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Dr DY Patil Kolhapur AICET 2020 Chemistry Syllabus
Unit 1 : Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- General Introduction : Importance and scope of chemistry. Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory : concept of elements, atoms and molecules. Atomic and molecular masses mole concept and molar mass : Avogadro’s law and Avogadro number, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichimetry.
Unit 2 : States of Matter : Gases and Liquids
- Three states of matter. Intermolecular interactions, type of bonding. Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law. Ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation. Ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases. Critical temperature. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds ( elementary idea ) Liquid State – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension ( qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations ).
Unit 3 : Structure of Atom
- Discovery of electron, proton and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and sub shells, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital’s, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbital’s, rules for filling electrons in orbital’s – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hunds rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbital’s.
Unit 4 : Periodic Table
- Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii.
Unit 5 : Redox Reactions
- Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, Balancing of redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number.
Unit 6 : Chemical Equilibrium
- Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium, Le Chatelier”s principle. Ionic equilibrium : Ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH. Hydrolysis of salts ( elementary idea ). Buffer solutions, solubility product, common ion effect ( with illustrative examples. )
Unit 7 : Nature of Chemical Bond
- Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond parameters. Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules.
Unit 8 : s – Block Elements ( Alkali and Alkaline earth metals )
- Group 1 and Group 2 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties ( such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii ), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. Preparation and properties of some important compounds : Sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium. Calcium oxide and calcium carbonate ( CaO ) ( CaC03 ) and industrial uses of lime and limestone, biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium.
Unit 9 : p – Block Elements
Group Introduction to p – Block Elements
- Group 13 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. Variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group. Boron – physical and chemical properties, some important compounds : borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium; uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
- Group 14 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first element. Carbon – catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important Compounds; oxides. Important compounds of silicon and their uses : silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites and structure of silicates.
- Group 15 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds of nitrogen; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen ( structure only ); Phoshorous – allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous; preparation and properties of phosphine, halides ( PCI3,PCI5 ) and oxoacids ( elementary idea only ).
- Group 16 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen; preparation, properties and uses; Classification of oxides, simple oxides; Ozone.
- Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur; preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid; industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxyacids of sulphur ( structures only ).
- Group 17 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens; preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxyacids of halogens ( structure only ).
- Group 18 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration. Occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit 10 : Basic Principles and Techniques in Organic Chemistry
- General introduction, methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis, Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Melting point and boiling point. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond; inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond; free radicals,carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
Unit 11 : Alkanes
- Classification of hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations ( ethane only ), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Unit 12 : Alkenes
- Nomenclature, structure of double bond ( ethane ), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation. Chemical reactions; addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides ( MarkovnikoffS addition and peroxide effect ) ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Unit 13 : Alkynes
- Nomenclature, structure of triple bond ( ethylene ), physical properties. Methods of preparation, chemical reactions : acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, water.
Unit 14 : Aromatic compounds
- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene; resonance aromaticity; chemical properties; mechanism of electrophilic substitution. – nitration, sulphonaiton, halogenation, Friedel CraftQalkylation and acylation.
Unit 15 : Solutions and colligative properties
- Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapor pressure,Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass.Van’t Hoff factor.
Unit 16 : Chemical Thermodynamics and energetic
- Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings. Work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, HessDlaw of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation.
Unit 17 : Electrochemistry
- Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis ( elementary idea ), dry cell – electrolytic and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, fuel cells; corrosion.
Unit 18 : Chemical Kinetics
- Rate of reaction ( average and instantaneous ), factors affecting rate of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life ( only for zero and first order reactions ).
Unit 19 : d and f Block Elements
- d – Block Elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
f – Block Elements –
- Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states. Comparison with lanthanoids.
Unit 20 : Organic Chemistry Based for Functional Group – 1 ( Halides )
- Nomenclature of compounds containing halogen atoms and Preparation, properties and uses haloalkanes, Preparation, properties and uses of the polyhalogen compounds : Chloroform, idoform.
Unit 21 : Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Alcohols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties ( of primary alcohols only ); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses of methanol and ethanol.
- Phenols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
- Ethers : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit 22 : Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Aldehydes and Ketones : Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation. Physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
- CarboxylicAcids : Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
Unit 23 : Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines : Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
Unit 24 : Biomolecules
- Carbohydrates : Classification ( aldoses and ketoses ), monosaccahrides d – l configuration ( glucose and fructose ), oligosaccharides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ), polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ), importance.
- Proteins : Elementary idea of a – amino acids, peptide, linkage, polypeptides, proteins; structure of aminesprimary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures ( qualitative idea only ), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Unit 25 : Polymers
- Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization ( addition and condensation ), copolymerization. Some important polymers; natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, and rubber. Biodegradable and non biodegradable polymers.
Unit 26 : Chemistry in Everyday life
- Chemicals in medicines : analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines ( elementary idea of antioxidants ).
- Chemicals in food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents.
- Cleansing agents : Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.