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CSIR UGC NET 2018 Chemical Sciences Syllabus
- Chemical periodicity
- Structure and bonding in homo – and heteronuclear molecules, including shapes of molecules ( VSEPR Theory ) .
- Concepts of acids and bases, Hard – Soft acid base concept, Non – aqueous solvents.
- Main group elements and their compounds: Allotropy, synthesis, structure and bonding, industrial importance of the compounds.
- Transition elements and coordination compounds: structure, bonding theories, spectral and magnetic properties, reaction mechanisms.
- Inner transition elements: spectral and magnetic properties, redox chemistry, analytical applications.
- Organometallic compounds: synthesis, bonding and structure, and reactivity. Organo metallics in homogeneous catalysis.
- Cages and metal clusters.
- Analytical chemistry – separation, spectroscopic, electro – and thermo analytical methods.
- Bioinorganic chemistry: photosystems, porphyrins, metalloenzymes, oxygen transport, electron – transfer reactions; nitrogen fixation, metal complexes in medicine.
- Characterisation of inorganic compounds by IR, Raman, NMR, EPR, Mössbauer, UV – vis, NQR, MS, electron spectroscopy and microscopic techniques.
- Nuclear chemistry : nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, radio – analytical techniques and activation analysis.
- Basic principles of quantum mechanics: Postulates; operator algebra; exactly solvable systems: particle – in – a – box, harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom, including shapes of atomic orbitals; orbital and spin angular momenta; tunneling.
- Approximate methods of quantum mechanics: Variational principle; perturbation theory up to second order in energy; applications.
- Atomic structure and spectroscopy; term symbols; many – electron systems and antisymmetry principle.
- Chemical bonding in diatomics; elementary concepts of MO and VB theories; Huckel theory for conjugated π – electron systems.
- Chemical applications of group theory; symmetry elements; point groups; character tables; selection rules.
- Molecular spectroscopy : Rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic spectra; IR and Raman activities – selection rules; basic principles of magnetic resonance.
- Chemical thermodynamics : Laws, state and path functions and their applications; thermodynamic description of various types of processes; Maxwell’s relations; spontaneity and equilibria; temperature and pressure dependence of thermodynamic quantities; Le Chatelier principle; elementary description of phase transitions; phase equilibria and phase rule; thermodynamics of ideal and non – ideal gases, and solutions.
- Statistical thermodynamics : Boltzmann distribution; kinetic theory of gases; partition functions and their relation to thermodynamic quantities – calculations for model systems.
- Electrochemistry : Nernst equation, redox systems, electrochemical cells; DebyeHuckel theory; electrolytic conductance – Kohlrausch’s law and its applications; ionic equilibria; conductometric and potentiometric titrations.
- Chemical kinetics : Empirical rate laws and temperature dependence; complex reactions; steady state approximation; determination of reaction mechanisms; collision and transition state theories of rate constants; unimolecular reactions; enzyme kinetics; salt effects; homogeneous catalysis; photochemical reactions.
- Colloids and surfaces : Stability and properties of colloids; isotherms and surface area; heterogeneous catalysis.
- Solid state: Crystal structures; Bragg’s law and applications; band structure of solids.
- Polymer chemistry : Molar masses; kinetics of polymerization.
- Data analysis : Mean and standard deviation; absolute and relative errors; linear regression; covariance and correlation coefficient.
- IUPAC nomenclature of organic molecules including regio – and stereoisomers.
- Principles of stereochemistry : Configurational and conformational isomerism in acyclic and cyclic compounds; stereogenicity, stereoselectivity, enantioselectivity, diastereoselectivity and asymmetric induction.
- Aromaticity : Benzenoid and non – benzenoid compounds – generation and reactions.
- Organic reactive intermediates : Generation, stability and reactivity of carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes.
- Organic reaction mechanisms involving addition, elimination and substitution reactions with electrophilic, nucleophilic or radical species. Determination of reaction pathways.
- Common named reactions and rearrangements – applications in organic synthesis.
- Organic transformations and reagents : Functional group interconversion including oxidations and reductions; common catalysts and reagents ( organic, inorganic, organometallic and enzymatic ) . Chemo, regio and stereoselective transformations.
- Concepts in organic synthesis : Retrosynthesis, disconnection, synthons, linear and convergent synthesis, umpolung of reactivity and protecting groups.
- Asymmetric synthesis : Chiral auxiliaries, methods of asymmetric induction –substrate, reagent and catalyst controlled reactions; determination of enantiomeric and diastereomeric excess; enantio – discrimination. Resolution – optical and kinetic.
- Pericyclic reactions – electrocyclisation, cycloaddition, sigmatropic rearrangements and other related concerted reactions. Principles and applications of photochemical reactions in organic chemistry.
- Synthesis and reactivity of common heterocyclic compounds containing one or two heteroatoms ( O, N, S ) .
- Chemistry of natural products : Carbohydrates, proteins and peptides, fatty acids, nucleic acids, terpenes, steroids and alkaloids. Biogenesis of terpenoids and alkaloids.
- Structure determination of organic compounds by IR, UV – Vis, 1H & 13C NMR and Mass spectroscopic techniques.
- Chemistry in nanoscience and technology.
- Catalysis and green chemistry.
- Medicinal chemistry.
- Supramolecular chemistry.
- Environmental chemistry.