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{tab=Libya}

LIBYA

Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya ( Independence from France UK in Dec 24th, l951 )

  1. Area : 17,59,540 sq. km.
  2. Location : North Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 6.420 million
  4. Capital : Tripoli
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religion : Islam ( mainly Sunni )
  7. Currency : Libyan Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 81.5%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $71.34 billion; Per capita income $10, 873
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus fruits, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Petroleum, processed foods, textiles, handicrafts.
  13. Imports : Machinery, foodstuffs, manufactured goods.
  14. Exports : Petroleum

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LIECHTENSTEIN

Principality of Liechtenstein ( Independence declared in 1806 )

  1. Area : 160 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 36, 010
  4. Capital : Vaduz
  5. Language : German
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Swiss Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $4.83 billion; Per capita income $53, 951
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, hydroelectric power.
  11. Main Crops : Vegetables, corn, wheat, potatoes, grapes.
  12. Major Products : Electronics, metal products, textiles, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, industrial goods.
  13. imports : Raw materials, machinery, processed foods and metal goods.
  14. Exports : Small speciality machinery, dental products, hardware, chemical products.

LITHUANIA

Republic of Lithuania ( Independence from Russian Empire in 1918 )

  1. Area : 65,200 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 3.2 million
  4. Capital : Vilnius
  5. Language : Lithuanian
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic with small minority of Evangelical Lutherans and Reformists
  7. Currency : Litas
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $40.33 billion; Per capita income $12, 323
  10. Natural Resources : Peat reserves and forests.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, potatoes, sugar beet, vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Steel, timber, cement, paper, fabrics, knitwear, butter. hosiery, footwear, granulated sugar,
  13. Imports : Oil machinery, chemicals, grains.
  14. Exports : Meat, milk and eggs, electronics, petroleum products, food, chemicals.

LUXEMBOURG

Grand duchy of luxembourg ( Independence from french empire in june 9th, 1815 )

  1. Area : 2,586 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 5, 11, 840
  4. Capital : Luxembourg.
  5. Languages : French, Luxemburgish, German
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism (97%)
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $54.95 billion; Per capita income $81, 383
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wine.
  12. Major Products : Steel, plastics, rubber, synthetic fibres.
  13. Imports : Minerals, metals, foodstuffs, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Steel, chemicals, rubber products, glass, aluminium, plastics.

MACEDONIA

Republic of Macedonia ( Independence from Yugoslavia on Sep 8th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 25,713 sq.km.
  2. Location : South Europe
  3. Population : 2, 048 million
  4. Capital : Skopje
  5. Language : Macedonian
  6. Religions : Macedonian Orthodox Christian ( autocephalous ), Muslim
  7. Currency : Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 90%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $19.99 billion; Per capita income $9, 728
  10. Main Crops : Rice, tobacco, wheat, corn, miHet, cotton, citrus fruits, vegetables.
  11. Major Products : Low steel technology, textiles, wood products.

MADAGASCAR

Republic of Madagascar ( Independence from France on June 26th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 5,87,041 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Indian Ocean
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 21.92 million
  4. Capital : Antananarivo
  5. Languages : Malagasy, French
  6. Religions : Christianity (51%), local beliefs ( 47% )
  7. Currency : Malagasy Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 80.2%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $8.59 billion; Per capita income $320
  10. Natural Resources : Graphite, chromium, coal, bauxite, ilmenite, semi ­ precious stones.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, coffee, sugarcane, cloves, cotton, vanillac
  12. Major Products : Processed food, textiles, assembled automobiles, soap, mining products.
  13. Imports : Crude petroleum, consumer goods, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cloves, vanilla, graphite, cotton products.

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MALAWI

Republic of Malawi ( Independence from UK on July 6th, 1964 )

  1. Area : 1,18,484 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 15.263 million
  4. Capital : Lilongwe
  5. Languages : English, Chichewa
  6. Religions : Protestantism ( 55% ), Roman Catholicism ( 20%) , Islam ( 20% )
  7. Currency : Kwacha
  8. Literacy rate : 56.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $5, 053 billion; Per capita income $322
  10. Natural Resources : Limestone, uranium, coal, bauxite.
  11. Main Crops : Tobacco, tea, sugar, corn, cotton.
  12. Major Products : Food beverages, tobacco, cement, footwear processed, consumer goods.
  13. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, building and construction materials, fuels.
  14. Exports : Tobacco, tea, sugar, coffee, peanuts.

MALAYSIA

( Independence from UK in Aug 31st, 1957 )

  1. Area : 3,32,370 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 28.310 million
  4. Capita : Kuala Lumpur
  5. Languages : Bahasa Melayu ( Malay ), English, Mandarin, Tamil
  6. Religions : Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
  7. Currency : Malaysian Ringgit
  8. Literacy rate : 88.7%
  9. G.D.P ( 2011 ) : $247.7 billion; Per capita income $8, 624
  10. Natural Resources : Tin, oil, copper, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Rubber, palm products, rice.
  12. Major Products : Processed rubber, palm oil, timber, in, petroleum, light manufactures, electronics equipment.
  13. Imports : Machinery, crude oil, capital equipment, chemicals, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Natural rubber, palm oil, tin, timber, petroleum.

MALDIVES

Republic of Maldives ( Independence from UK on July 26th, 1965 )

  1. Area : 298 sq. km.
  2. Location : Northern Indian Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3, 13, 920
  4. Capital : Male
  5. Language : Dhivehi
  6. Religion : Islam ( Sunni )
  7. Currency : Rufiyaa
  8. Literacy rate : 96.3%
  9. G.D.P. : $2, 062 billion; Per capita income $6, 336
  10. Natural Resources : Fish
  11. Main Crops : Coconuts, millets, cassava, yarns.
  12. Major Products : Fishing, shipping reedware, lacquer – work, coconut processing and garment manufacturing.
  13. Imports : Rice, wheat, sugar, drugs, textiles, petroleum products.
  14. Exports : Fish, clothing, ambergris.

