KLE LLB Syllabus 2021
Semester III : Course I : Environmental Law
Unit I : The Idea of Environment : Ancient and Medieval Writings, Traditions, Natural and Biological Sciences – Perspectives : Modern concept, Conflicting dimensions, recent issues – Environment and sustainable development – National and International Perspectives – Population and Development.
Unit II : Environmental Policy and Law : Environmental Policy : Pre & Post Independence Period; From Stockholm to Johannesburg Declaration ( Rio ) and Role of Government – Five year Plans – Forest Policy – Conservation strategy – Water Policy; Conservation of Natural Resources and its Management; Constitution and Environment : Right to Environment – Constitutional provisions on Environment and its Protection – Role of Judiciary on Environmental issues – Evolving of new Principles – Polluter pays principle – Precautionary principle – Public trust doctrine.
Unit III : International Law and Environmental Protection : International conventions in the development of Environmental Laws and its Policy – From Stockholm to recent conventions ( Special Emphasis on Major conventions & Protocols ) – Control on Marine Pollution; Common Law aspects of Environmental Protection; Remedies under other Laws ( I.P.C., Cr.P.C, C.P.C. ) – Riparian rights and prior – appropriation.
Unit IV : Prevention and Control of Pollution : Pollution of Water, Sources, Legal Control, The Water Act, 1974 – Pollution of Air, Modalities of control, The Air Act, 1981 – Noise Pollution and its control, Noise Pollution control order – Disposal of Waste, laws on waste, disposal and its control – Transboundary Pollution hazards & Regulation; Biological Diversity and Legal Order : Bio – diversity and Legal regulation – Utilization of flora and fauna – Experimentation on animals – Legal and Ethical issues – Genetic Engineering – Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 – Forest Conservation Act, 1980 – Prevention of Cruelty against animals – Problems in Legal regulation of medicinal plants – The plant varieties Act – Wetland Conservation.
Unit V : Environment Protection Act, 1986 including, Environment Protection Rules, Coastal Zone Regulation, ECO – Mark, Environment Impact Assessment, Environmental Audit, Public Participation in Environmental decision making, Environment information, public hearing, Regulation on Bio – Medical Waste.
Course II : Labour Law
Unit I : Introduction to Law of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 : Historical Aspects – Master and slave relationship – Industrial revolutionLaissez – faire state – Impact of Constitution on Labour provision; Definition and law relating to Appropriate Government – Award and settlement – Industry – Industrial Dispute – Workman. Strikes and Lock – out
Unit II : Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 : Lay – off –Retrenchment – Closure – Unfair Labour Practices and Role of Government; Authorities under the Act ( Chapter II ) to be read with chapters II B, III and IV Adjudication and Arbitration; Restrictions on the right of the employer – Chapter IIA – Notice of change, section 11 – A and sections 33,33A; Recovery of money due from an employer. Industrial Employment ( Standing Orders ) Act, 1946 and Disciplinary Enquiry.
Unit III : Trade Unions Act, 1926 : Salient features of the enactment and important definitions – Registration of Unions, Amalgamation of Unions, Cancellation and Registration of Trade Unions, Funds of the Union, Immunity enjoyed by the Union. Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 : Emergence of the legislation – Total and partial disablement –Dependent Workman – Wages – Liability of the employer to pay compensation and right of the workman to receive compensation – Accident “Arising out of and in the course of employment” – Occupational disease – Doctrine of ‘Added peril’
Unit IV : Labour Welfare Legislation : The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 : Corporation, Standing Committee and Medical Benefit Council; Contributions; Benefits; Adjudication of disputes and Claims; Penalties. The Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952 : Employees Provident Fund Scheme and Authorities; Miscellaneous. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 – Its object and its scope.
Unit V : The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 – Fixation of minimum rates of wages – working hours and determination of wages and claims The Factories Act – its essential features, Safety, Health and Welfare measures. The Contract Labour ( Regulation and Abolition ) Act, 1970 – Its object and its essential features.
Course III : Criminal Law
Unit I : Introductory and Pre – trail Process : Meaning of procedure; The organization of the functionaries under the Code; their duties, functions and powers; First Information Report, complaint; Arrest; Types of trial and Features of a fair trial.
Unit II : Trial Process I
1. Magisterial Powers to take cognizance.
2. Commencement of proceedings.
3. Dismissal of complaints.
5. Processes to compel appearance and production of things.
7. Preliminary pleas to bar trial
Unit III : Trial Process II
1. Provisions as to Inquiries and Trials.
3. Appeals, Revision and Reference.
4. Security for keeping peace and good behaviour.
Unit IV : Miscellaneous III
1. Transfer of cases.
2. Execution, suspension, remission and commutation of sentences.
3. Disposal of property.
4. Preventive action of the police.
5. Irregular proceedings.
6. Limitation of taking cognizance.
7. Compounding of offences and plea bargaining.
8. Criminal Rules and Practice.
Unit – V
1. Salient features of the Juvenile Justice ( Care & Protection of Children ) Act, 2000.
2. Salient features of the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958.
Course IV : Jurisprudence
Unit I : Meaning and nature of ‘Jurisprudence’ – Purpose and value of Jurisprudence – Schools of Jurisprudence : Natural law, Imperative Theory, Legal Realism, Historical School, Sociological School.
Unit II : Functions and purpose of law, questions of law, fact and discretion – Justice and its kinds – Civil and Criminal Administration of Justice – Theories of Punishment and Secondary functions of the Court.
Unit III : Sources of Law : Legislation, Precedent and Custom – A Comparative study.
