|AIPMT 2016 Question Papers Book + Question Bank CD -|
Unit 18 : Coordination Compounds
Introduction to ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties, and shapes; IUPAC – nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism , bonding – valence bond approach to the bonding and basic ideas of Crystal Field Theory, colour and magnetic properties.
Elementary ideas of metal – carbon bonds and organometall ic compounds, importance of co – ordination compounds ( in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems ).
Unit 19 : Hydrocarbons
Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Unit 20 : Polymers
Classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation : addition free radical, cationic, anionic polymerization, copolymerisation, natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers, condensation polymers, idea of macromolecules, biodegradable polymers.
Some commercially important polymers ( PVC, teflon, polystyrene, nylon – 6 and 66, terylene and bakelite ).
Unit 21 : Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollutions, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid – rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for controlling environmental pollution.
Unit 22 : Biomolecules
Carbohydrates : Classification, aldose and ketose, monosaccharides ( glucose and fructose ), oligosaccharides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ), polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ); important simple chemical reactions of glucose, elementary idea of structure of pentose and hexose.
Proteins : Elementary idea of a – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins; primary, secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and quaternary structure ( gualitative idea only ), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
Vitamins : Classification and functions.
Nucleic Acids : Chemical composition of DNA and RNA.
Unit 23 : Chemistry in Everyday Life
– Chemicals in medicines : Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antacids, antihistamins.
– Chemicals in food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
– Cleansing agents : Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.