MALI

Republic of Mali ( Independence from France on Sep 22nd, 1960 )

  1. Area : 12,40,192 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – west Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 14.5 million
  4. Capital : Bamako
  5. Languages : French, Bambara and other African languages
  6. Religion : Islam (90%) and Tribal
  7. Currency : Mali franc
  8. Literacy rate : 46.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $9, 268 billion; Per capita income $691
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, iron ore, manganese, phosphate, salt, limestone, gold
  11. Main Crops : Millet, sorghum, corn, rice, sugarcane, cotton, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, textiles, cigarettes, fish.
  13. Imports : Textiles, machinery, vehicles, products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, sugar.
  14. Exports : Meat, livestock, cotton, dried fish, peanuts; skins.

MALTA

Republic of Malta ( Independence from UK in Sep 21st, 1964 )

  1. Area : 316 sq. km.
  2. Location : Mediterranean Sea
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 4, 17, 608
  4. Capital : Valletta
  5. Languages : Maltese and English
  6. Religion : Roman Catholic Apootolic
  7. Currency : Maltese Lira
  8. Literacy rate : 92.8%
  9. G.D.P. : $8, 288 billion; Per capita income $19, 746
  10. Natural Resources : Limestone, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Fodder crops, potatoes, wheat, barley, citrus fruits and vegetables.
  12. Major Products : High – tech semi conductors, electrical switchgear, gold and silver items products, textiles.
  13. Imports : Manufactured goods, machinery, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Textiles, yarns, manufactured goods, ships.

MARSHALL ISLANDS

Republic of the Marshall Islands ( Independence from US on Oct 21st, 1986 )

  1. Area : 181 sq. km.
  2. Location : Pacific Ocean north of Kiribati
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 68, 000
  4. Capital : Dalap – Uliga – Darrit
  5. Languages : Marshallese, English
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Dollar ( U.S.)
  8. Literacy rate : 93%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2008 ) : $161.7 million; Per capita income $2, 900
  10. Natural Resources : Phosphate
  11. Main Crops : Coconuts, tomatoes, melons and bread fruit.

MAURITANIA

Islamic Republic of Mauritania ( Independence from France on Nov 28th, 1960 )

  1. Area : 10,30,700 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – west Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 3.291 million
  4. Capital : Nouakchott
  5. Languages : Arabic, French and local languages
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Ouguiya.
  8. Literacy rate : 38.2%
  9. G.D.P. : $3, 799 billion; Per capita income $1, 195
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, iron ore, gypsum.
  11. Main Crops : Millet, maize, wheat, dates, rice.
  12. Major Products : Iron ore, processed fish.
  13. Imports : Foodstuffs, petroleum, capital goods.
  14. Exports : Iron ore, fish, gun arabic, gypsum.

MAURITIUS

( Independence from UK on March 12th, 1968 )

  1. Area : 2,040 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Indian Ocean
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 1.288 million
  4. Capital : Port Louis
  5. Languages : English, French, Creole
  6. Religions : Hinduism ( over 50% ), Christianity ( 30% ) and Islam ( 17% )
  7. Currency : Mauritius Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 83.0% $7, 989
  9. Natural Resources : Iron ore, gypsum, fish.
  10. Main Crops : Sugarcane, rice.
  11. Major Products : Processed sugar and tea, molasses, rum, textiles, electronic equipment.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods.
  13. Exports : Sugar, tea, molasses.

MEXICO

United Mexican States ( Independence from Spain on Sep 16th, 1810 )

  1. Area : 19,78,800 sq. km.
  2. Location : North America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 112.322 million
  4. Capital : Mexico City
  5. Language : Spanish, Amerindian languages
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Mexican Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 90.2%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ):$1.041 trillion; Per capita income $9, 489
  10. Natural Resources : Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, wheat, corn, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, chemicals, basic metals and metal products, petroleum.
  13. Imports : Machinery, equipment, industrial vehicles, intermediate goods.
  14. Exports : Coffee, cotton, sugar, shrimp, cattle and meat, petroleum, sulphur.

MICRONESIA

Federated States of Micronesia ( Independence from USA in Nov 3rd, 1986 )

  1. Area : 702 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Pacific
  3. Population : 1.11, 000
  4. Capital : Palikir
  5. Languages : English and local languages.
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : US Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 90%
  9. G.N.P. : $277 million; Per capita income $2, 000
  10. Main Crops : Tropical fruits, vegetables.
  11. Major Products : Fishing

MOLDOVA

Republic of Moldova ( Independence from USSR in Aug 27th, 1991 )

  1. Area : 33,846 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 3.567 million
  4. Capital : Chisinau
  5. languages : Moldovan, with some Ukrainian
  6. Religions : Christian ( mainly Russian Orthodox, with some Baptist and Roman Catholic )
  7. Currency : Leu
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $5, 810 billion; Per capita income $1, 630
  10. Natural Resources : Lignite, phosphorus, gypsum.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, corn, barley, sugarbeets, fruits and wine grapes, soyabeans, tobacco.
  12. Major Products : Food processing, power engineering textiles, metal working, building materials, machine building, TV sets, washing machines.

MONACO

Principality of Monaco ( Independence from House of Grimaldi in 1297 )

  1. Area : 1.95 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 35, 986
  4. Capital : Monaco
  5. Languages : French, Monegasque and Italian
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. currency : French Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $6, 581 billion; Per capita income $151, 630
  10. Natural Resources : Tobacco
  11. Major Products : Chemicals, plastics and precision instruments.

MONGOLIA

Mongolian People’s Republic ( Independence from Qing dynasty in Dec 29th, 1911 )

  1. Area : 15,65,000 sq. km
  2. Location : Central Asia, it is a landlocked country
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 2 754 million
  4. Capital : Ulanbaatar
  5. Language : Khalkha Mongol
  6. Religion : Traditionally Tibetan Buddhism
  7. Currency : Tugrik
  8. Literacy rate : 83%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $6, 125 billion; Per capita income $2, 22
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, copper, molybdenum, iron, oil tungsten
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, oats, barley.
  12. Major Products : Animal products, building materials, minerals.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, clothing, petroleum, chemicals, sugar, tea.
  14. Exports : Copper, cashmere, livestock, animal products, wool, non – ferrous metals.

