KPSC KAS Examination Syllabus

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{tab=English Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 English Exam Syllabus

PAPER  – 1

Detailed study of a literary age ( 19th century ) :

The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the works of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Haslitt, Thackeray, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning. Arnold, George Eliot, Carlyle, Ruskin, Pater.

Evidence of first hand reading will be required. The paper will be designed to test not only the candidates’ knowledge of the authors prescribed but also their understanding of the main literary trends during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural background of the period may be included.


This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test to candidate’s critical ability.

1. Shakespeare – As you like it; Henry IV Part I and II; Hamlet; The Tempest

2. Milton – Paradise Lost

3. Jane Austen – Emma

4. Wordsowrth – The Prelude

5. Dickens – David Copperfield

6. George Eliot – Middlemarch

7. Hardy – Jude the Obscure

8. Yeats – The Second coming,

  • A Prayer for my Daughter,
  • Sailing to Byzantium
  • Maru – The Tower,
  • Among School Children
  • Easter 1916 – Byzantium
  • Leda and the Swan
  • Lapis Lazudili

9. Eliot – The Waste land

10. D.H. Lawrence – The Rainbow

{tab=Kannada Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Kannada Syllabus for Exam


Section – 1 History of Kannada language.

What is language? Classification of language. General characteristics of Dravidian languages; Competitive and contrastive features of Kannada and other Dravidian languages; Kannada alphabets, Some salient features of Kannada grammer, gender, number, case, verbs, tense and pronouns. Chronological stages of Kannada language, influence of other languages on Kannada language borrowing and semantic changes, Kannada language and its dialects, literary and colloquial style of Kannada.

Section – II : History of Kannada Literature

The literature’s of 10th, 12th, 16th, 17th, 19th and 20th centuries are to be studied against their social, religious and political backgrounds. And the following literary forms of Kannada with reference to their origin, development and achievement have to be critically studied on the basis of the poets listed below :

Champu : Pampa, Ranna, Nayasena, Harihara, Janna, Andayya, Tirumalarya and Shadakshari.
Vachana : Devara Dasimayya, Basavanna and his contemporaries.
Ragale : Harihara, Srinivasa – ‘Navarathri’, Kuvempu – Chitrangada and Sri Ramayanadarshanam.
Shatpadi : Raghavanka, Kumudendu, Chamarasa, Kumaravyasajorave Narahari, Lakshmisha and Virupaksha Pandita.
Sangatya : Deparaja Sisumayana Nanjunda, Rathanakaravarni, Honamma.
Prose : Sivakotyacharya, Chavundaraya Harihara. Tirumalaraya, Kempu Narayana and Muddana.

Section – III : Poetics :

The functional differences of poetics and criticism. Definitions and aims of poetry, Enunciation of thesis of the various schools of Poetry, Alankara, Reeti, Vakrokti, Rasa, Dhvani & Auchitya, Definition and discussion of Rasasutra of Bharata, Discussion of the number of Rasas. Aesthetic experience, the nature of Intellect, vyutpathi, prathima, psychical distance of fundamental principles of criticism the qualification of a Sahradaya and the critic. The recent forms of Kannada literature.

Section – IV : Cultural History of Karnataka :

Karnataka Culture against Indian background; Antiquity of Karnataka culture, A broad acquaintance of the following dynasties of Karnataka : Chalukyas of Badami and Kalyana, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas and Emperors Vijayanagar. Religious Movements in Karnataka, Social Conditions. Art and Architecture. Freedom Movement in Karnataka, Unification of Karnataka.


This paper will require first-hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates’s critical ability.

Section – I : Old Kannada – ( Halagannada ) Adi Purana Sangraha: L. Gundappa, Vikramarjunavijaya ( cantos 9 and 10 )

Section – II: Middle Kannada : ( Nadugannada ) Basavannanavara Vachanagalu Dr. L. Basavaraju, published by Gita Book House, Mysore – 1, Basavarajedevara Ragale : Edited by T.S. Venkannaiah, Harischandra Kavya Sangraha : Edited by T.S. Venkannaiah andA.R. Krishnasastri, Udyogaparva : sangraha: Edited by T.S. Shamarao, Paramartha ( Vachanas of Sarvajnaa ) Edited by Dr. L.Basavaraju, Gita Book House, Mysore, Bharatesa vai bhava sangraha ( I to IV Cantos )

Section – III : Modern Kannada : ( Hosagannada ) Poetry : Kannada Bavuta : Edited by B.M. Srikanthaiah, Kannada Kavya sangraha : Dr. U.R. Anantha Murthy, National Book Trust of India, Sankramana Hosa Kavya :
Edited by Chandrashekara Patila and others. Novel : Malegalalli Madumagalu : Kuvempu, Chomaana dudi : Sivaram Karanta, Bharatipura : U.R. Anantha Murthy. Short Story : Kannada Atyuttama Sanna Kathegalu : Edited by K. Narasimhamurthy. Nataka : Drama : Ashwathaman : B.M. Sri, Beralgkoral : Kuvempu, Essay : Hosagannada Prabhanda Sankalana : Edited by Gorur Ramaswamy Ayyangar.

