General Knowledge : World Nations : World Nations Capitals

World Nations Capitals

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DOMINICIAN REPUBLIC

Capitals of Nations

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

( Independence from Haiti in  Feb 27th, 1844 )

  1. Area : 48,730 sq. km.
  2. Location : Caribbean sea
  3. Population (2010) : 10.09 million
  4. Capital : Santo Domingo
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Peso Oro
  8. Literacy rate : 87%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $54.91 billion; Per capita income $5,855
  10. Natural Resources : Nickel, gold, silver.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, Bananas.
  12. Major products : Processed sugar, textiles, cement, nickel, bauxite and gold mining.
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, petroleum, industrial raw materials, chemicals  and pharmaceuticals.
  14. Exports : Sugar, nickel, coffee, tobacco, Gold, cocoa, bauxite.


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EAST TIMOR

Republic of Ecuador ( Independence from Portugal in Nov 28th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 15,410 sq. km.
  2. Location : East Timor is a half island with the enclave of Oecussi ( located within the Indonesian province of West Timor ). The land area is 14,874 sq. km.
  3. Terrain : East Timor is extremely mountainous with a steep coastline, particularly in the north.
  4. Population ( 2011 ) : 18.22 million
  5. Capital : Dili
  6. Languages : Portuguese, Tetum, Bahasa & English
  7. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( Protestants, Muslims, Buddhists and Hindus also living ).
  8. Currency : Euro
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $709 million; Per capita income $648
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, Natural gas, Fisheries and Timber.
  11. Main Crops : The vegetation varies from jungle to Sparse scrub and areas of subsistence crops and coffee plantations.
  12. Major products : Consumer goods.

ECUADOR

Republic of Ecuador ( Independence from Spain on May 24th, 1822 )

  1. Area : 2,56,370 sq. km.
  2. Location : North-west of South America
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 15.0 million Capital : Quito
  4. Languages : Spanish, Quechua
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : Sucre
  7. Literacy rate : 90%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $64,831 billion; Per capita income $4,921
  9. Natural Resources : Petroleum, fish, silver, gold.
  10. Main Crops : Bananas, coffee, cocoa, sugarcane, fruits, corn, potatoes, rice.
  11. Major products : Processed foods, textiles, fish, chemicals, petroleum.
  12. Imports : Agricultural and industrial machinery, industrial raw materials, foodstuff, chemical pacts, transportation and communication equipment.
  13. Exports : Petroleum, shrimp, bananas, coffee, cocoa, fish products.


EGYPT

Arab Republic of Egypt ( Independence from UK in Feb 28th, 1922 )

  1. Area : 10,02,450 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 81.015 million
  4. Capital : Cairo
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religions : Mainly Sunni Muslim, minority largely Coptic Christian
  7. Currency : Gold Egyptian pound
  8. Literacy rate : 71.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $231,111 billion; Per capita income $2,892
  10. Natural Resources : Crude oil, natural gas, manganese, iron ore, phosphates, gypsum, tungsten.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, wheat, rice, corn.
  12. Major products : Textiles, processed foods, tobacco manufactures, chemicals, fertilisers, petroleum products.
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery, fertilisers, wood.
  14. Exports : Cotton, rice, petroleum, cement, manufactured

EL SALVADOR

Republic of El Salvador ( Independence from Spain in Sep 15th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 21,040 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. Population : 6.163 million
  4. Capital : San Salvador
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Colon
  8. Literacy rate : 80.2%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $21.70 billion; Per capita income $3,700
  10. Natural Resources : Hydro and geothermal power, crude oil.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, cotton, corn, sugar, rice, sorghum.
  12. Major products : Processed foods, clothing and textiles, petroleum products.
  13. Imports : Machinery, automotive vehicles, petroleum, foodstuffs, fertiliser.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cotton, sugar.

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Republic of Equatorial Guinea ( Independence from Spain in Oct 12th, 1968 )

  1. Area : 28,051 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Central Asia
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 6.76 million
  4. Capital : Malabo
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 80%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $14,006 billion; Per capita income $20,200
  10. Natural Resources : Wood, crude oil.
  11. Main Crops : Cocoa, wood, coffee.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, textiles, machinery.
  13. Exports : Cocoa, wood, coffee.