MONTENEGRO

Republic of Montenegro ( Independence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006 )

  1. Area : 13.812 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – East Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 6, 25, 266
  4. Capital : Cetirrje
  5. Languages : English, Italian, German
  6. Currency : Euro
  7. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $4.174 billion; Per capita Income $6, 668
  8. Ports : Bar, Kotor, Budra and Herceg Navi.
  9. Airports : Podgorica and Tivat.

MOROCCO

The Kingdom of Morocco ( Independence from Spain in April 7th, 1956 )

  1. Area : 4,58,730 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – west Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 32.208 million
  4. Capital : Rabat
  5. Languages : Arabic, Berber, French
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Dirham
  8. Literacy rate : 44%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $101.76 billion; Per capita income $3, 161
  10. Natural Resources : Phosphates, manganese, lead, fisheries.
  11. Main Crops : Barley, wheat, citrus fruits, vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Textiles, fish, chemicals.
  13. Imports : Industrial capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, iron and steel.
  14. Exports : Phosphates, citrus fruits, canned fruits and vegetables, canned fish, carpets.

MOZAMBIQUE

Republic of Mozambique ( Independence from Portugal in June 25th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 8,01,590 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 22.894 million
  4. Capital : Maputo
  5. Languages : Portuguese and Bantu
  6. Religions : Local beliefs ( 60% ), Christianity (30% )
  7. Currency : Metical
  8. Literacy rate : 40%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $9, 893 billion; Per capita income $458
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, coal, iron ore, fluorite, tantalite, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, cashewnuts, sugar, tea, copra, wheat, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, petroleum products, beverages, textiles, tobacco.
  13. Imports : Machinery and electrical equipment, foodstuffs, cotton, textiles, vehicles, petroleum products, iron and steel.
  14. Exports : Cashewnuts, cotton, sugar, tea, shrimp, copra, prawns, citrus, textiles.

MYANMAR

Republic of the Union of Myanmar ( October 22nd, 2010 )

  1. Area : 6,76,576 sq. km.
  2. Location : East Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 60.28 million
  4. Capital : Yangon
  5. Languages : Burmese, with several minority languages
  6. Religion : Theravada Buddhism ( 85% )
  7. Currency : Kyat
  8. Literacy rate : 83%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $42.95 billion; Per capita income $1, 250
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, precious stones, crude oil, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops : Sugarcane, corn, rice, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Textiles, footwear, processed agricultural products, wood and wood products, refined petroleum.
  13. Imports : Machinery, construction and transportation equipment.
  14. Exports : Rice, teak, oil seeds, metals, rubber, gems.

NAMIBIA

Republic of Namibia ( Independence from South Africa on March 21st, 1990 )

  1. Area : 8,25,118 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 2.171 million
  4. Capital : Windhoek
  5. Languages : English, Afrikaans, German, several indigenous
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 90%) and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : Namibian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 76%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $11.86 billion; Per capita income $5, 651
  10. Natural Resources : Diamonds, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, fish.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, millet, sorghum.
  12. Major Products : Canned meat, dairy products, tanned leather, textiles, clothing.
  13. Imports : Construction materials, fertiliser, grain, foodstuffs, petroleum products, fuel.
  14. Exports : Diamonds, copper, lead, zinc, beef, cattle, karakul, gold. pelts, marble, semi precious stones,

NAURU

Republic of Nauru ( Independence from Australia on Jan 31st, 1968)

  1. Area : 21.3 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 10, 000
  4. Capital : Yaren District
  5. Languages : English and Nauruan
  6. Religion : Mostly Protestant
  7. Currency : Australian Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 99%
  9. G.D.P. : $36.9 million; Per capita income $2, 500
  10. Natural Resources : Phosphates
  11. Major Products : Phosphates
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, fuel, machinery.
  13. Exports : Phosphates.

NEPAL

Kingdom of Nepal ( Kingdom declared on Dec 21st, 1768 and Republic declared on May 28th, 2008 )

  1. Area : 1,47,181 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Asia, it is landlocked country
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 29.331 million.
  4. Capital : Kathmandu
  5. Language : Nepali
  6. Religion : Hinduism ( 86% )
  7. Currency : Nepalese Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 53.74%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $15.83 billion; Per capita income $562
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, hydroelectric potential, water.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, maize, wheat, millet, jute, sugarcane, oilseed, potatoes.
  12. Major Products : Cigarettes, sugar, lumber, jute, hydro electric power, cement.
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, fertiliser, machinery.
  14. Exports : Clothing, carpets, leather goods.

THE NETHERLANDS

Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Independence from Spain on July 26th, 1581 after war )

  1. Area : 41,447 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 16.732 million
  4. Capital : Amsterdam
  5. Language : Dutch
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism (32%), Dutch Reformed Church (15%)
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $783.29 billion; Per capita income $47, 172
  10. Main Crops : Wheat, barley, sugar beets, potatoes.
  11. Major Products:Metal fabrication, textiles, chemicals, petroleum, electronic equipment.
  12. Imports : Machinery, crude petroleum, chemicals, textiles, mineral ores.
  13. Exports : Foodstuffs, machinery, natural gas, chemicals, petroleum products, textiles.

NEW ZEALAND

( Independence from UK on Sep 26th, 1907 )

  1. Area : 2,68,680 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 4.39 million
  4. Capital : Wellington
  5. Languages : English and Maori dialect
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : New Zealand Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $140, 434 billion; Per capita income $32, 145
  10. Natural Resources : Forests, coal, gold, tungsten, iron ore.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, maize, oats and barley.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, textiles, machinery, transport equipment, wood and paper products.
  13. Imports : Machinery, minerals, chemicals, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Meat, dairy products, wool.

