92%
  9. G.D.P. :$285.5 billion; Per capita income $6,273
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, silver, emerald.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, bananas, rice, corn, sugarcane, Cotton, tobacco, flowers,
  12. Major products : Textiles, processed food, beverages, chemicals, metal products, cement.
  13. Imports : Machinery, electrical equipment, chemical products, metals and metal products.
  14. Exports : Coffee, fuel oil, cotton, bananas.

COMOROS

Federal and Islamic Republic of the Comoros ( Independence from France on July 6th, 1975 )

  1. Area :2,170sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Indian Ocean
  3. population ( 2010 ) : 0.79 million
  4. Capital : Moroni
  5. Languages : Arabic, French and Kiswahili
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 56.5%
  9. G.D.P. :$534 million; Per capita income $802
  10. Main Crops : Copra, coconuts, cloves, cinnamon, yarns, vanilla.
  11. Major products : Perfume distillations.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, fuel, cotton, textiles, cement.
  13. Exports : Perfume essences, vanilla, copra,cloves.

CONGO

People’s Republic of the Congo (Independence from France on Aug 15th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 3,42,000 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Central Africa
  3. population ( 2009 ) : 3.683 million
  4. Capital : Brazzaville
  5. Languages : French, Lingala, Congo and Kiswahili
  6. Religions : Tribal and Christian ( 54% Roman Catholic, 25% Protestant )
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 83.8%
  9. G.D.P. : $11,530 billion; Per capita income $2,983
  10. Natural Resources : Wood, potash, petroleum, natural gas Main Crops : Sugarcane, banana, coffee, cocoa, peanuts.
  11. Major products : Refined oil, cigarettes, cement,beverages, milled sugar.
  12. Imports : Machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured consumer goods, iron and steel, foodstuffs.
  13. Exports : Oil, lumber, veneer and plywood.

COSTA RICA

Republic of Costa Rica ( Independence from Spain in Sep 15th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 51,100 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 4.608 million
  4. Capital : San Jose
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Colon
  8. Literacy rate : 96%
  9. G.D.P. : $35.78 billion; Per capita income $7,843
  10. Natural Resources : Timber
  11. Main Crops : Bananas, coffee, sugarcane, rice, corn, cocoa.
  12. Major products : Processed foods, textiles, construction materials, fertiliser.
  13. Imports : Manufactured products, machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels, fertiliser, transportation equipment.

CUBA

Republic of cuba ( Independence from Spain in May 20th, 1902 )

  1. Area : 1,10,922 sq. km.
  2. Location : Island pf the Caribbean sea
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 11.241 million
  4. Capital : Havana
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : 40% Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 99.8%
  9. G.D.P. : $57.49 billion; Per Capita income $5,100
  10. Natural Resources : Metals, Primarily nickel, Timber
  11. Main Crops : Fruits, coffee, sugarcane, rice,
  12. Major products : Sugar, textiles, construction materials, Chemical, Metals
  13. Imports : Capital equipments, Industrial Manufactured products, machinery, chemicals,

CYPRUS

Republic of Cyprus ( Independence on Aug 16th, 1960 )

  1. Area :9.251 sq. km.
  2. Location :Eastern Mediterranean Sea
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 0.803
  4. Capital : Nicosia
  5. Language : Greek, Turkish, English
  6. Religion : Greek Orthodox Church and Islam
  7. Currency : Cyprus Pound
  8. Literacy rate : 97.6%
  9. G.D.P. : $23.19 billion; Per capita income $28,256
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, gypsum, building stone, marble clay, salt
  11. Main Crops : Citrus fruits, potatoes, vine products other vegetables.
  12. Major products : Beverages, footwear, clothing, cement, Mining.

Imports : Petroleum products, foodstuffs, Transportation equipment, manufactured goods

CZEXH REPUBLIC

( Independence from Czechoslovakia in Jan 1st, 1993 )

  1. Area : 78,866 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 10,535 million
  4. Capital : Prague
  5. Language : Czech with several minorities
  6. Religion : 39% Roman Catholic, Protestant 2%
  7. Currency : Koruna
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. :$192.15 billion; Per capita income $18,288
  10. Natural Resources : Hard coal, Kaolin, clay, graphics
  11. Main Crops : Fruits, coffee, sugarcane, rice, daily Farming
  12. Major products : Sugar, beets, textiles, construction Materials, Chemical, Metals

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

( Formerly Republic of Zaire Independence from Belgium in June 30th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 23,45,410 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 71.71 million
  4. Capital : Kinshasa
  5. Language : French
  6. Religion : Christianity 70%
  7. Currency : Zaire
  8. Literacy rate : 67.2%
  9. G.D.P. : $13.125 billion; Per capita income $186
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, cobalt, Zinc, tin, gold
  11. Main Crops : Mineral, Consumer
  12. Imports : Fuels, foodstuffs, consumer goods
  13. Major products : Cobalt, Diamonds, Coffee, Petroleum

DENMARK

kingdom of Denmark

  1. Area : 43,094 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northern Europe
  3. population ( 2011 ) : 5.564 million
  4. Capital : Copenhagen
  5. Language : Danish
  6. Religion : Lutheranism ( 88% )
  7. Currency : Krone
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $310.76 billion; Per capita income $56,147
  10. Natural Resources : Crude oil, natural gas, zinc, lead, coal, Molybdenum, cryolite, uranium.
  11. Main Crops : Grains
  12. Major products : Electronics, chemicals, textiles, Industrial and construction ,equipment.
  13. Imports : Industrial raw materials, fuel, machinery and equipment, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Meat and dairy products, industrial achinery, textiles and clothing, Chemical products.

DJIBOUTI

Republic of Djibouti ( Independence from France June 27th, 1977 )

  1. Area : 23,000 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. population ( 2009 ) : 0.864 million
  4. Capital : Djibouti
  5. Languages : Arabic, French, Afar, Somali
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Djibouti franc
  8. Literacy rate : 67.9%
  9. G.D.P. (2010) : $1,140 billion; Per capita income $1,383
  10. Natural Resources : Salt
  11. Major products : Port and maritime support, Construction.
  12. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, Foodstuffs.
  13. Exports : Hides, cattle, coffee (in transit from

General Studies Question Bank CD
DOMINICA

Commonwealth of Dominica ( Independence from UK in Nov 3rd, 1978 )

  1. Area : 754 sq. km.
  2. Location : Caribbean Sea
  3. population : ( 2009 ) 0.72 million
  4. Capital : Roseau
  5. Languages : English and French
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : East Caribbean dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 94.1%
  9. G.D.P. : ( 2010 ) $376 million; Per capita income $5,167 Ethiopia
  10. Major products : Agricultural processing
  11. Imports : Machinery and equipment, Manufactured goods, foodstuffs, Chemicals.
  12. Exports : Bananas, lime juice
  13. Main Crops : Bananas, citrus fruits, coconuts, cocoa., Coconut oil, cocoa, soap

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