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ERITREA

( Independence from Italy in Nov, 1941 )

  1. Area : 1,17.600 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Eastern Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 5.824 million
  4. Capital : Asmara
  5. Languages : Arabic, English and several local languages notably Tigre, Tigrinya, Danakil, Saho
  6. Religions : Islam ( 50% ) and Coptic Christianity ( 50% )
  7. Currency : Nafka
  8. Literacy rate : 23%
  9. G.D.R ( 2010 ) : $2,117 billion; Per capita income $397
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, copper, potash, iron ore, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, wheat and coffee.
  12. Major products : Textile, leather and food products

ESTONIA

Republic of Estonia ( Independence from USSR in Aug 20th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 45,227 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 134 million
  4. Capital : Tallinn
  5. Languages : Estonian, Russian
  6. Religions : Evangelical Lutheran, with Orthodox minorities
  7. Currency : Kroon
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $20.32 billion; Per capita income $19,375
  10. Natural Resources : Oil  – shale deposits, peat, timber, phosphates.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, potatoes, vegetables.
  12. Major products : Steel, timber, paper, cement, fabrics, hosiery, footwear, knitwear.

ETHIOPIA

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

  1. Area : 11,04,300 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 82.101 million
  4. Capital : Addis Ababa
  5. Language : Amharic
  6. Religions : Islam ( 40 – 50% ), Ethiopian Orthodox ( 35 – 40% )
  7. Currency : Ethiopian Birr
  8. Literacy rate : 42.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $29.71 billion; Per capita income $350
  10. Natural Resources : Potash, copper, gold, platinum.
  11. Main Crops : Copper, barley, wheat, corn, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds.
  12. Major products : Cement, cotton textiles, refined sugar, processed foods, refined oil.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, pharmaceuticals, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Coffee, leather products, gold, petroleum.

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FIJI

Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji ( Independence from UK in  Oct 10th, 1970 )

  1. Area :18,274 sq. km.
  2. location : South Central Pacific
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 8.49 million
  4. Capital : Suva
  5. Language : English
  6. Religions : Methodist, Roman Catholic, Hindu, Islam
  7. Currency : Fijian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 93.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $3.13 billion; Per capita income $3,518
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, fish, gold, silver.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, copra, rice, ginger.
  12. Major products : Refined sugar, gold, lumber.
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Sugar, copra, processed fish, lumber, gold, clothing.

FINLAND

Republic of Finland ( Independence from Russian Empire in March 29th, 1809 )

  1. Area : 3,38,145 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northern Europe
  3. Population : 5.349 million
  4. Capital : Helsinki
  5. Languages : Finnish ( 94% ), Swedish ( 6% )
  6. Religion : Lutheran Christianity
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.R ( 2010 ) : $239,232 billion; Per capita income $34,585
  10. Natural Resources : Timber
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, grains.
  12. Major products : Metal manufactures, forestry and wood products, refined copper, ships, electronics.
  13. Imports : Petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transportation equipment, machinery, textile yarns.
  14. Exports : Timber, paper and pulp, ships, machinery, iron and steel, clothing, footwear.

FRANCE

Republic of France

  1. Area : 6,74,843 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 65.821 million
  4. Capital : Paris
  5. Language : French
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( 90% )
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.R ( 2011  ) : $2,808 trillion; Per capita income $44,400
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, iron ore, bauxite, fish, forests.
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, food grains, vegetables, fruits.
  12. Major products : Chemicals, automobiles, processed foods, iron and steel, aircraft, textiles, clothing.
  13. Imports : Machinery, crude petroleum, chemicals, agricultural products.
  14. Exports : Textiles, and clothing, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, agricultural products.

GABON

Gabonese Republic ( Independence from France in Aug 17th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 2,67,668 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 1.475 million
  4. Capital : Libreville
  5. Language : French and Bantu dialects
  6. Religions : Christianity and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 63%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $13,056 billion; Per capita income $8,724
  10. Natural Resources : Wood, petroleum, iron ore, manganese, uranium.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, peanuts, wood, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, rice, bananas.
  12. Major products : Petroleum, natural gas, processed wood, manganese, uranium.
  13. Imports : Mining and road building machinery, electrical equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, transport vehicles, illicit drugs.
  14. Exports : Crude petroleum, wood and wood products, manganese, uranium.