Section – IV Folk literature : Garatiya hadu : Edited by Channamallappa and others. Jivana jokali ( Part – III ) Garatiyara garime : Edited by Dr. M.S. Sunkapur Belagavi Jilleya; Janapada Kathegalu : Edited by T.S. Rajappa, Namma suttana gadegalu : Edited by Sudhakara, Namma Ogatugalu : Edited by Rame Gowda ( Ra Gow ).

{tab=Anthropology Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus For Anthropology Subject

Paper – 1

SECTION – I – Foundation of Anthropology:

  1. Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches;
  2. Social and cultural anthropology;
  3. Physical Anthropology;
  4. Archaeological Anthropology;
  5. Linguistic Anthropology;
  6. Applied Anthropology.

II. Community and Society Institutions, group and association; culture and civilization; band and tribe.

III. Marriage : The problems of universal definition; incest and prohibited categories; preferential forms of marriage; marriage payments; the family as the corner stone of human society; universality and the family, functions of the family, diverse forms of family, nuclear, extended, joint etc., Stability and change in the family.

IV. Kinship : Descent, residence, alliance, kins, terms and kinship behaviour, Lineage and clan.

V. Economic Anthropology : Meaning and scope; modes of exchange, barter and ceremonial exchange; reciprocity and redistribution; market and trade.

VI. Political Anthropology : Meaning and scope: The locus and power and the functions of Legitimate authority in different societies, Difference between State and Stateless political systems, Nation – building processes in new State, Law and justice in simpler societies.

VII. Origins of Religions : Animism and animatism, Difference between religion and magic, Totamism and Taber.

VIII. Field work and field work tradition in Anthropology


1. Foundations of the theory of organic evolution, Lamarckism, Darwinism and the synthetic theory; Human evolution, biological and cultural dimensions. Microevolution;

2. The Order Primate : A comparative study of Primates with special reference to the anthropoid apes and man.

3. Fossil evidence, for human evolution; Dryopithecus, Ramapithecus, Australopilecines, Homo erectus ( Pithecanthroplines ) Homosapiens, Neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens.

4. Genetics definition : The medelian principles and its application to human population.

5. Racial differentiation of Man and basis of racial classification – morphological, seriological and genetic, Role of heridity and environment In the formation of races.

6. The effects of nutrition, Inbreeding and hybridization.


1. Technique, method and methodology distinguished.

2. Meaning of evolution-biological and socio – cultural the basic assumptions of 19th century evolutionism, The comparative trends, Contemporary trends in evolutionary studies.

3. Diffusion and diffusionism – American diffusionism and historical ethnology of the German speaking ethnologists, The attack on the comparative method by diffusionists and Franz Boss. The nature, purpose and methods of comparison in social cultural anthropology Redelife – Brown, Eggan, Oscar Lewis and Sarana.

4. Patterns, basic personality construct and model personality. The relevance of anthropological approach to national character studies, Recent trends in psychological anthropology.

5. Function and cause, Mainowski’s contribution to functionalism in social anthropology, Function and structure, Redciliffe – Brown, Firth, Fortes and Nadel.

6. Structuralism in linguistics and in social anthropology, Levi – Strauss and Leach in viewing social structure as a model the structuralist method in the study of myth. New Ethnography and formal semantic analysis.

7. Norms and Values, Values as a category of anthropological description. Values of anthropologist and anthropology as a source of values, Cultural relativism and the issue of universal values.

8. Social anthropology and history, Scientific and humanistic studies distinguished. A critical examination of the plea for the unity of method of the natural and social sciences. The nature and logic of anthropological field work method and its autonomy.

Paper – II – Indian Anthropology

Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Protohistoric ( Indus civilization ) dimensions of Indian culture. Distribution and racial and linguistic elements In Indian population. The basis of Indian social system, Varna, Ashram, Purusharatha, Caste, Joint Family.

The growth of Indian anthropology, Distinctiveness of anthropological contribution in the study of tribal and peasant sections of the Indian population, The basic concepts used, Great tradition and little tradition; sacred complex Universalization and parochialization; Sanskritization and Westernization; Dominant caste, Tribe – caste continuum, Nature – Man – Spirit complex.