NICARAGUA

Republic of Nicaragua ( Independence from Spain on Sep 15th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 1,29,494 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 5.891 million 4. Capital : Managua
  4. Language : Spanish
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : Cordoba Oro
  7. Literacy rate : 67.5%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $6, 551 billion; Per capita income $1, 126
  9. Natural Resources : Timber, fisheries, gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc.
  10. Main Crops : Cotton, coffee, sugarcane, rice, corn, beans.
  11. Major Products : Processed foods, chemicals, metal products, clothing and textiles.
  12. Imports : Machinery, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, transport equipment, clothing, petroleum.
  13. Exports : Coffee, cotton, chemical products, meat, sugar.

NIGER

Republic of Niger ( Independence from France on Aug 3rd, 1960 )

  1. Area : 12,67,044 sq. km.
  2. Location : North Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 15.290 million
  4. Capital : Niamey
  5. Languages : French, Hausa and Djerma
  6. Religions : Islam and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 28.7%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $11.05 billion; Per capita income $755
  10. Natural Resources : Uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphate.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, millet, sorghum, bananas, cotton, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Uranium, cement, bricks, light industrial products.
  13. Imports : Fuels, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Uranium, peanuts, livestock, hides, skins.

NIGERIA

Federal Republic of Nigeria ( Independence from UK on Oct 1st, 1960 )

  1. Area : 9,23,773 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 155.215 million
  4. Capital : Abuja
  5. Languages : English, Hausa, Ibo, Edo and Yoruba
  6. Religions : Islam ( 50% ), Christianity ( 34% ) and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : Naira
  8. Literacy rate : 68%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $216.8 billion; Per capita income $ 1, 389
  10. Natural Resources :Petroleum, tin, colmbite, iron ore, coal, limestone.
  11. Main Crops : Peanuts, cotton, cocoa, grains, yams, casava.
  12. Major Products : Crude oil, natural gas, coal, tin, processed rubber, cotton, petroleum, wood, hides, textiles, cement, footwear, chemicals.
  13. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Oil, cocoa, palm products, rubber, tin.

NORWAY

Kingdom of Norway ( Independence from Sweden on June 7th, 1905)

  1. Area : 3,85,252 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – west Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 4.996 million
  4. Capital : Oslo
  5. Language : Norwegian
  6. Religion : Evangelical – Lutheran ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Krone
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $414.4 billion; Per capita income $84, 443
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, fish, hydroelectric power.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, furs, wool.
  12. Major Products : Oil and gas, fish, pulp and paper, ships, aluminium, . iron, steel, nickel, fertilisers,
    transportation equipment, hydroelectric power, petrochemicals, electronic equipment.

{tab=Oman}
OMAN

Sultanate of Oman ( Independence from Portuguese empire in 1651 )

  1. Area : 3,09,500 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle east, South east of the Arabian Peninsula
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3.608 million
  4. Capital : Muscat
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religion : Ibadhi Muslim
  7. Currency : Omani Rial
  8. Literacy rate : 81.4% $55, 620 billion; Per capita income $18, 657
  9. Natural Resources : Oil, marble, copper, limestone, chromium, manganese, iron.
  10. Main Crops : Cereals, dates, bananas.
  11. Major Products : Petroleum drilling, fishing, construction.
  12. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, food, lubricants, mineral fuels.
  13. Exports : Oil

General Studies Question Bank CD

PAKISTAN

Islamic Republic of Pakistan ( Independence from British Empire on Aug 14th, 1947 )

  1. Area : 8.03.943 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 177.163 million
  4. Capital : Islamabad
  5. Languages : Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, Baluchi, Brahvi, English
  6. Religion : Islam ( 97% )
  7. Currency : Pakistan Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 49.9%
  9. G.D.P.: $202.83 billion; Per capita income $1, 197
  10. Natural Resources : Natural gas, limited petroleum, iron ore.
  11. Main Crops : Wheat, rice, cotton.
  12. Major Products : Cotton textiles, processed foods, petroleum products, construction material.
  13. Imports : Food grains, edible oil, crude oil, machinery, chemicals, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Cotton, rice, carpets, textiles, clothings.

PALAU

Republic of Palau ( Independence from UN Tmst Territory on Oct 1st, 1991 )

  1. Area : 459 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Pacific
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 20.956
  4. Capital : Koror
  5. Languages : Palauan and English
  6. Religions : 66% Christian
  7. Literacy rate : 98%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $164 million; Per capita income $8, 900
  9. Natural Resources : Fisheries, mainly tuna
  10. Main Crops : Coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoesity, 25% traditional beliefs
  11. Currency : US dollar.

PANAMA

Republic of Panama ( Independence from Spain on Nov 28th, 1821 and Columbia on Nov 3rd, 1903 )

  1. Area : 75,517 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 3.454 million
  4. Capital : Panama City
  5. Language : Spanish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Balboa
  8. Literacy rate : 91.9%
  9. G.D.P.( 2010 ) : $26.77 billion; Per capita income $7, 592
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, mahogany, shrimp
  11. Main Crops : Corn, sugarcane, rice, bananas.
  12. Major Products : Refined petroleum, sugar, cement, paper products.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, capital goods, food.
  14. Exports : Bananas, refined petroleum, sugar, clothing, shrimp

.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Independent State of Papua New Guinea ( Independence from Australia on Sep 16th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 4,62,840 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Pacific Ocean
  3. Population : 6.732 million
  4. Capital : Port Moresby
  5. Languages :English, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu with 750 other languages spoken
  6. Religions : Christianity and magico – religious beliefs
  7. Currency : Kina
  8. Literacy rate : 72.2%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $9.66 billion; Per capita income $1, 488
  10. Natural Resources : Copper, gold, silver, timber, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, copra, palm oil, cocoa, tea, coconuts.
  12. Major Products : Clothing, light fabricated, metal products, furniture.
  13. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Gold, copper, coffee and cocoa, copra, lobster, timber

.