THE GAMBIA

Republic of the Gambia ( Independence from UK in Feb 18th, 1965 )

  1. Area :10,380 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 1.797 million
  4. Capital : Banjul
  5. Language : English
  6. Religion : Islam ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Dalasi
  8. Literacy rate : 39%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $1,067 billion; Per capita income $616
  10. Natural Resources : Fish
  11. Main Crops : Peanuts, rice, palm kernels.
  12. Major products : Processed peanuts
  13. Imports : Textiles, foodstuffs, tobacco, machinery, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Peanuts and peanut products, fish.

GEORGIA

Republic of Georgia

  1. Area : 69,700 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Europe
  3. Population  ( 2010 ) : 4.636 million
  4. Capital : Tbilisi
  5. Languages : Georgian ( official ), Russian
  6. Religion : Georgian Church
  7. Currency : Lari
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $11.66 billion; Per capita income $2,658
  10. Natural Resources : Lignite, coal, iron and copper ores, potash.
  11. Main Crops : Citrus fruits, grapes, sugar, vegetables, grains.
  12. Major products : Raw steel, rolled steel, cement, lumber, machine tools, Electronic locomotives.
  13. Imports : Machinery and parts, fuel, transport equipment, textiles.
  14. Exports : Citrus fruits, tea and other agricultural products.

GERMANY

Federal Republic of Germany

  1. Area : 3,57,021 sq. km.
  2. location : Northern Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 82.002 million
  4. Capital : Berlin
  5. Language : German
  6. Religions : Christianity, 43% Roman Catholic, 42% Lutheran
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $3,628 trillion; Per capita income $44,555
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, coal.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, sugar beets.
  12. Major products : Iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, ship vehicles.
  13. Imports : Manufactured and agricultural products, raw materials, fuels.
  14. Exports : Machines and machine tools, chemicals, motor Vehicles, iron and steel products.

GHANA

Republic of Ghana ( Independence from UK in March 6th, 1957 )

  1. Area : 2,38,537 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 24.23 million
  4. Capital : Accra
  5. Languages : English with several African languages
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 43% ), Islam ( 12% ) and local beliefs ( 38% )
  7. Currency : Cedi
  8. Literacy rate : 65%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $37.48 billion; Per capita income $1,542
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish.
  11. Main Crops : Cocoa, coconuts, cassava, yam, rice, rubber.
  12. Major products : Mining products, cocoa products, aluminium.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, textiles and manufactured goods, food, fuels, industrial raw materials, machinery, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Cocoa beans and products, gold, timber, aluminium, bauxite, manganese ore.

GREECE

The Hellenic Republic ( Independence from Ottoman Empire March 25th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 1,31,990 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 11.30 million
  4. Capital : Athens
  5. Language : Greek
  6. Religion : Greek Orthodox ( 98% )
  7. Currency : Drachma
  8. Literacy rate : 96%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $318.08 billion; Per capita income $27,302
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, crude oil, marble.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, vegetables, olives, olive oil, tobacco, cotton.
  12. Major products : Textiles, chemicals, food processing.
  13. Imports : Machinery and automotive equipment, petroleum consumer goods, chemicals, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Fruits, textiles, tobacco.

GRENADA

( Independence from UK in Feb 7th, 1974 )

  1. Area : 344 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population : 0.108 million
  4. Capital : St. George’s
  5. Languages : English and French – African patois
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Eastern Caribbean dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $674 million; Per capita income $6,542
  10. Main Crops : Cocoa, nutmeg, spices, bananas, coconuts, sugarcane and citrus fruits.
  11. Major products : Textiles, rum
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery, building materials.
  13. Exports : Nutmeg, cocoa, beans, bananas, mace.