Ethnographic profiles of Indian tribes; racial linguistic and socioeconomic characteristic, Problems of tribal peoples, land – alienation, indebtedness, lack of educational facilities, shifting – cultivation, migration, forests and tribals unemployment, agricultural labour.

Special problems of hunting and food – gathering and other minor tribes. The problems of culture – contact; impact of urbanization and industrialization depopulation, regionalism, economic and psychological frustrations.

History of tribal administration, The constitutional safeguards for the Scheduled Tribes, Policies, Plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementations, the response of the tribal people to the Government measures for them, the different approaches to tribal problems, the role of anthropology in tribal development.

The constitutional provisions regarding the scheduled castes, Social disabilities suffered by the Scheduled Castes and the socio – economic problems faced by them. Issues relating to national integration.

{tab=Hindi Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Hindi Examination Syllabus


1. History of Hindi Language

i) Grammatical and Lexical features of Apabhramsa, Avahatta and early Hindi.
ii) Evolution of avadhi and Braj Bhasa as literary language during the Medieval period.
iii) Evolution of Khari Boli Hindi as Literary language during the 19th century
iv) Standardization of Hindi language with Devanagari script.
v) Development of Hindi as Rashtra Bhasha during the Freedom struggle.
vi) Development of Hindi as official language of Indian Union since Independence.
vii) Major Dialects of Hindi and their inter – relationship.
viii) Significant grammatical features of standard Hindi.

2. History of Hindi Literature :

i) Chief Characteristics of the major periods of Hindi literature; Viz, Adi Kal, Bhakti Kal, Riti Kal, Bhartendu Kal and Dwivedi Kal, etc.

ii) Significant features of the main literary trends, and tendencies in Modern Hindi, viz., Chayavad Rahasyavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nayi Kavita, Nayi Kahanai, Akavita, etc.

iii) Rise of Novel and Realism in Modern Hindi.

iv) A brief history of theatre and drama in Hindi.

v) Theories of literary criticism in Hindi and major Hindi literary critics.

vi) Origin and development of literary genres in Hindi.


This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

  1. Kabir : Kabir Granthavali by Shyam Sundar Das ( 200 Stanzas from the beginning )
  2. Surdas : Bhramara Geet Saar ( 200 Stanzas from the beginning only )
  3. Tulsidas : Ramacharit manas ( Ayodhyakand only ) Kavitavali ( Uttarkand only )
  4. Bharatendu Harischandra : Andher Nagari
  5. Prem Chand : Godan, Manas sarovar ( Bhag Ek )
  6. Jayashanker : Chandragupta
  7. Prasad : Kamayani ( Chinta, Shradha Dajja & Ida only )
  8. Ramachandra Shukla : Chintamani ( Pahila Bhag ) ( 10 Essays from the beginning )
  9. Suryakant : Anamika ( Saroj Smriti )
  10. Tripathi Nirala : Ramki Shakti ( Pooja only )
  11. S.H. Vatsayan : Shekar K. Jeevani ( Two Parts ),
  12. Agyena : ( Two Parts )
  13. Gajanan Madhav : ( Chand Ka Mukh Terha Hei )
  14. Muktibodh : ( Andhere mem only )

{tab=Physics Syllabus}

Physics Syllabus For KPSC KAS 2013 Examination

The selection is done on the basis of marks scored by candidates in the commission’s examination ( preliminary and main ) and personality test.

Check below the detailed syllabus of Physics subject.

Paper I

1. Mechanics : Conservation Laws, Collision impact parameter, scattering cross-section, centre of Mass and Lab systems with transformations of Physical quantities. Rutherford Scattering. Motion of a rocket under constant force field. Rotating frames of reference, Coriolis force, Motion of rigid bodies. Angular Momentum, Torque and Procession of top, Gyroscope, Central forces Motion under universe square law, Kepler’s Laws, Motion of Satellites ( including geostationary ). Galiliean Relativity, Special theory of relativity, Micheison Morley Experiment, Lorentz Transformations – addition theorem of velocities. Variation of mass with velocity, Mass energy equivalence. Fluid dynamics, streamlines, turbulence, Bernouili’s Equation with simple application.

2. Thermal Physics : Laws of Thermo dynamics, Entropy, Carnot’s cycle, Isothermal and Adiabatic changes. Thermodynamic Potentials, Maxwell’s relations, the clausius Clapeyron equation, reversible cell, Joule Kelvin effect, Stefan Boltsmann Law. Kinetic theory of Gases, Maxwell’s Distribution Law of velocities. Equipartition of energy. Specific heats of gases, mean free path, Brownian Motion, Black Body radiation specific heat of solids, Enstein & Debye’s theories, Wein’s Law, Planck’s Law, Solar Constant, Thermalionization and Stelar Spectra. Production of low temperature using adiabatic demagnetization and dilution refrigeration, Concept of negative temperature.

