KLE LLB Syllabus

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KLE LLB Syllabus 2021

Semester I : Course I : General Principles of Contracts

Unit – I : History – Formation of Contract – Agreement and Contract – Definitions – Classification – Offer and Acceptance – Communication – Revocation – Essential elements – Invitation to Offer – Tenders. Consideration – Nudum Pactum – Essential elements – Privity of Contract and of Consideration – Exceptions – Unlawful Consideration and its effect. Contractual Ability – Electronic Documents as Web Pages – Digital Certificates as Entry Passes – Time and Place of Contract – Secured Custody of Electronic Records.

Unit – II : Capacity to Contract – Minor’s Agreements and its effects – Persons of unsound mind – Persons disqualified by Law. Free Consent – Coercion – Undue influence – Misrepresentation – Fraud – Mistake – Legality of Object – Void Agreements – Agreements against Public Policy – Wagering Agreements – Its exceptions – Contingent Contracts.

Unit – III : Discharge of Contracts and its various Modes – by performance – Time and place of performance – Performance of reciprocal promises – Appropriation of Payments – Discharge by Agreement – By operation of Law – By frustration ( Impossibility of Performance ) – By Breach ( Anticipatory and Actual ).

Unit – IV : Remedies for Breach of Contracts – Damages – Remoteness of damages – Ascertainment of damages – Injunction – When granted and when refused– Restitution – Specific performance when granted – Quasi Contracts.

Unit – V : The Specific Relief Act : Nature of Specific Relief – Recovery of Possession of movable and immovable Property – Specific performance when granted and not granted – Who may obtain and against whom – Discretionary remedy – Power of Court to grant relief – Rectification of instruments – Cancellation – Declaratory decrees – Preventive relief – Temporary injunctions – Perpetual and Mandatory Injunctions.

Government as a contracting party : Constitutional provisions – Government powers to contract – Procedural requirements – Kinds of Government Contracts, their usual clauses, performance of such contract, settlement of disputes and remedies.

Course II : Constitution

Unit – I : Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights.

Unit II : Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, Parliamentary Government, Bicameralism, Legislative Process, Privileges, Council of Ministers, President of India, Governor.

Unit III : Judicial process under the Constitution, Nature of Judicial Review, Judicial Review – Arts.32, 226 and 227, Court system in India, Judges – Appointments, conditions of service, etc., Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, Public Interest Litigation, Activism v. Restraint.

Unit IV :  Federalism, Center – State Relations, Freedom of Inter State Trade, Methods of Constitutional Amendment, Limitation on Constitutional Amendment.

Unit V : Emergency provisions, Services under the State, State Liability.

Course III : Law of Torts

Unit – I : Evolution of law of torts – Nature and scope of law of torts – Meaning – Torts distinguished from Contract – Crime Development of Ubi jus ibi Remedium – Mental elements Intention, Motive, Malice in Law and in Fact.

Unit II : General Defences, Vicarious Liability.

Unit III : Negligence; Nuisance; Absolute and Strict liability. Legal Remedies – Awards – Remoteness of damage.

Unit IV : Torts against person : Torts affecting body – Assault, Battery, Mayhem and False Imprisonment; Torts affecting reputation Libel and Slander, Torts affecting freedom – Malicious Prosecution, Malicious Civil Action and Abuse of Legal Process; Torts affecting domestic and other rights – Marital Rights, Parental Rights, Rights to Service, Contractual Rights, Intimidation and Conspiracy; Torts against property.

Unit V : Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Course IV : Family Law – I : Hindu Law

Unit I : Introduction – Concept of Dharma – Sources of Hindu Law – Modern and Ancient – Importance of Dharma Shastra on Legislation – Two Principal Schools of Hindu Law – Application of Hindu Law.

Unit – II : Marriage and Kinship – Evolution of the Institution of Marriage and Family – Law Prior to Hindu Marriage Act – A detailed study of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 – Matrimonial Remedies – Maintenance and Alimony; Customary Practices and legislative provisions relating to dowry prohibition.

Unit – III : Hindu undivided family – Mitakshara Joint Family – Formation and Incidents – Property under both Schools – Kartha : His Position, Powers, Privileges and Obligations – Debts – Doctrine of Pious Obligation – Partition and Reunion –Religious and Charitable Endowment.

Unit – IV : Inheritance and Succession – Historical perspective of traditional Hindu Law relating to Inheritance – A detailed study of Hindu Succession Act, 1956. Stridhana – Woman’s Property – Recent State and Central Amendments to Hindu Succession Act; Gifts and Testamentary Succession – Wills.

Unit – V : Law relating to Hindu Minority and Guardianship : Kinds of Guardians; Duties & Powers of Guardians; A detailed study of Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956; Maintenance : Traditional Rights and Rights under Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act 1956.

Course V : Criminal Law – I : Indian Penal Code

Unit I : General Principles of Crime; Conceptions of Crime; Distinction between Crime and other wrongs under common Law – Crime and morality distinction – Circumstances when morality amounts to crime – State’s responsibility to detect, control and punish crime.

Principles of criminal liability – Actus reus and mens rea ( also statutory offences ) and other maxims; Variations in liability – Mistake, intoxication, compulsion, legally abnormal persons; Possible parties to the crime : Principal in the I degree; Principal in the II degree; Accessories before the fact; Accessories after the fact.

Indian Penal Code : General Explanation, Sections 6 – 33 and 39 – 52A; Punishment, Sections 53 – 75 – social relevance of Capital Punishment – Alternatives to Capital Punishment – Discretion in awarding punishment and minimum punishment in respect of certain offences with relevance to precedents ( judgments ).

Unit II : General Exceptions : Sections 76 – 106; Criminal act by several persons or group : Sections 34 – 38; Abetment : Sections 107 – 120; Criminal Conspiracy : Sections 120A & 120B; Offences against State : Sections 121 – 130; Offences against the public tranquility : Sections 141 – 160; Offences relating to election : Sections 171A – 171; Contempt of lawful authority and public servants : Sections 172 – 190; False evidence and offences against public trust : Sections 172 – 229; Offences relating to coins and Government Stamps : Sections 230 – 263A; Offences relating to weights and measures : Sections 260 – 294A; Offences relating to religion : Section 295 – 298.

Unit III : Offences affecting human life, causing miscarriage, injuries to unborn children – Exposure of infants, concealment of birth – Hurt, Grievous Hurt – Wrongful restraint – Wrong confinement – Criminal force and Assault ( Sections 299 – 358 ).

Unit IV : Kidnapping, Abduction – Slavery and forced labour – Rape : custodial rape, marital rape – Prevention of immoral traffic – Prevention of sati – Prohibition of indecent representation of women – Unnatural offences, theft, robbery and dacoity – Criminal Misappropriation of property – Criminal breach of trust – Receiving of stolen property –Cheating – Fraudulent deeds and disposition of property ( Sections 378 – 424 ).

Unit V : Mischief ( Sections 425 – 440 ) – Criminal Trespass ( Sections 441 – 462 ) – Offences relating to document and property marks ( Sections 463 – 480 ) – Offences relating to marriage ( Sections 493 – 498 A ) – Defamation ( Sections 499 – 502 ); Criminal intimidation and annoyance and attempt to commit such offences ( Sections 506 – 511 ).

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Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.