GUATEMALA

Republic of Guatemala ( Independence from Spain in  Sep 15th,1821 )

  1. Area : 1,08,890 km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 14.027 million
  4. Capital : Guatemala City
  5. Languages : Spanish and Indian dialects.
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Quetzal
  8. Literacy rate : 69.1%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $41,471 billion; Per capita income $2,887
  10. Natural Resources : Nickel, timber, crude oil, shrimp.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, beans, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, bananas, timber.
  12. Major products : Sugar, textiles, construction materials, tyre chemicals, petroleum, pharmaceuticals.
  13. Imports : Fuels and lubricants, industrial machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cotton, sugar, bananas.

GUINEA

Republic of Guinea ( Independence from France in Oct 2nd, 1958 )

  1. Area : 2,45,875 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 10.601 million
  4. Capital : Conakry
  5. Language : French with several local languages widely spoken
  6. Religions : Islam ( 85%) and local beliefs ( 24% )
  7. Currency : Guinea franc
  8. Literacy rate : 36% in French, 60% in local languages
  9. G.D.P. : $4,633 billion; Per capita income $448
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, water power
  11. Main Crops : Rice, cassava, millet, corn, coffee, bananas, palm products, pineapples.
  12. Major products : Bauxite, alumina, light manufactured and processed goods.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, textiles.
  14. Exports : bauxite, alumina, pineapples, bananas, coffee.

GUINEA – BISSAU

Republic of Guinea – Bissau ( Independence from Portugal in Sep 24th, 1973 )

  1. Area : 36,544 sq. km
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 1.647 million
  4. Capital : Bissau
  5. Languages : Portuguese with many African languages
  6. Religions : Local beliefs ( 54% ), Islam ( 38% )
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 58%
  9. G.D.P. : $837 million; Per capita income $508
  10. Natural Resources : Potential bauxite deposits
  11. Main Crops : Root crops, rice, coconuts, peanuts, palm oil.
  12. Major products : Food processing, beer, soft drinks.
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, transportation equipment, petroleum.
  14. Exports : Peanuts, coconuts, shrimp, fish, wood.

GUYANA

Co – operative Republic of Guyana ( Independence from UK in May 26th, 1966 )

  1. Area : 2,14,970 sq. km.
  2. location : North – east of South America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 0.762 million
  4. Capital : Georgetown
  5. Language : English ( official )
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 52% ), Hindu ( 37% ), Muslim ( 9% )
  7. Currency : Guyana Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $2.2.15 billion; Per capita income $2,868
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood, timber, shrimp.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, rice.
  12. Major products : Bauxite, alumina.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, food, machinery.
  14. Exports : Sugar, bauxite, alumina, rice, timber

HAITI

Republic of Haiti ( Independence from France in Jan 1st, 1804 )

  1. Area : 27,750 sq. km.
  2. Location : Caribbean Sea
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 10.033 million
  4. Capital : Port – au – Prince
  5. Languages : French and Creole
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism, Voodo
  7. Currency : Gourde
  8. Literacy rate : 52%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $6,632 billion; Per capita income $673
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum.
  12. Major products : Refined sugar, textiles, cement, light assembly products.
  13. Imports : Consumer goods, foodstuffs, industrial equipments, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Coffee, light industrial products, sugar, cocoa, sisal.

HONDURAS

Republic of Honduras ( Independence from Spain in Sep 15th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 1,12,492 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 8.24 million
  4. Capital : Tegucigalpa
  5. Languages : Spanish and some Indian dialects
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Lempira
  8. Literacy rate : 77%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $15.34 billion; Per capita income $2,015
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, gold, silver, lead, zinc, antimony.
  11. Main Crops : Bananas, coffee, sea food, citrus, sugarcane, tobacco.
  12. Major products : Industrial products, textiles, and clothing, wood products.
  13. Imports : Manufactured goods, machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals, petroleum.
  14. Exports : Bananas, coffee, lumber, meat, petroleum products, tobacco, sugar, shrimp and lobster.

 

HUNGARY

HUNGARY

Republic of Hungary

  1. Area : 93,030 sq. km.
  2. Location : East Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.9 million
  4. Capital : Budapest
  5. Language : Magyar ( official )
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 67% ), Calvinist ( 20% )
  7. Currency : Forint
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $128.9 billion; Per capita income $12,879
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite and iron
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, potatoes, sugar beet, vegetables, wine grapes, fruits.
  12. Major products : Steel, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, transport equipment.
  13. Imports : Machinery, raw materials.
  14. Exports : Machinery and tools, industrial and consumer goods, raw materials.