3. Waves and Oscillations :

Oscillations, Simple harmonic motion, stationary and traveling waves, Damped harmonic motion, Forced oscillation and Resonance, Wave equation, Harmonic Solutions, Plane and spherical waves, Super position of waves. Phase and Group velocities, Beats, Huygen’s Principle, Interference, Diffraction – Fresnel & Fraunhofer. Diffraction by straight edge, single and multiple slits. Resolving power of grating and Optical Instruments. Rayleigh’s, Criterion, Polarization; Production and Detection of polarized light ( linear, circular and elliptical ) Laser sources ( Helium, Neon, Ruby and semi conductor diode ). Concepts of spatial and temporal coherence. Diffraction as a Fourier Transformation. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction by rectangular and circular apertures. Holography; theory and applications.

Paper – II

1. Electricity & Magnetism : Coulomb’s Law, Electric field. Gauss’s law, Electric potential. Poisson and Laplace
equations for a homogeneous dietectric, uncharged conducting plane. Magnetic Shell. Magnetic induction and field strength. Biot Savart’s law and applications. Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws, Self and Mutual Induction. Alternating currents. L.C.R. circuits, series and parallel resonance circuits, quality factor, Kirchoff’s laws with applications. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector. Magnetic fields in matter dia para, ferro antiferro and ferri magnetism ( qualitative approach only ).

2. Modern Physics : Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Electron spin. Optical and X-ray Spectra. Stern – Gerlach experiment and coaxial quantization. Vector model of the atom, spectral terms, fine structure of spectral lines. J J and L S coupling Zeeman effect. Pouli’s exclusion principle, spectral terms of two equivalent and non equivalent electrons. Gross and fine structure of electronic band Spectra. Raman effect, Photoelectric effect. Compton effect. De Brogile waves. Wave – Particle duality and uncertainity principle.

Schrodinger wave equation with application to (i) Particle (ii) Motion across a step potential, one dimensional harmonic oscillator eigen values and eigen functions. Uncertainity principle Radioctivity. Alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Elementary theory of the alpha decay. Nuclear binding energy. Mass spectroscopy, Semi empirical mass formula. Nuclear fission and fusion. Nuclear Reactors. Elementary particles and their classification. Strong and Weak Electromagnetic interactions. Particle accelerator; cyclotron, Leniar accelerators, Elementary ideas of Superconductivity.

3. Electronics : Band theory of solids – conductors, insulators and semi conductors, Intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors. P – N junction. Thermistor, Zener diode, reverse and forward biased P – N junction, solar cell. Use of diodes and transistors for rectification, amplification, oscillation, modulation and detection of r.f. waves. Transistor receiver. Television. Logic Gates.

{tab=Geology Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Geology Exam Syllabus

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus for Geology subject is as listed below. The Exam Pattern consists of two Parts. For detailed note read on.


(I) General Geology : Energy in relation to Geo – dynamic activities, Origin and interior of the Earth, Dating of rocks by various methods and age of the Earth, Volcanoes – causes and products; volcanic belts, Earthquakes – causes, geological effect and distribution; relation to volcanic belts. Geosynclines and their classification, Island areas, deep sea trenches and midocean ridges, sea – floor spreading and plate tectonics, Isostracy Mountains – types and origin, brief ideas about continental drift, origin of continents and oceans, Radioactivity and its application to geological problems.

(II) Geomorphology : Basic concepts and significance, Geomorphic processes and parameters, Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation, Relief features; topography and its relation to structures and lithology, Major landforms, drainage systems, Geomorphic features of Indian subcontinent.

(III) Structural Geology : Stress and strain ellipsoid, and rock deformation. Mechanics of folding and faulting. Linear and planer structures and their genetic significance, Petrofatric analysis, its Graphic representation and application to geological problems, Tectonic frame work of India.

(IV) Palaeontology : Micro and Macro-fossils, Modes of preservation and utility of fossils, General idea about classification and nomenclature, Organic evolution and the bearing of palaeontological studies on it. Morphology, classification and geological history including evolutionary trends of brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, ammonids, trilobites, echinoids and corals. Principal groups of vertebrates and their main morphological characters, Vertebrates life through ages; dinosaurs; Siwalik vertebrates, Detailed study of horses, elephants and man, Gondwana flora and its importance. Types of microfossils and their significance with special reference to Petroleum exploration.

