Terminology Index : A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A Abdication :
Formal surrender of power and privileges; renunication of sovereignity. More…
B Bail :
Temporary release from imprisonment of an accused person on furnishing surety or security to appear in court for trial. More…
C Cabinet :
A body of advisers or ministers of a sovereign or other heads of State each of whom holds one or more important portfolios in a government. More…
D Dactylography :
Study of finger prints for the purpose of identification. More…
E Easement Right :
The right enjoyed over another’s property such as right of way, drawing water, etc. More…
F Fascism :
Italian political creed developed by Mussolini in which the State represented by one man is supreme and the individual has no rights apart from what the Fascist dictator may allow. More…
G Gamma Rays :
Short-wave electro-magnetic radiations similar to light and X-rays. The penetrating power of these rays is extremely high, even greater than X-rays. They can penetrate through 6 inch-thick steel. Gamma rays are not deflected by strong electric or magnetic field. However, these are harmful to living tissues. More…
H Habeas Corpus :
Act of British Parliament passed in 1979. Under the Act, if a person is kept in prison without trial, the courts are empowered to issue, a writ to the jailor to produce the person and bring him for proper trial. It also provides facilities to the prisoner for a speedy trial and release on bail. More…
I Igloo :
A dome-shaped house or a hut, built of blocks of hard snow, in which Eskimos live. More…
J Jettisoning :
Cargo thrown away into the sea to lighten the ship in times of danger. More…
K Kharif Crops :
These are raised in autumn as a result of the sowing made in June. Rice, millets, maize and cotton are kharif crops. More…
L Lame Duck :
Members of a legislature who fail to get re-elected but continue to function as legislators until the new legislature meets. The term was used in the U.S.A. More…
M Magnetic Disk :
A current storage media which lets the computer retain large amounts of data/program for ready processing (see also direct access media). More…
N National Anthem :
National song recognised throughout the country and officially sung and played on all ceremonial occasions-official, cultural and international. More…
O Octroi :
It is a tak charged by the municipality or local body on the goods and commodities brought into town. It is an important source of revenue for the municipal authorities. More…
P Panch Sheel :
The five principles of peaceful co-existence (1) mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty; (2) non-aggression; (3) non-interference in each other’s internal affairs; (4) mutual benefits; (5) peaceful co-existence, jointly agreed to and proclaimed by the late Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the late Chinese Prime Minister Chou En-lai in 1954. It became defunct in the wake of Chinese aggression. More…
Q Quarantine :
The period of compulsory isolation or detention enforced against travellers not in possession of required health certificates to prevent the possible spread of contagious diseases (also against ships suspected of carrying contagion). More…
R Rabi Crops :
These are sown in October and November and reaped in April. Wheat, gram, linseed and mustard are rabi crops. More…
S Sabotage :
Deliberate destruction of equipment by discontented employees or by enemy agents. More…
T Teritary Sectors :
It is the sector of the national economy which provides serivces such as transport, finance, retailing, etc. More…
U Urban Ceiling :
It is a ceiling imposed by a government on urban people limiting their property beyond which they cannot hold. More…
V Vatican :
An assemblage of buildings on the Vatican Hill in Rome; the Papal authority. More…
W Wealth Tax :
A tax imposed on the wealth possessed by individuals in a country. The aim of this tax is to avoid concentration of wealth in a few hands. More…
X X – Rays :
A form of electromagnetic radiation similar to light but of shorter wavelength and capable of penetrating solids and of ionising gases. These are produced when cathode rays fall on the anti-cathode (a metal of high atomic weight like tungsten). More…
Y Young Turk :
This originally referred to the followers of the Young Turk Reforms Party in the Turkish national movement. This term now refers to the extreme left elements in the ruling party in a country. More…
Z Zero – Based Budgeting :
It is a system of Budgeting which involves a fresh evaluation of every item of expenditure. It seeks to undertake comprehensive analysis of every scheme, project or programme, whether old or new, in its, entirety. It is presumed as if zero expenditure has been made even on an old ongoing project at the time of review and insists on providing fresh justification for the project as a whole in the light of social priorities. More…
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