Medical Entrance Exam : AIPMT : AIPMT Syllabus for Chemistry 2014

AIPMT Syllabus for Chemistry 2014

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AIPMT Entrance Exam 2014 Chemistry Syllabus Page 1

Unit 18 : Coordination Compounds

Introduction to ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties, and shapes; IUPAC – nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism , bonding – valence bond approach to the bonding and basic ideas of Crystal Field Theory, colour and magnetic properties.

Elementary ideas of metal – carbon bonds and organometall ic compounds, importance of co – ordination compounds ( in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems ).

Unit 19 : Hydrocarbons

Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.

Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.

Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.

Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

Unit 20 : Polymers

Classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation : addition free radical, cationic, anionic polymerization, copolymerisation, natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers, condensation polymers, idea of macromolecules, biodegradable polymers.

Some commercially important polymers ( PVC, teflon, polystyrene, nylon – 6 and 66, terylene and bakelite ).

Unit 21 : Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollutions, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid – rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for controlling environmental pollution.

Unit 22 : Biomolecules

Carbohydrates : Classification, aldose and ketose, monosaccharides ( glucose and fructose ), oligosaccharides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ), polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ); important simple chemical reactions of glucose, elementary idea of structure of pentose and hexose.

Proteins : Elementary idea of a – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins; primary, secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and quaternary structure ( gualitative idea only ), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins : Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids : Chemical composition of DNA and RNA.

Unit 23 : Chemistry in Everyday Life

- Chemicals in medicines : Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antacids, antihistamins.

- Chemicals in food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.

- Cleansing agents : Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

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AIPMT 2014 Syllabus for Chemistry [ Introduction to p-block elements ]

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