PARAGUAY

Republic of Paraguay ( Independence from Spain on May 14th, 1811 )

  1. Area : 4,06,752 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central South America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 6.460 million
  4. Capital : Asuncion
  5. Languages : Spanish, Guarani
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Guarani
  8. Literacy rate : 94%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $18.47 billion; Per capita income $2,885
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, timber, manganese,limestone.
  11. Main Crops : Soyabeans, cotton, cassava, sweet potatoes, tobacco,corn, rice, sugarcane.
  12. Major Products : Packed meat, crushed oil seeds, beverages, textiles, light consumer goods, cement.
  13. Imports : Fuels and lubricants, machinery and motors, motor vehicles, beverages, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Soyabean, oil seeds, meat products, tobacco, timber, coffee, tung oil, vegetable oils.

General Studies Question Bank CD

PERU

Republic of Peru ( Independence from Spain on July 28th, 1821 )

  1. Area : 12,85,220 sq. km.
  2. Location : West of South America
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 29.496 million 4. Capital : Lima
  4. Languages : Spanish, Quechua
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : New Sol
  7. Literacy rate : 89%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $167.8 billion; Per capita income $5,593
  9. Natural Resources : Silver, gold, iron, copper, fish,petroleum, timber.
  10. Main Crops : Wheat, rice, beans, corn, cotton, coffee, wool.
  11. Major Products : Processed minerals, fish, meat, refined petroleum, textiles.
  12. Imports : Machinery, foodstuffs, chemicals,pharmaceuticals, transport equipment.
  13. Exports : Copper, fish products, cotton, sugar, coffee, lead, silver, zinc.

PHILIPPINES

Republic of the Philippines ( Independence from Spain in 1565 )

  1. Area : 3,00,000 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 94.013 million
  4. Capital : Manila
  5. Languages : Pilipino, English and many local languages
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currencey : Peso
  8. Literacy rate : 95%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $188.7 billion; Per capita income $2007
  10. Natural Resources : Forests, metallic and non – metallic minerals.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, corn, coconuts, sugarcane, bananas, tobacco.
  12. Major Products : Processed agricultural products, textiles.
  13. Imports : Machinery, foodstuffs, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, transport equipment.
  14. Exports : Electronic equipment, coconut products, fish products, cotton, coffee, lead, zinc, oil, sugar,
    logs and lumber, copper concentrates, bananas, garments, nickel.

POLAND

The Republic of Poland

  1. Area : 3,12,685 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 38.186 million
  4. Capital : Warsaw
  5. Language : Polish
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Z’loty
  8. Literacy rate : 99.8%
  9. G.D.P. : $468.5 billion; Per capita income $12,300
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, sulphur, copper, natural gas.
  11. Main Crops : Rye, rape seed, grains, sugar beets, potatoes, hogs.
  12. Major Products : Iron and steel, chemicals, textiles, processed foods, transport equipment.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, raw materials, food products.
  14. Exports : Coal, machinery and equipment, chemicals, industrial products.

PORTUGAL

Republic of Portugal ( Kingdom formed in July 25th, 1139 )

  1. Area : 92,345 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Europe
  3. Population (2011)Lisbon
  4. Language : Portuguese
  5. Religion : Christianity
  6. Currency : Euro
  7. Literacy rate : 93.3%
  8. G.D.P. (2010) : $229.3 billion; Per capita income $21,558
  9. Natural Resources : Tungsten, iron ore, cork, fish.
  10. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, olives, wine grapes.
  11. Major Products : Textiles, footwear, wood pulp, paper cork, metal products, refined oil, chemicals, canned fish, wine.,
  12. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, petroleum, industrial machinery, agricultural products, iron and steel, chemicals.
  13. Exports : Cotton textiles, cork and cork products, canned fish, wine, timber and timber products.

QATAR

State of Qatar ( Independence from UK on Sep 3, 1971)

  1. Area : 11,437 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 1.696 million
  4. Capital : Doha
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religion : Islam
  7. Currency : Riyal
  8. Literacy rate : 89%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $173.2 billion; Per capita income $97,967
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, gas.
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, fruits, vegetables, dates.
  12. Major Products : Oil, fertilisers, steel, petrochemicals, cement.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, consumer goods, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Petroleum products, steel, fertilisers

ROMANIA

Republic of Romania

  1. Area : 2,38,391 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : Bucharest
  4. Languages : Romanian, French
  5. Religion : Eastern Orthodox Christianity ( 80% )
  6. Currency : Leu
  7. Literacy rate : 97.3%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $161.6 billion; Per capita income $7,542
  9. Natural Resources : Oil, timber, natural gas, coal.
  10. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, sunflower, potatoes.
  11. Major Products : Steel, cement, metal production and processing, chemicals, petroleum.
  12. Imports : Machinery, fuel, consumer goods, minerals.
  13. Exports : Machinery, metals, chemicals, timber, furniture,textiles, foodstuffs.

RUSSIA

Russian Federation

  1. Area : 1,70,75,400 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Europe and North Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ): 142.905 million
  4. Capital : Moscow
  5. Languages : Russian, Ukrainian, Belarussian, Uzbek, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian and others.
  6. Religions : Christian ( Russian Orthodox 25% ), Muslim
  7. Currency : Rouble
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P ( 2011 ) : $1,894 trillion; Per capita income $13,542
  10. Natural Resources : Oil, natural gas, coal, iron, zinc, lead, nickel,aluminium, molybdenum, gold, platinum.
  11. Main Crops : Grain, cotton, potatoes, sugar beets, sunflower, vegetables.
  12. Major Products : Gold industry, steel mills, oil and gas industries.
  13. Imports : Machinery and equipment, chemicals, consumer goods, semi finished metal products.
  14. Exports : Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, coal, non – ferrous metals, chemicals.

RWANDA

Republic of Rwanda ( Independence from Belgium on July 1st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 26,798 sq. km
  2. Location : Central Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 11.370 million
  4. Capital : Kigali
  5. Languages : French, Kinyarwanda and English with Kiswahili
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism ( 45% ), local beliefs ( 25% )
  7. Currency : Rwanda Franc
  8. Literacy rate : 70.4%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $6,055 billion; Per capita income $593
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, cassiterite, wolfram
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, tea, bananas, yams, beans.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, light consumer goods.
  13. Imports : Textiles, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment.
  14. Exports : Coffee, tea, tungsten, tin.