(V) Stratigraphy : Principles of Stratigraphy, Stratigraphic classification and nomenclature, Standard stratigraphical scale, Detailed study of various geological systems of Indian Subcontinent, Boundary problems in stratigraphy, Correlation of the major Indian formations with their world equivalents, An outline of the stratigraphy of various geological systems in their type areas, Brief study of climates and igneous activities in Indian sub – continent during geological past, Paleogeographic reconstitutions.


(I) Crystallography : Crystalline and non – crystalline substances, Special groups, Lattice symmetry, Classification of crystals into 32 classes of symmetry, international system of crystallographic notation, Use of stereographic projections to represent crystal symmetry, Twinning and twin laws, Crystal irregularities, Application of X – Rays for crystal studies.

(II) Optical Mineralogy : General principles of optics, Isotropism and anisotropism; concepts of optical indicatrix. Pleochroism; interference colours and extinction, Optic orientation in crystals. Dispersion, Optical accessories.

(III) Mineralogy : Elements of crystal chemistry – types of bondings, ionic radi – Coordination number. Isomorphism polymorphism and pseudomorphism, Structural classification of silicates, Detailed study of rock – forming minerals – their physical Chemical and optical properties, and uses, if any, study of the alternation products of these minerals.

(IV) Petrology : Magma, its generation, nature and composition, Simple – phase diagrams of binary and tertiary system and their significance, Bowen’s Reaction Principle, Magmatice differentiation; assimilation, Textures and structures and their petrogenetic significance, Classification of igneous rocks, Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock – types of India; granites and granites charnockites and charnockites, Deccan basalts. Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks, Diagenesis and lithification, Textures and structures and their significance, Classfication of sedimentary rocks, clastic and non – clastic. Heavy minerals and their significance, Elementary concept of depositional environments, sedimentary facis and provenance, Petrography of common rock types. Variable of metamorphism, Types of metamorphism, Metamorphic grades, zones and fades, ACF, AKF and AEM diagrams, Textures, structures and nomenclature of metamorphic rocks, Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock types.

V) Economic Geology : Concept of ore, ore mineral and gangue; tenor or ores, processes of formation of mineral deposits, common forms and structures of ore deposits, classification of ore deposits, Control of ore deposition Metalloginitic epochs, Study of important metallic and non – metallic deposits, oil and natural gas fields, and coal fields of India, Mineral wealth of India, Mineral economics, National Mineral policy, Conservation and utilization of minerals.

(VI) Applied Geology : Essentials of prospecting and exploration techniques, Principal methods of mining, sampling, ore dressing and benefication, Application of Geology in Engineering works. Elements of soil and groundwater geology and geochemistry, Use of aerial photographs in geological investigations.

{tab=Philosophy Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus For Philosophy Examination

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus for Philosophy subject is as listed below. The Exam Pattern consists of two Parts. For detailed note read on.


Metaphysics and Epistemology : Candidates will be expected to be familiar with theories and types of Epistemology and Metapysics-lndian and Westem – with special reference to the following :

(a) Western : Idealism; Realism; Absolutism; Empiricism, Rationalism; Logica; ‘L’ Positivism; Analysis; Phenomenology; Existentialism and pragmatism.

(b) Indian : Pararnans and Paramanys; Theories of truth and error; Philosophy of Languge of Meaning Theories of reality with reference to main system ( Orthodox and Heterdox of Philosophy ).


Socio – Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Religion.

  • Nature of Philosophy; its relation to life, thought and culture.
  • The following topics with special reference to the Indian context including Indian Constitution; Political Ideologies; Democracy Socialism Fascism, Theocracy, Communism and Sarvodaya Methods of Political Action; Constitutionalism, Revolution Terrorism and Sathyagraha.
  • Traditional change and Modernity with reference to Indian Social Institutions.
  • Philosophy of Religious Language and meaning.
  • Nature and scope of Philosophy of religion. Philosophy of Religion, with special reference to Budhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism.

a) Theology and Philosophy of Religion.

b) Foundations of religions belief Reason Revelation Faith and Mysticism.

c) God, Immortality of Soul, Liberation and Problem and Evil and Sin.

d) Equality : Unity and Universality of Religions; Religious tolerance conversions Secularism.

  • Moksha – Paths leading to Moksha.

{tab=Botany Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Botany Syllabus For Exam

The KPSC ( Karnataka Public Service Commission ) , established in 1951 under the provisions of the Constitution, recruits candidates to the various civil services across the state.

The selection is done on the basis of marks scored by candidates in the commission’s examination ( preliminary and main ) and personality test.

Check below the detailed syllabus of Botany subject.


1. Microbiology : Viruses, bacteria, plasmids, structure and reproduction, general account of infection and immunology, Microbes in agriculture, industry and medicine, and air, soil and water, control of pollution using microorganisms.