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ICELAND

Republic of Iceland ( Independence from Denmark in Feb 1st, 1904 )

  1. Area : 1,03,000 sq. km.
  2. Location : North Atlantic Ocean
  3. Population : 0.319 million
  4. Capital : Reykjavik
  5. Language : Icelandic ( official )
  6. Religion : Lutheran Protestantism ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Krona
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P.  ( 2010 ) : $12,594 billion; Per capita income $39,025
  10. Natural Resources : Fish, diatomite, hydroelectric and geo – thermal power.
  11. Main Crops : Potatoes, turnips and hay
  12. Major products : Processed aluminum, fish
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, machinery, transportation equipment, food, textiles.
  14. Exports : Fish, animal products, aluminum.

INDIA

Republic of India ( Independence from British Colonial rule in  Aug 15th, 1947 )

  1. Area : 32,87,590 sq. km. .
  2. Location : South Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 1.21 billion
  4. Capital : New Delhi
  5. Languages : Hindi ( official ), Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu ( all recognised by the Constitution )
  6. Religions : Hinduism ( 80% ), Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, etc.
  7. Currency : Indian Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 74%
  9. G.D.P ( 2011 ) : $1,843 trillion; Per capita income $1,527
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, coal, manganese, mica, bauxite, limestone.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, wheat, oilseeds, cotton, tea.
  12. Major products : Jute, processed food, steel, machinery, transport machinery, ement.
  13. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, crude oil, edible oils.
  14. Exports : Gems and jewellery, engineering goods, leather manufactures, tea, textiles and clothing.

INDONESIA

Republic of Indonesia ( Independence in  Aug 17th, 1945 )

  1. Area : 19,19,440 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 237.424 million
  4. Capital : Jakarta
  5. Languages : Bahasa Indonesian, Dutch, English, Javanese and more than 583 regional languages.
  6. Religions : Islam ( 90% ), Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism
  7. Currency : Rupiah
  8. Literacy rate : 85%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $822,631 billion; Per capita income $3,464
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, timber, nickel, natural gas, tin, bauxite, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, Cassava, rubber, coffee, palm oil, tea.
  12. Major products : Petroleum, timber, rubber, textiles, food and beverages, light manufactures, cement, fertiliser.
  13. Imports : Rice, wheat, iron and steel, chemicals, textiles.
  14. Exports : Petroleum and liquid natural gas, timber, rubber, coffee, tin.

IRAN

Islamic Republic of Iran

  1. Area : 16,48,195 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 75.330 million
  4. Capital : Teheran
  5. Languages : Persian ( Farsi ), with several minority languages
  6. Religion : Islam ( 93% Shiite, 5% Sunni )
  7. Currency : Rial
  8. Literacy rate : 83%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $357.22 billion; Per capita income US$4,740
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, gas, iron, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, rice, sugar beets, cotton, dates, raisins.
  12. Major products : Crude and refined oil, textiles, cement, petrochemicals, processed foods, steel and copper fabrication.
  13. Imports : Machinery, military supplies, foodstuffs, chemicals, pharmaceuticals.
  14. Exports : Petroleum, carpets, fruits, nuts, hides.

IRAQ

Republic of Iraq ( Independence from Ottoman Empire in Oct 1st, 1919 )

  1. Area : 4,38,317 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 30.399 million
  4. Capital : Baghdad
  5. Language : Arabic ( official )
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 74,1%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $82.15 billion; Per capita income $2,563
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, natural gas, gypsum, phosphates, sulphur.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, sugarcane, rice.
  12. Imports : Manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, livestock.
  13. Exports : Foodstuffs, petroleum.