SAMOA

The Independent State of Samoa ( formerly Western Samoa )( Independence from New Zealand on Jan 1st, 1962 )

  1. Area : 2,831 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Pacific
  3. Population ( 2009 ): 1,79,000
  4. Capital : Apia
  5. Languages : Samoan and English
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Tala
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $558 million Per capita Income $3,077
  10. Main Crops : Copra, bananas, taro, sweet potatoes, fish.

SAN MARINO

Most Serene Republic of San Marino ( Independence from Roman Empire on Sep 3rd,801 )

  1. Area : 62 sq. km
  2. Location : Central Italy it is a landlocked country 3. Population ( 2011 ) 31,887
  3. Capital : San Marino
  4. Language : Italian
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : Italian Lira and San Marino Lira
  7. Literacy rate: 99%
  8. G.D.P. ( 2007 ) : $1,662 billion; Per capita income $41,900
  9. Main Crops : Wheat and other grains, grapes, olive.
  10. Major Products : Textiles, paper, leather, wine, olive oil
  11. Imports : Manufactured consumer goods.
  12. Exports : Building stone, lime, chestnuts, wheat, hides, baked goods.

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe ( Independence from Portugal July 12th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 1,001 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 1,63,000
  4. Capital : Sao Tome
  5. Languages : Portuguese, native dialects
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : Dobra
  8. Literacy rate : 84.9%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $196 million; Per capita income $1,183
  10. Main Crops : Cocoa, copra, coconuts, palm oil, coffee, bananas.
  11. Major Products : Timber, copra
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, textiles, machinery, electrical equipments,fuels, lubricants.
  13. Exports : Cocoa, coffee, copra, palm oil.

SAUDI ARABIA

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ( Kingdom established on Jan 8th, 1926)

  1. Area : 22,50,070 sq. km
  2. Population ( 2010 ) : 27.136 million
  3. Language : Arabic
  4. Religion : Islam
  5. Currency : Riyal
  6. Literacy rate : 63%
  7. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $578.5 billion; Per capita income $21,685
  8. Natural Resources : Oil, natural gas, iron ore
  9. Main Crops : Wheat, dates, grains
  10. Major Products : Petroleum, cement, plastic products, steel, packaged goods.
  11. Imports : Manufactured goods, transport equipment, construction materials, processed food.
  12. Exports : Petroleum and petroleum products, wheat.

SENEGAL

Republic of Senegal ( Independence from France Aug 20th 1960 )

  1. Area : 1,96,790 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 13.711 million
  4. Capital : Dakar
  5. Language : French
  6. Religions : Islam ( 91% ), local beliefs ( 3% )
  7. Currency : CFA franc
  8. Literacy rate : 39.3%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $13.47 billion; Per capita income $1,772
  10. Natural resources : Fish, phosphate
  11. Major Products : Peanut oil, fertiliser, cement, processed food and fish.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, consumer goods, machinery, transport equipment.
  13. Exports : Peanuts, phosphate rock, canned fish.

SEYCHELLES

Republic of Seychelles ( Independence from UK on June 29, 1976 )

  1. Area : 308 sq. km.
  2. Location : Western Indian Ocean
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 84,000
  4. Capital : Victoria
  5. Languages : Creole, French and English
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  7. Currency : Seychelles rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 91.8%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $919 million; Per capita income $10,714
  10. Main Crops : Coconut, Tea
  11. Major Products : Processed copra and vanilla, coconut oil
  12. Imports : Food, tobacco, machinery, textiles
  13. Exports : Cinnamon, vanilla, copra

SIERRA LEONE

Republic of Sierra Leone ( Independence from UK on April 27th, 1961 )

  1. Area : 71,740 sq. km.
  2. Location : West Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 6.4 million
  4. Capital : Freetown
  5. Languages : English and Krio
  6. Religion : Islam (60%), local beliefs ( 30% )
  7. Currency : Leone
  8. Literacy rate : 35%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $1,877 billion; Per capita income $311
  10. Natural Resources : Diamonds, bauxite, iron ore.
  11. Main Crops : Coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, rice
  12. Major Products : Diamonds, bauxite, beverages, cigarette, rutile, construction goods.
  13. Imports : Food, petroleum products, chemicals, capital goods.
  14. Exports : Diamonds, rutile, iron ore, palm kernels, cocoa, coffee.

SINGAPORE

Republic of Singapore ( Seperation from Malaysia on Aug 9th, 1965 )

  1. Area : 707.1 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Asia
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 5.183 million
  4. Capital : Singapore City
  5. Languages : Malay, Chinese, Tamil and English
  6. Religions : Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Taoism
  7. Currency : Singapore dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 91%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $222.7 billion; Per capita income $43,867
  10. Main Crops : Rubber, copra, vegetables, fruits.
  11. Major Products : Petroleum refining, oil exploration, ship repair,electronics and other light industry.
  12. Imports : Aircraft, chemicals, foodstuff, manufactured goods, petroleum.
  13. Exports : Electrical machinery, electronics, rubber, computers and computer peripherals, petroleum products.

SLOVAKIA

( Independence from Czechoslovakia on Jan 1st,1993 )

  1. Area : 49,035 sq. km.
  2. Location : Southern Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 5.440 million
  4. Capital : Bratislava
  5. Languages : Slovak, Hungarian and Czech
  6. Religions : Roman Catholic ( 60% ), Protestant ( 8% ), Orthodox( 3% )
  7. Currency : Slovak Koruna
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. : $86.26 billion; Per capita income $15,906
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, magnesite, metallic ore.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Iron and non – ferrous mining, metal processing, ship building, consumer appliances and leather goods.
  13. Imports : Machinery, transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, raw materials, chemicals, agricultural products.
  14. Exports : Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, minerals, metals, agricultural products.