2. Pathology : Important plant diseases in India caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes. Modes of infection, dissemination, physiology and parasitism and methods of control, Mechanism of action of biocides, Fungal toxins.

3. Cryptogams : Structure and reproduction from evolutionary aspect, and ecology and economic importance of algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteridophytes, Principal distribution in India.

4. Phanerogams : Anatomy of wood, secondary growth, Anatomy of C3 and C4 plants, stomatal types. Embryology, barriers to sexual incompatibility, Seed Structure, Apomixis and Polyembryony, Palynology and its applications. Comparision of systems of classification of angiosperms, modern trends in biosystematics, Taxonomic and economic importance of Cycadaceae, Pinaceae, Genetales, Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Rosaceae, Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Umbelliferae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Compositae, Gramineae, Palmae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae.

5. Morphogenesis : Polarity, Symmetry and totipotency, differentation and dedifferentiation of cells and organs, factors of morphogenesis, Methodology and applications of cell, tissues, organ and protoplast cultures from vegetative and reproductive parts, Somatic hybrids.


1. Cell Biology : Scope and perspective general knowledge of modern tools and techniques in the study of cytology, Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, structural and ultrastructural details, functions of organelles including membranes, detailed study of mitosis and meiosis, numerical and structural variations in chromosome and their significance, study of polytene and lampbrush chromosomes structure, behaviour, and cytological significance.

2. Genetics and Evolution : Development of genetics and gene concept, structure and role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis and reproduction, Genetic code and regulation of gene expression, gene amplifications, mutation and evolution, Multiple factors, linkage and crossing over, methods of gene mapping, sex chromosomes and sexlinked inheritance, male sterility, its significance in plant breeding. Cytoplasmic inheritance, Elements of human genetics, standard deviation and Chisquare analysis, Gene transfer in microorganisms, Genetic engineering, Organic evolution, evidence, mechanism and theories.

3. Physiology and Biochemistry : Detailed study of water relations, Mineral nutrition and ion / transport, Mineral deficiencies, Photosynthesis – mechanism and importance, photosystems I and II, Photorespiration, Respiration and fermentation, Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism, protein synthesis, Enzymes, importance of secondary metabolites, Pigments as photoreceptors, Photoperiodism, flowering. Growth substances, their chemical nature, role and applications in agri – horticulture. Agrochemicals, Stress physiology, Vernalisation, Fruit and seed physiology, dormancy, storage and germination of seed, parthenocarpy, fruit ripening.

4. Ecology : Ecological factors, concept and dymanics of community, succession, concept of biospheres, Conservation of ecosystems, Pollution and its control, Forest types of India, Afforestation, deforestation and social forestry, endangered plants.

5. Economic Botany : Origin of cultivated plants, study of plants as sources of food, fodder and forage, fatty oils, wood and timber, fiber, paper, rubber, beverages, alcohol, drugs, narcotics, resins and gums, essential oils, dyes, mucilage, insecticides and pesticides, Plant indicators, Ornamental plants, Energy plantation.

{tab=Statistics Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus For Statistics Exam


I. Probability : Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, Statistical Independence, Random variable as a measurable function, Discourteous and continuous random variables, Probability density and distribution functions, marginal and conditional distribution functions of random variables and their distributions, expectations and movements, conditional expectation, correlation coefficient; convergence in probability in LP almost everywhere, Markov, Chebychev and Kolmogrov inequalities, Borel Cantelli Lemma, weak and strong law of large numbers probability generating and characteristic functions. Uniqueness and continuity theorems. Determination of distribution by moments. Liderbery – Devy Central limit theorem. Standard discrete and continuous probability distributions, their interrelations including limiting cases.

II. Statistical Inference : Properties of estimates, consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency, sufficiency and
completeness. Cramer – Rao bond, Minimum variance unbiased estimation, Rao – Blockwell and Lehmann Sheffe’s theorem methods of estimation by moments maximum likelihood, minimum Chi – square. Properties of maximum likelihood estimators confidence intervals for parameters of standard distribution.

Simple and composite hypotheses, statistical tests and critical region, two kinds of error, power function unbiased tests, most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests Neyman Person Lemma, optimal tests for simple hypotheses concerning one parameter, monotones likelihood ratio property and its use in constructing UMP tests, likelihood ratio criterion and its asymptotic distribution, Chi – square and Kilmogoro tests for goodness of fit. Run test for randomness Sign test for Location, Wilcoxon Mann – Whitney test and Kologor – Smirnov test for the two sample problem. Distribution free confidence intervals for quantities and confidence band for distribution function. Notions of a sequential test, Walds SPRT, its Cc and ASN function.

III. Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis : Theory of least squares and Analysis of variance, Qauss – Markoff theory, normal equations, least squares estimates and their precision. Tests of significance and Intervals estimates based on least square theory in one way, two way and three way classified date. Regression Analysis, linear regression, estimates and test about correlation and regression, estimates and tests about correlation and regression coefficient curve linear regression and orthogonal polynomials, test for linearity of regression Multivariate normal distribution, multiple regression, Multiple and partial correlation, Mahalanoblis D2 and Hotelling T2 – statistics and their applications ( derivations of distribution of D2 and T2 excluded ) Fisher’s discriminant analysis.


I. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments

Nature and scope of Sampling, simple random sampling, sampling from finite populations with and without replacement, estimation of the standard errors sampling with equal probabilities and PPS Sampling. Stratified random and systematic sampling two stage and multistage sampling. Multiphase and cluster sampling schemes. Estimation of population total and mean, use of biased and unbiased estimates auxiliary variables, double sampling standard errors of estimates cost and variance functions ratio and regression estimates and their relative efficiency. Planning and organization of sample surveys with special reference to recent large scale surveys conducted in India.

Principles of experimental designs, CRD, RED, LSD, missing plot technique factorial experiments 2n and 3n design general theory of total and partial confounding and fractional replication. Analysis of split plot, BIB and simple lattice designs.

II. Engineering Statistics : Concepts of quality and meaning of control. Different types of control charts like X – R charts, P charts np charts and cumulative sum control charge. Sampling inspection Vs 100 percent inspections. Single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes inspection, CC, ASM, and ATI, curves, Concept of producer’s risk and consumer’s risk. AQL, AQQL, LTPD etc. Variable sampling plants.

Definition of Reliability, maintainability and availability. Live distribution failure rate and both-tub, failure curve exponential and Welbull model. Reliability of series and Parallel systems and other simple configurations. Different types of redundancy like hot and cold and use of redundancy In reliability Improvement problem In life testing, censored and truncated experiments for exponential model.

III. Operational Research : Scope and definition of OR different types of models, their construction and obtaining solution. Homogenous discrete time Markov chains, transition probability martris, classification of states and ergodic theorems. Homogenous continuous time Markov chains. Elements of queuing theory, M / M / I and M / M / K queues, the problem of machine interference and GI / M / I and M / GI queues.

Concept of Scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems Simple models with determinist and stochastic demand with and without lead time. Storage models with particular reference to dam type.

The structure and formation of a Linear programming problem. The simplex procedure two phase methods and charnes – Method with artificial variables. The quality theory of liner programming and its economic interpretation Sensitivity analysis. Transportation and Assignment problems. Replacement of items that fail and those that deteriorate group and individual replacement policies. Introduction to computers and elements of Fortran IV programming formats for input and output statements specification and logical statements and sub-routines. Application to some simple statistical problems.

IV. Quantitative Economics : Concept of time series, additive and multiplicative models, resolution into; four
components, determination of trend by freehand drawing, moving averages, and fitting of mathematical curves, seasonal indices and estimate of the variance of the random components. Definition, construction, interpretation, and limitations of index numbers, Lespeyre Parsche Edgewoth Marshall and Fisher index numbers their comparisons tests for Index numbers and construction of cost of living index.

Theory and analysis of consumer demand – specification and estimation of demand function. Demand elasticities. Theory of production, supply functions and elasticities, input demand functions. Estimation of parameters in single equation model, classical least squares, generalized least squares, heterscedasticity, serial correlation, muticollinearity, errors in variables model, simultaneous equation models – identification, rank and order conditions. Indirect least squares and two; sage least squares. Short – term economic forecasting.

V. Demography and Psychometry : Sources of demographic data : census registration : NSS and other demographic surveys. Limitation and uses of demographic data.

Vital Rates and Ratios : Definition, construction and uses.                                        

Life tables, complete and abridged : construction of life tables from vital statisticsand census returns, Uses of life tables. Logistic and other population growth curves. Measure of fertility, Gross and net reproduction rates. Stable population theory, Uses of stable, and quasistable population techniques in estimation of demographic parameters. Mormidity and its measurement standard classification by cause of death. Health surveys and use of hospital statistics. Educational and psychological statistics methods of Standardisation of scales tests, IQ tests, reliability of test and T and Z scores.

{tab=Sociology Exam Syllabus}

KPSC KAS 2013 Syllabus For Sociology Exam

Below is the detailed note on Syllabus of Sociology and related topics to it.


Scientific Study of Social Phenomena : The Emergence of sociology and its relationships with other disciplines, science and social behaviour, the problem of objectivity, the scientific method and design of sociological research, techniques of date collection and measurement including participant and non – participant observation, interview schedules and questionnaires and measurement of attitudes. Pioneering contributions to sociology.

