Medical Entrance Exam : AIPMT : AIPMT Syllabus for Chemistry 2014

AIPMT Syllabus for Chemistry 2014

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AIPMT Entrance Exam 2014 Chemistry Syllabus Page 1

Unit 18 : p – Block Elements

Introduction to p – block elements

Electronic configurations and general trends in properties, viz. atomic sizes, ionization enthalpies, electronegativity values, electron gain enthalpies and oxidation states across the periods and down the groups in the p – block.

Unique behaviour of the top element in each group of the block – the covalency limit and the pπ – pπ overlap in some molecules (e.g. N2, O2) and i ts consequences; general trend in catenation tendency down each group.

Group – wise study of the p – block Elements

Group 13 – In addition to the general characteristics as outlined above, properties and uses of aluminium, nature of hydrides / halides and oxides; Properties, structures and uses of diborane boron halides, aluminium chloride, borax, boric acid and alums.

Group 14 – In addition to the general characteristics; carbon – catenation, allotropic forms ( diamond and graphite ), properties and structures of oxides; silicon – silicon tetrachloride, and structures and uses of silicates, silicones and zeolites.

Group 15 – In addition to the general characteristics, the general trends in the nature and structures of hydrides, halides and oxides of these elements. Preparation and properties of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and halides of phosphorus, structures of the oxoacids of phosphorus.

Group 16 – In addition to the general characteristics, preparations, properties and uses of dioxygen, simple oxides, ozone; sulphur – allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid, industrial preparations of sulphuric acid, structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group 17 – In addition to the general characteristics, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, oxides and oxoacids of halogens ( structures only ), preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides. Interhalogen compounds ( structures only ).

Group 18 – General introduction, electronic configurations, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties and uses, – fluorides and oxides of xenon ( structures only ).

Unit 19 : The d – and f – Block elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic property, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; preparations and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Unit 20 : Coordination Compounds

Introduction to ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties, and shapes; IUPAC – nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism , bonding – valence bond approach to the bonding and basic ideas of Crystal Field Theory, colour and magnetic properties.

Elementary ideas of metal – carbon bonds and organometall ic compounds, importance of co – ordination compounds ( in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems ).

Unit 21 : Some basic principles of Organic Chemistry

- Tetravalence of carbon, hybridization ( s and p ), shapes of simple molecules, functional groups : -C = C – , – CC – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series, isomerism.

- General introduction to naming organic compounds – trivial names and IUPAC nomenclature.

- Electronic displacement in a covalent bond; inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation. Fission of covalent bond : free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles, carbocations and carbonanions.

- Common types of organic reactions : substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions.

Unit 22 : Hydrocarbons

Alkanes and cycloalkanes : classification of hydrocarbons, alkanes and cycloalkanes, nomenclature and conformations of alkanes and cycloalkanes.

Alkenes and alkynes : Nomenclature and isomerism, general methods of preparation, properties ( physicaland chemical ), mechanism of electrophilic addition, Markownikoff’s rule, peroxide effect, acidic character of alkynes, polymerisation reactions.

Aromatic hydrocarbons : Benzene and its homologues, nomenclature, sources of aromatic hydrocarbons ( coaland petroleum ), structure of benzene, chemical reaction of benzene – mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Directive influence of substituents and their effecton reactivity.

Petroleum and petrochemicals : Composition of crude oil fractionation and uses, quality of gasoline, LPG, CNG, cracking and reforming, petrochemicals.

Unit 23 : Purification and characterization of carbon compounds

- Purification of Carbon Compounds : Filtration, Crystallisation, Sublimation, Distillation Chromatography.

- Qualitative Analysis : Detection of Nitrogen, Sulphur, Phosphorus and Halogens.

- Quantitative Analysis : Estimation of different Elements ( H, N, halogens, S and P ).

- Determination of molecular masses : Silver salt method, chloroplatinate salt method, calculations of empirical and molecular formulas.

Unit 24 : Organic Compounds with Functional Groups containing Halogens ( X )

- Nature of C – X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes, nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, reactivity of C – X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes.

- Some commercially important compounds : dichloro, trichloro and tetrachloromethanes; pdichlorobenzene, freons, BHC, DDT, their uses and important reactions.

Unit 25 : Organic Compounds with Functional Groups containing Oxygen

Alcohols and Phenols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; chemical reactivity of phenols in electrophilic substitutions, acidic nature of phenol, ethers : electronic structure, structure of functional group, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, some commercially important compounds.

Aldehydes and Ketones : Electronic structure of carbonyl group, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions, relative reactivity of aldehydic and ketonic groups, acidity of a – hydrogen, aldol condensation. Connizzarro reaction, nucleophilic addition reaction to > C = O groups.

Carboxylic Acids : Electronic structure of -COOH, Nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical properties and effect of substituents on a -carbon on acid strength, chemical reactions.

Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids : Electronic structure of acid chloride, acid anhydride, ester and amide groups, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives. Some commercially important compounds.

Unit 26 : Organic Compounds with functional group containing nitrogen

- Structure, nomenclature of nitro, amino, cyano and diazo compounds.

- Nitro compounds – important methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions.

- Amines : primary, secondary and tertiary amines, a general awareness, important methods of preparation, physical properties, basic character of amines, chemical reactions.

- Cyanides and isocyanides : preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions.

- Diazonium salts : Preparation, chemical reaction and uses of benzene diazonium chloride. Some commercially important nitrogen containg carbon compounds, ( aniline, TNT )

Unit 27 : Polymers

Classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation : addition free radical, cationic, anionic polymerization, copolymerisation, natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers, condensation polymers, idea of macromolecules, biodegradable polymers.

Some commercially important polymers ( PVC, teflon, polystyrene, nylon – 6 and 66, terylene and bakelite ).

Unit 28 : Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollutions, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid – rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for controlling environmental pollution.

Unit 29 : Biomolecules

Carbohydrates : Classification, aldose and ketose, monosaccharides ( glucose and fructose ), oligosaccharides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ), polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ); important simple chemical reactions of glucose, elementary idea of structure of pentose and hexose.

Proteins : Elementary idea of a – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins; primary, secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and quaternary structure ( gualitative idea only ), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins : Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids : Chemical composition of DNA and RNA.

Lipids : Classification and structure.

Hormones : Classification and functions in biosystem.

Unit 30 : Chemistry in Everyday Life

- Chemicals in medicines : Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antacids, antihistamins.

- Chemicals in food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents.

- Cleansing agents : Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

- Rocket propellants : Characteristics and chemicals used.

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AIPMT 2014 Syllabus for Chemistry [ Introduction to p-block elements ]

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