IRELAND

Republic of Ireland ( Independence from UK in April 24th, 1916 )

  1. Area :70,273 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northeast Atlantic Ocean
  3. Population : 6.197 million
  4. Capital : Dublin
  5. Languages : Irish Gaelic and English
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic ( 92% )
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $164.6 billion; Per capita income $37,700
  10. Natural Resources : Zinc, lead, natural gas, crude oil, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver.
  11. Main Crops : Barley, sugar beets, grains, potatoes, vegetables, fruits.
  12. Major products : Processed foods, beverages, metals and engineering, electronics, tobacco, chemicals.
  13. Imports : Grains, petroleum products, machinery, phosphates, cereals, chemicals, textile yarn.
  14. Exports : Livestock, meat, dairy products, machinery, chemicals, processed foods, manufactured goods, raw materials and minerals.

ISRAEL

State of Israel ( Independence from British Mandate of Palestine )

  1. Area : 20,770 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 7.797 million
  4. Capital : Jerusalem
  5. Languages : Hebrew, Arabic
  6. Religions : Judaism ( 85% ) and Islam ( 11% ), Christianity and others ( 4% )
  7. Currency : New Israeli Shekel
  8. Literacy rate : 97%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $245.2 billion; Per capita income $32,297
  10. Natural Resources : Sulphur, copper, rock salt, phosphates, potash, bromine.
  11. Main Crops : Citrus and other fruits, vegetables.
  12. Major products : Processed foods, cut diamonds, clothing and textiles, chemicals, metal products, transport and electrical equipment, plastics.
  13. Imports : Rough diamonds, chemicals, machinery, iron and steel, cereals, textiles, vehicles, ships, aircraft.
  14. Exports : Polished diamonds, citrus and other fruits, clothing and textiles, processed foods, high technology products, computerised medical equipment, military hardware, fertiliser and chemical products.

General Studies Question Bank CD

ITALY

Italian Republic

  1. Area : 3,01,338 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 60.68 million
  4. Capital : Rome
  5. Languages : Italian, German in Trentino – Alto Adige, French inValle dAosta, and Slovene in Trieste – Gorizia
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $1,828 trillion; Per capita income $30,165
  10. Natural Resources : Mercury, potash, fish, gas, marble.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, rice, corn, vegetables, grapes, olives, citrus fruits.
  12. Major products : Automobiles, machinery, chemicals, textiles, shoes.
  13. Imports : Chemicals, petroleum, industrial machinery, foodstuffs, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, wool, cotton.
  14. Exports : Metals, engineering, textiles, foodstuffs, transport equipment, chemicals, footwear.

General Studies Question Bank CD

JAMAICA

( Independence from UK in Aug  6th, 1962 )

  1. Area : 10,991 sq. km.
  2. Location : Caribbean Sea
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 2.847 million
  4. Capital : Kingston
  5. Languages : English, Jamaican Creole
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Jamaican Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 88%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $13,694 billion; Per capita income $5,039
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, gypsum.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, citrus fruits, bananas, spices, coconuts, coffee, cocoa.
  12. Major products : Bauxite, textiles, processed foods, light manufactures.
  13. Imports : Fuels, machinery, transport and electrical equipment, food, fertiliser.
  14. Exports : Alumina, bauxite, clothing, sugar, citrus fruits, rum, cocoa.

JAPAN

  1. Area : 3,77,873 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 127.960 million
  4. Capital : Tokyo
  5. Language : Japanese
  6. Religions : Shinto, Buddhism
  7. Currency : Yen
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.R ( 2011 ) : $5,855 trillion; Per capita income $45,774
  10. Natural Resources : Fish
  11. Main Crops : Rice, vegetables, fruits, sugar.
  12. Major products : Machinery and equipment, metals and metal products, textiles, autos, chemicals, electrical and electronic equipment.
  13. Imports : Fossil fuels, metal ore, raw materials, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment.
  14. Exports : Machinery and equipment, automobiles, metals and metal products, textiles, consumer electronics.