The seminal ideas of Durkheim, Weber, Redoliffe – brown, Malinowski, Parsons, Merton and Marx Historical materialism, alienation, class and class struggle durkheim, division of labour, social fact, religion and society, weber social action, types of authority, bureaucracy, rationality, protectant ethnic and the spirit of capitalism, ideal types. The individual and society, individual behaviour, social interaction, society and social group; social system, status and role, culture, personality and socialization, conformity, deviance and social control, role conflicts. Social stratification and mobility, Ineruality and stratification, different conceptions of class, theories of stratification, caste and class, class and society, types of mobility, inter – generational mobility, open and closed models of mobility.

Family Marriage and kinship, structure and functions of family, structural principles of kinship, family, descent and kinship, change in society, change in age and sex roles and change in marriage and family, marriage and divorce. Formal organisations, elements of formal and informal structures bureaucracy, modes of participation, democratic and authoritarian forms, voluntary associations.

Economic System : Property Concepts, Social dimensions of division of labour and types of exchange, social aspects of pre – industrial and industrial economic system, industrialization and changes in the political, educational, religious, familiar and stratification spheres, social determents and consequences of economic development.

Political System : The nature of social power community power structure; power of the elite, class power, organization power, power of unorganized masses, power authority and legitimacy, power it democracy and ittotalitarian society, political parties and voting.

Educational System : Social origins and orientation of students and teachers, equality of educational opportunity, education as a medium of cultural reproduction, indoctrination, social stratification and mobility, education and modernization.

Religion : The religions phenomenon, the sacred and the profane, social functions and dysfunctions of religion, magic religion and science, changed in society and changes – in religion secularization.

Social Change and Development : Social structure and social change, continuity and change as fact and as value, proceses of change, theories of change, social disorganization and social movement, types of social movements, directed social change, social policy and social development.


Society of India

Historical of the Mid Society : Traditional Hindu social organization, sociocultural dynamics through the ages, especially the impact of Budhism, and the modern West.factors in continuity and change.

Social : Caste system and its transformation aspects of ritual, economic and caste statis, cultural and structural views about caste, mobility in caste, issue of equality and social justice caste among the Hindus and the non-Hindus Casteism; the Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes, untouchability and its eradication; agrarian and industrial class structure.

Family, Marriage and Kinship : Regional variation in kinship systems and its sociocultural correlates changing aspects of Kinship, the joint family – its structural and functional aspects and its changing form and disorganization, marriage among different ethnic groups and economic categories, its changing trend and to future; impact of legislation and socio economic change upon family and marriage, intergenerations gap and youth unrest; changing status of women.

Economic System: The jainmani system and its bearing on the traditional society, market economy’and its social consequences, occupational diversification and social structure profession trade unique, social determinants and consequences of economic development, economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption.

Political Systems : The functioning of the democratic political system in a traditional society, political parties and their social composition, social structural origins of political elites and their social orientations, decentralization of power and political participation.

Educational System: Education and society in the traditional and the modem contexts, educational inequality and change, education and social mobility, educational problems of women, the Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes.

Religion: Demographic dimensions, geographical distribution and neighbourhood living patterns of major religions categories, interraligious interaction and its manifestation in the problems of conversion, minority status and communalism, secularism.

Tribal Societies and their Integrations : Distinctive feature of tribal communities, tribes and caste; acculturation and integration.

Rural Social System and Community Development: Socio – Cultural dimensions of the village community, traditional power structure democratization and leadership, poverty, indebtedness and bonded labour, social consequences of land reforms, Community development programme and other planned development projects and the Greed Revolution, New strategies to rural development.

Urban Social Organisation : Continuity and change in the traditional cases of social organization, namely, kinships, caste and religion in the urban context, stratification and mobility in urban communities, ethnic diversity and community integration, urban neighbourhoods, rural urban differences in demographic and sociocultural characteristics and their social consequences.

Population Dynamics: Socio – cultural aspects of sex and age structure, marital status, fertility and mortality, the problem of population explosion, social, psychological, cultural and economic factors in the adoption of family planning practices.

Social change and Modernization : Problems of Role Conflict Youth unrest inter – generational gap changing Status of Women, Major Sources of social change and of Resistance to change, impact of West, reform movements, social movements industrialization and urbanization, pressure groups factors of planned change, Five Year Plans legislative and executive measures, process of change, Sanskritization, esternization and modernization, Means of modernization, mass media and education, problem of change and modernization, structural contradictions and breakdowns. Current Social Evils, Corruption and Nepotism, Smuggling, Black money.


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