SLOVENIA

Republic of Slovenia ( Independence from Yugoslavia on June 25th, 1991 )

  • Area : 20,251 sq. km.
  1. Location : Southern Europe
  2. Population ( 2010 ) : 2.048 million
  3. Capital : Ljubljana
  4. Languages : Slovene, Croatian
  5. Religions : Roman Catholic, Protestant, some Eastern Orthodox
  6. Currency : Slovene Tolar
  7. Literacy rate : 99%
  8. G.D.P : $46.44 billion; Per capita income $23,009
  9. Natural Resources : Coal, oil, mercury.
  10. Main Crops : Corn, rye, oats, potatoes, fruits.
  11. Major Products : Automobiles, iron and steel, cement, chemicals, textiles, furniture, electrical machinery, pharmaceuticals.
  12. Imports : Chemicals, fuels and lubricants.
  13. Exports : Machinery, transport equipment, chemicals.

SOLOMON ISLANDS

( Independence from UK on July 7th, 1978 )

  1. Area : 29,785 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Pacific Ocean
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 5,23,000
  4. Capital : Honiara
  5. Languages : English, Didgin, other local languages
  6. Religion : Christianity ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Solomon Island Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 60%
  9. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $657 billion; Per capita income $1223
  10. Natural Resources : Timber, gold, bauxite, fish
  11. Main Crops : Rice, copra, cocoa, yams, palm oil.
  12. Major Products : Copra, processed fish
  13. Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, foodstuffs, fuel, manufactured goods.
  14. Exports : Fish, timber, copra, palm oil.

SOMALIA

Somali Democratic Republic ( Independence from UK and Italy on June 26th July 1st, 1960 )

  1. Area : 6,37,657 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.925 million
  4. Capital : Mogadishu
  5. Language : Somali
  6. Religion : Islam ( Sunni )
  7. Currency : Somali Shilling
  8. Literacy rate : 37.8%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $5,896 billion; Per capita income $600
  10. Natural Resources : Uranium, timber.
  11. Main Crops : Bananas, sorghum, cereals, sugarcane, cotton, maize
  12. Major Products : Flour, meat, fish, canned fruit juices.
  13. Imports : Textiles, construction materials and equipment.
  14. Exports : Livestock, skins and hides, bananas.

SOUTH AFRICA

Republic of South Africa ( Independence from UK on May 31st, 1961 )

  1. Area : 12,23,201 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Africa
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 50.586 million
  4. Capital : Pretoria
  5. Languages : Afrikaans, English and other languages
  6. Religions : Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
  7. Currency : Rand
  8. Literacy rate : 86.4%
  9. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $287,219 billion; Per capita income
  10. Natural Resources : Gold, diamonds, platinum, uranium, coal, iron ore, phosphates, manganese.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Assembled automobiles, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertiliser, fish.
  13. Imports : Motor vehicle parts, machinery, metals, scientific instruments, chemicals, textiles.
  14. Exports : Gold, diamonds, minerals and metals, food, chemicals.

SPAIN

Kingdom of Spain

  1. Area : 5,04,750 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – west Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 46.030 million
  4. Capital : Madrid
  5. Languages : Spanish, Catalan, Basque, Galician
  6. Religion : Roman Catholicism ( 95% )
  7. Currency : Euro
  8. Literacy rate : 97%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2011 ) : $1,395 trillion; Per capita income 30,693
  10. Natural Resources : Coal, lignite, waterpower, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluor spar, gypsum, iron ore, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper.
  11. Main Crops : Cereals, vegetables, citrus fruits, olives.
  12. Major Products : Processed foods, textiles, footwear, petro – chemicals, steel, automobiles, ships.
  13. Imports : Machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, petroleum, automobiles, machinery, iron, steel.
  14. Exports : Fresh fruits, cars and trucks, semi – finished manufactured foods, foodstuffs, machinery, electrical equipment.

SRI LANKA

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Independence from UK on Feb 4th, 1948)

  1. Area : 65,610 sq. km.
  2. Location : South Asia
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 20.238 million
  4. Capital : Colombo
  5. Languages : Sinhala, Tamil and English
  6. Religions : Buddhism ( 69% ), Hinduism ( 15% ), Christianity ( 8% ) and Islam ( 8% )
  7. Currency : Sri Lankan Rupee
  8. Literacy rate : 92%
  9. G.D.P ( 2010 ) : $49.68 billion; Per capita income $2,435
  10. Natural Resources : Limestone, graphite, gems.
  11. Main Crops : Tea, coconuts, rubber, rice, spices, cotton, oil seeds, wheat, millet.
  12. Major Products : Processed rubber, tea, coconuts, textiles, cement, refined petroleum.
  13. Imports : Petroleum, machinery, transport equipment, sugar, fertiliser.
  14. Exports : Petroleum products, gems and jewellery, tea, rubber.

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

Federation of St.Kitts and Nevis ( Independence from UK on Sep 19th, 1983 )

  1. Area : 261 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population : 52,000
  4. Capital : Besseterre
  5. Languages : English and Patois
  6. Religion : Christianity
  7. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 98%
  9. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $557 million; Per capita income $10,315
  10. Main Crops : Sugarcane, cotton
  11. Major Products : Sugar processing, salt extraction.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels.
  13. Exports : Sugar, molasses, postage stamps.

ST. LUCIA

( Independence from UK on Feb 22nd, 1979 )

  1. Area : 620 sq . km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Capital : Castries
  4. Languages : English and French Patois
  5. Religion : Roman Catholicism
  6. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  7. Literacy rate : 80%
  8. G.D.P ( 2009 ) : $973 million; Per capita income $5,671
  9. Main Crops : Bananas, coconuts, sugar canes, cocoa, spices.
  10. Major Products : Clothing, assembled electronics, beverages.
  11. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fertilisers, petroleum products.
  12. Exports : Bananas, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil.

ST.VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

( Independence from UK on Oct 27th, 1979 )

  1. Area : 390 sq. km.
  2. Location : Eastern Caribbean Sea
  3. Population : 120,000
  4. Capital : Kingstown
  5. Languages : English and French Patois
  6. Religion : Protestantism
  7. Currency : East Caribbean Dollar
  8. Literacy rate : 96%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $567 million; Per capita income $5,291
  10. Main Crops : Bananas, arrowroot, coconuts.
  11. Major Products : Food processing.
  12. Imports : Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, minerals.
  13. Exports : Bananas, arrowroot, copra, tennis racquets.