JORDAN

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan ( Independence from British League of Nations in May 25th, 1946 )

  1. Area : 89,342 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 6.407 million
  4. Capital : Amman
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religions : Islam ( Sunni 95% ), with Christian and other minorities
  7. Currency : Jordanian Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 90%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $27,527 billion; Per capita income $4,499
  10. Natural Resources : Phosphate, potash.
  11. Main Crops : Barley, fruits, vegetables, olive oil.
  12. Major products : Phosphate, refined petroleum products, cement.
  13. Imports : Textiles, capital goods, foodstuffs, motor vehicles, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Phosphates, fruits and vegetables, shale oil, fertiliser, livestock

KAZAKHSTAN

Republic of Kazakhstan ( Independence from USSR in Dec 16th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 27,24,900 sq. k
  2. Location : West Russia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 16.600 million
  4. Capital : Astana
  5. Languages : Kazakh, Russian, German.
  6. Religions : Sunni Muslim, Russian Orthodox, Protestant
  7. Currency : Tenge
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $180,147 billion; Per capita income $10,951
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, lead, zinc, coal, tungsten, oil, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, manganese.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, spring wheat, meat, cotton, wool.
  12. Major products : Extractive industries ( oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, gold, silver phosphates. )
  13. Imports : Machinery and parts, industrial materials.
  14. Exports : Oil, ferrous and non – ferrous metals, chemicals, wool,, grain wheat.

KENYA

Republic of Kenya ( Independence from UK in Dec 12th, 1963 )

  1. Area : 5,80,367 sq. km.
  2. Location : East Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 41.070 million
  4. Capital : Nairobi
  5. Languages : English, Swahili, Kikuyu and several other languages
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 66% ), local beliefs ( 26% )
  7. Currency : Kenya shilling
  8. Literacy rate : 85%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $32,163 billion; Per capita income $809
  10. Main Crops : Coffee, sisal, tea, pine apples, cotton, pyrethrum.
  11. Major products : Textiles, procesed foods, consumer goods, refined oil.
  12. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, crude oil, iron and steel products.
  13. Exports : Coffee, tea, foodstuffs, refined petroleum.

KIRIBATI

Republic of Kiribati ( Independence from UK in July 12th,1979 )

  1. Area :726 sq. km
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean
  3. Capital : Bariki
  4. Languages : English and Gilbertese
  5. Religion : Christianity
  6. Currency : Australian Dollar
  7. Literacy rate : 92%
  8. G.D.R ( 2010 ) : $147 million; Per capita income $1,479
  9. Natural Resources : High grade phosphate deposits.
  10. Main Crops : Copra, vegetables.
  11. Imports : Foodstuffs, fuel, transportation equipment.
  12. Exports : Fish, copra.

KOREA ( NORTH )

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea ( Independence declared in March 1st, 1919 )

  1. Area : 1,20,540 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Asia
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 24.051 million
  4. Capital : Pyongyang
  5. Language : Korean
  6. Religions : Buddhism and Confucianism
  7. Currency : Won
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $28.2 billion; Per capita income $1,244
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, iron ore, hydroelectric power.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, rice, vegetables.
  12. Major products : Machines, electric power, chemicals, textiles, fertilisers, metallurgical products.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Minerals, chemicals and metallurgical products.

 

KOREA  ( SOUTH )

Republic of Korea ( Independence declared in Mar 1st, 1919 )

  1. Area : 100,032 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 48.875 million
  4. Capital : Seoul
  5. Language : Korean
  6. Religions : Buddhism, Christianity, Shamanism and Confucianism
  7. Currency : Won
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.R ( 2011 ) : $1,164 trillion; Per capita income $23,749
  10. Natural Resources : Molybdenum, lead, tungsten, graphite, coal, hydro power.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, barley.
  12. Major products : Clothing and textiles, processed foods, chemical fertilisers, chemicals, plywood, steel, electronics equipment.
  13. Imports : Transport equipment, textiles, oil, grains, chemicals, Electronics, machinery.
  14. Exports : Textiles, electric and electronics, steel, ships.

KOSOVO

Republic of Kosovo ( Independent*from  Feb 17th,  2008 )

  1. Area : 10,908 km2
  2. Location : South Europe
  3. Population (2011) : 1,733,872
  4. Capital : Pristina
  5. Language : Albanian Serbian
  6. Religions : Islam, Christianity
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. G.D.P. (2010) : $5,601 billion; Per capita income $3,103
  9. Natural Resources : Coal

KUWAIT

State of Kuwait ( Independence from UK in June 19th, 1961 )

  1. Area : 17,820 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3.56 million
  4. Capital : Kuwait City
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religion : Islam ( 85% )
  7. Currency : Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 93.3%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $131.3 billion; Per capita income $36,412
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, fish, shrimp.
  11. Major products : Crude and refined oil, fertiliser, petro – chemicals, Building materials, salt.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, automobiles, building materials, machinery, textiles.
  13. Exports : Crude and refined petroleum, shrimp.