Unit IV : Legal Concepts : Right and Duty, Kinds, Meaning of Right in its wider sense; Possession : Idea of Ownership, kinds of Ownership, Difference between Possession and Ownership; Nature of Personality, Status of the Unborn, Minor, Lunatic, Drunken and Dead Persons.
Unit V : Liability : Conditions for imposing liability – Wrongful act : Damnum Sine Injuria, causation, mens rea, intention, malice, negligence and recklessness, strict liability, vicarious liability, obligation.
Course -V : Clinical Course-I: Professional Ethics And Professional Accounting System
Unit – I : The legal profession and its responsibilities; The equipment of the lawyer; Conduct in court; Professional conduct in general; Privileges of a lawyer; Salient features of the Advocates Act, 1961.
Unit – II : Duty to the court; Duty to the profession; Duty to the opponent; Duty to the client; Duty to the self; Duty to the public and the state;
Unit – III : Contempt of Court Act, 1972
Selected major judgments of the Supreme Court :
- In the matter of D, An Advocate, AIR 1956 SC 102.
- P.J.Ratnam v. D.Kanikaram, AIR1964 SC 244.
- N.B.Mirzan v. The disciplinary committee of Bar Council of Maharastra and Another, AIR 1972 SC 46.
- Bar Council Of Maharastra v. M.V.Dabholkar, etc., AIR 1976 SC 242.
- V.C.Rangadurai v. D.Goplan and others, AIR 1979 SC 201.
- Chandra Shekhar Soni v. Bar Council of Rajasthan and Others, AIR 1983 SC 1012.
- In Re an Advocate, AIR 1989 SC 245.
- In Re Vinay Chandra Mishra, 1995 (Vol-I) IBR 118.
- Supreme Court Bar Association v. Union of India, AIR 1998 SC 1895.
- Ex-Capt. Harish Uppal v. Union of India, AIR 2003 SC 739
Unit – IV : Selected opinions of the Bar council of India
- DC Appeal No. 16/93 1998 (Vol.1) IBR 135
- BCI Tr. Case No.40/91 1998 (Vol.1) IBR139
- DC Appeal No. 8/94 1998 (Vol. 1) IBR 153
- DC Appeal No. 20/94 1997 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 193
- BCI Tr. Case No. 76/95 1997 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 201
- DC Appeal No.43/96 1997 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 207
- DC Appeal No.18/91 1997 (Vol. 1 & 2) IBR 271
- DC Appeal No.24/90 1996 (Vol.1) IBR 135
- DC Appeal No.19/93 1996 (Vol.1) IBR 152
- BCI Tr. Case No.104/90 1996 (Vol.1) IBR 155
- BCI Tr. Case No.52/89 1994 (Vol.1) IBR 187
- BCI Tr. Case No.127/88 1992 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 125
- BCI Tr. Case No.39/87 1992 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 147
- BCI Tr. Case No.39/89 1992 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 149
- BCI Tr. Case No.16/88 1989 (Vol.1) IBR 99
- BCI Tr. Case No.2/88 1989 (Vol.1) IBR 102
- BCI Tr. Case No.52/88 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 110
- DC Appeal No.41/87 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 122
- BCI Tr. Case No.29/81 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 245
- DC Appeal No.14/88 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 258
- BCI Tr. Case No.14/80 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 264
- DC Appeal No.24/87 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 273
- DC Appeal No.46/86 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 280
- DC Appeal No.3/88 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 285
- BCI Tr. Case No.2/80 1989 (Vol.2) IBR 289
- BCI Tr. Case No.10/86 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 520
- BCI Tr. Case No.101/88 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 524
- DC Appeal No.23/88 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 532
- DC Appeal No.35/87 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 536
- BCI Tr. Case No.27/88 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 542
- BCI Tr. Case No.6/84 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 560
- BCI Tr. Case No.24/86 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 563
- DC Appeal No.10/88 1989 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 572
- DC Appeal No.45/74 1988 (Vol. 1 &2) IBR 182
- DC Appeal No.23/87 1989 (Vol.1& 2) IBR 187
- DC Appeal No.6/81 1988 (Vol.1& 2) IBR 193
- BCI Tr. Case No.16/86 1988 (Vol.1& 2) IBR 197
- DC Appeal No.41/86 1988 (Vol.1& 2) IBR 200
- DC Appeal No.33/86 1988 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 354
- DC Appeal No.21/85 1988 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 359
- BCI Tr. Case No.43/82 1988 (Vol. 3 &4) IBR 364
- DC Appeal No.28/86 1988 (Vol.3& 4) IBR 374
- DC Appeal No.64/74 1987 (Vol.2) IBR 314
- DC Appeal No.30/84 1987 (Vol.2) IBR 319
- DC Appeal No.40/86 1987 (Vol.3) IBR 488
- DC Appeal No.10/86 &10A/86 1987 (Vol.3) IBR 491
- DC Appeal No.7/86 1987 (Vol.3) IBR 496
- DC Appeal No.7/81 1987 (Vol.4) IBR 735
- DC Appeal No.12/86 1987 (Vol.4) IBR 745
- BCI Tr. Case No.57/87 1987 (Vol.4) IBR 753
Unit – V : Accountancy for lawyers
Need for maintenance of accounts- Books of accounts that need to be maintained- Cash Book, journal and ledger
Elementary aspects of bookkeeping: Meaning, object, journal, double entry system, closing of accounts
The cash and bulk transaction- The Cash book- Journal proper especially with reference to client’s accounts- Ledger, Trial balance and final accountsCommercial mathematics
Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.