SUDAN

Republic of Sudan ( Independence from Egypt and UK on Jan 1st, 1956 )

  1. Area : 18,86,065 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population : 30.89 million
  4. Capital : Khartoum
  5. Language : Arabic
  6. Religions : Islam ( Sunni 70% ), and local beliefs ( 20% )
  7. Currency : Sudanese Dinar
  8. Literacy rate : 61.1%
  9. G.N.P. : $92.83 billion; Per capita income $2,300
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, copper, chrome, industrial metals.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, peanuts, oil seeds, gum arabic, sorghum, wheat, millet, sugarcane.
  12. Major Products : Cement, textiles, pharmaceuticals, shoes, refined petroleum, gold.
  13. Imports : Petroleum products, machinery and equipment, medicines and chemicals.
  14. Exports : Cotton, peanuts, gum arabic, sesanee.

SOUTH SUDAN

Republic of South Sudan ( Independence from Sudan on July 9th, 2011 )

  1. Area : 6,19,745 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2008 ) : 8.2 million
  4. Capital : Juba
  5. Language : Official – English Others : All South Sudenese indigenous languages
  6. Religions : Christianity, Islam
  7. Currency : South Sudanese Pound
  8. G.D.P. : $13,227 billion (Nominal); Per capita income $1,546
  9. Natural Resources : Timber, petroleum, iron ore, copper, chronium, zinc, mica.
  10. Main Crops : Cotton, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum, sugarcane, mangoes, banana and sesame.
  11. Exports : Crude oil.

SURINAME

Republic of Suriname ( Independence from Netherlands on Nov 25th, 1975 )

  1. Area : 1.63,820 sq. km.
  2. Location : North – east of South America
  3. Population : 5,20,000
  4. Capital : Paramaribo
  5. Languages : Dutch, Surinamese, English and Hindi
  6. Religions : Christianity, Hinduism and Islam
  7. Currency : Suriname Guilder
  8. Literacy rate : 93%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $2,962 billion; Per capita income $5,675
  10. Natural Resources : Bauxite, iron ore, timber, fish, shrimp.
  11. Main Crops : Rice, citrus fruits, sugar, coffee.
  12. Major Products : Aluminium, alumina, processed foods, lumber, bricks, cigarettes.
  13. Imports : 4. Capital equipment, petroleum, cotton, foodstuffs, consumer goods.
  14. Exports : Bauxite, alumina, aluminium, rice, shrimp, lumber and wood products.

SWAZILAND

Kingdom of Swaziland ( Independence from UK on Sep 6th, 1968 )

  1. Area : 17,400 sq. km.
  2. Location : South – east Africa
  3. Population ( 2009 ) : 1.185 million
  4. Capital : Mbabane
  5. Languages : English and Siswati
  6. Religions : Christianity ( 57% ) and Tribal beliefs
  7. Currency : Lilangeni
  8. Literacy rate : 81.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2009 ) : $2.98 billion; Per capita income $2,907
  10. Natural Resources : Iron ore, diamonds.
  11. Main Crops : Corn, sugarcane, citrus fruits, cotton, sorghum, peanuts.
  12. Major Products : Milled sugar, ginned cotton, processed meat and wood.
  13. Imports : Motor vehicles, fuels and lubricants, transport equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, chemicals.
  14. Exports : Sugar, wood pulp, iron ore, asbestos, cotton, citrus fruits.

SWEDEN

Kingdom of Sweden

  1. Area : 4,49,964 sq. km
  2. Location : Northern Europe
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 9.415 million
  4. Capital : Stockholm
  5. Languages : Swedish, Finnish and Lapp
  6. Religion : Lutheran Protestantism ( 93% )
  7. Currency : Swedish Krona
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. : $337.8 billion; Per capita income $47,934
  10. Natural Resources : Forests, iron ore, hydroelectric power, zinc, uranium.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, sugar beets, potatoes.
  12. Major Products : Iron and steel, precision equipment, wood pulp and paper products, automobiles.
  13. Imports : Machinery, iron and steel, petroleum, clothing, foodstuffs.
  14. Exports : Wood pulp, paper products, iron ore, machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, iron and steel products.

SWITZERLAND

Swiss Confederation ( Independence on Aug 1st, 1291 )

  1. Area : 41,293 sq. km.
  2. Location : Central Europe
  3. Population ( 2010 ) : 7.866 million
  4. Capital : Bern
  5. Languages : German ( 64% ), French ( 19% ), Italian ( 8% ) and Romansch ( 0.6% )
  6. Religions : Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  7. Currency : Swiss French
  8. Literacy rate : 100%
  9. G.D.P. : $512 billion; Per capita income $75,835
  10. Natural Resources : Water power, timber, salt.
  11. Main Crops : Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables, fruits.
  12. Major Products : Watches and clocks, precision instruments, machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, generators, turbines.
  13. Imports : Transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, construction materials.
  14. Exports : Machinery and equipment, precision instruments, textiles, foodstuffs, metal products.

SYRIA

Syrian Arab Republic ( Independence in April 17th, 1946 )

  1. Area : 1,85,180 sq. km.
  2. Location : Middle East
  3. Population ( 2011 ) : 22.457 million
  4. Capital : Damascus
  5. Languages : Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian
  6. Religions : Islam ( 74% Ni Muslim, 16% Sunni Alawite Druze and other sects ), Christianity 10%
  7. Currency : Syrian Pound
  8. Literacy rate : 79.6%
  9. G.D.P. ( 2010 ) : $60.2 billion; Per capita income $2,958
  10. Natural Resources : Chrome, manganese, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, phosphate, oil, gypsum.
  11. Main Crops : Cotton, wheat, barley, lentils.
  12. Major Products : Textiles, phosphate, petroleum, processed food soap
  13. Import : Machinery and metal products, textiles, fuels foodstuffs.
  14. Export : Petroleum, textiles, phosphate, farm products.

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