KYRGYZSTAN

Republic of Kyrgyzstan ( Independence from USSR in Aug 31st, 1991 )

  1. Area : 1,98,900 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 5.587 million
  4. Capital : Bishkek
  5. Languages : Kyrgyz, Russian
  6. Religion : Sunni Muslim
  7. Currency : Som
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $4,615 billion; Per capita income $863
  10. Natural Resources : Earth metals and gold
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, cotton, grapes, sugar beets , tobacco
  12. Major products : Electrical engineering, hydroelectric power, agricultural machinery, washing machines.

LAOS

Lao People’s Democratic Republic ( Independence from France in  July 19th, 1949 )

  1. Area : 2,36,800 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia, landlocked country
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 6.8 million
  4. Capital : Vientiane
  5. Language : Lao
  6. Religions : Buddhism, animism
  7. Currency : Kip
  8. Literacy rate : 68.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $15.69 billion; Per capita income $2,435
  10. Natural Resources : Tin, timber, hydroelectric power.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, corn, vegetables.
  12. Major products : Tin, timber, tobacco, textiles, electric power.
  13. Imports : Rice, foodstuffs, petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Electric power, forest products, tin concentrate, coffee, gypsum, cardamom, clothing and textiles.

LATVIA

Republic of Latvia ( Independence from Russia & Germany in Nov 18th, 1918 )

  1. Area : 64,600 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. population ( 2010 ) : 2.254 million
  4. Capital : Riga
  5. Language : Latvian
  6. Religion : Predominantly Evangelical Lutheran
  7. Currency : Lats
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P : $24.04 billion; Per capita income $10,694
  10. Natural Resources : Peat, sapropel, timber, limestone, dolomite and clay
  11. Main Crops : Oats, barley, rye, potatoes, flax, sugarbeet.
  12. Major products : Machinery and metal working, electrical equipment, agricultural engineering, light industry, timber and paper, building materials and chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, chemicals, machinery.

LEBANON

Republic of Lebanon ( Independence from France in Nov 26th,  1941 )

  1. Area : 10,452 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population : 4.224 million
  4. Capital : Beirut
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religions : Christianity and Islam
  7. Currency : Lebanese Pound
  8. Literacy rate : 95%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $42.53 billion; Per capita income $10,746
  10. Main Crops : Wheat, fruits, corn, barley, potatoes, tobacco, olives, onions.
  11. Major products : Processed foods, textiles, cement, chemicals, refined oil.
  12. Imports : Metals, machinery, foodstuffs, transport equipment.
  13. Exports : Fruits, vegetables, textiles, chemicals, refined oil.

LESOTHO

Kingdom of Lesotho ( Independence from UK in Oct 4th, 1966 )

  1. Area : 30,355 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Africa
  3. population ( 2009 ) : 2.067 million
  4. Capital : Maseru
  5. Languages : English and Sesotho
  6. Religions : Christianity (90%) and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : Loti (matoti)
  8. Literacy rate : 71%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $2,127 billion; Per capita income $836
  10. Natural Resources : Diamonds
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, sorghum, barley.
  12. Major products : Food processing
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, building materials, clothing, vehicles, machinery
  14. Exports : Wool, mohair, wheat, cattle, diamonds, hides and skins.

General Studies Question Bank CD
LIBERIA

Republic of Liberia

  1. Area : 1,13,370 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 3.786 million ,
  4. Capital : Monrovia
  5. Languages : English and Tribal dialects
  6. Religions : Local beliefs
  7. Currency : Liberian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 42.5%
  9. G.D.P. : $974 million; Per capita income $226
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, rubber, timber, diamonds.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, cassava, coffee, cocoa, palm oil.
  12. Major products : Iron ore, diamonds, processed rubber, processed food, construction materials.
  13. Imports : Machinery, petroleum products, transport equipment, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Iron ore, rubber, timber, diamonds.

 
 

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