CBSE NET 2018 Syllabus for Comparative Study of Religions

Subject : Comparative Study of Religions ( Code No : 62 )


There shall be two question papers – UGC NET Comparative Study Paper II and Paper III. UGC NET Comparative Study Paper II will cover 50 objective type questions ( multiple – choice, matching type, sequencing type and assertion – reasoning type ) carrying 100 marks.

UGC NET Comparative Study Paper III shall have four sections. Section I will have five questions of 5 marks each and Section II will have fifteen questions of 5 marks each. UGC NET Comparative Study Section III will have five questions of 12 marks each and Section IV will have one question of 40 marks.

Questions of Section I and Section II are compulsory for all candidates and questions of Section III and Section IV will be pertaining to the particular specialization / religion.

Unit I : Nature and Scope of Religion 

  • Concept of Religion.
  • Significance of and Approaches to the Study of Religions ( Historical, Anthropological, Sociological, Philosophical, Phenomenological so on ).
  • Founders and Propounders of Religions.
  • Major Scriptures ( Veda – s, Jaina Agama – s,Tripitake, Bible, Quran, Guru Granth Saheb, Avesta etc ).
  • Individual and Social Aspects of Religion.
  • Harmony of Religions and Interfaith Dialogue.
  • Modern Challenges to Religions ( Materialism, Rationalism, Agnosticism, Atheism and so on ).
  • Some basic concepts common to most of the Tribal Religions :
    • Unified concept encompassing the whole universe and all grades of existence.
    • The ideas behind in various primitive societies : Manaism, Totemism, Tabooism, Animism, Magic, etc.
  • Manifestations of Tribal Religions in individual and social life of Adivasi People.

Unit II : Major Religions : Common Aspects and Themes

  • Concept of Universe and Ultimate Reality.
  • Theories of Karma, Retribution and Salvation.
  • Codes of Ethical Conduct ( Monks and Laity ).
  • Compassion, Non – violence, Peace and Harmony.
  • Social Justice and Human Rights.
  • Prayer, Meditation and Mysticism.
  • Attitude towards Women.
  • Heritage and Culture.
  • Worship and Rituals.
  • Religion and Science in Dialogue.

Unit III : Hinduism

  • Nature of Vedic Religion and Culture.
  • Vedic Literature – Samhita – s, Brahmana – s, Aranyak – s, Upanisad – s
  • Saivism, Vaisnavism, Shaktism, Tantraism, etc.
  • Six Systems of Hindu Philosophy – Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisesika, Mimamsa and Vedanta.
  • Epics ( Ramayana, Mahabharata ) and Purana – s.
  • Bhakti and Reform Movements of the Medieval Period.
  • Modern Reform Movements ( Brahmosamaja, Aryasamaja, Ramakrishna Mission, etc ).

Unit IV : Jainism

  • Sramana Culture and Tirthankara Tradition ( Rsabhadeva to Mahavira ).
  • Main Sects of Jainism – Digambara and Svetambara.
  • Prakrit Agama Literature and Prominent Acaryas.
  • Basic Doctrines, Principles and Philosophy.
  • Contribution to Arts and Architecture.
  • Social Aspects of Jainism.
  • Contemporary Developments of Jainism.

Unit V : Buddhism

  • Background, Life and Teachings of Gautama Buddha.
  • Pali Tipitaka Literature and Mahayana Surtra – s.
  • Main Sects – Theravada, Mahayana, etc.
  • Basic Doctrines, Principles and Philosophy.
  • Contribution to Arts and Architecture.
  • Expansion of Buddhism Outside India.
  • Social Aspects and Revival of Buddhism.

Unit VI : Christianity

  • The Life and Message of Jesus Christ and the Beginnings of Christianity.
  • Old Testament and New Testament Scriptures and the Question of Interpretation.
  • Main Christian Churches ( Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant ).
  • Important Beliefs and Teachings of Christianity.
  • Christian Worship, Rituals and Mysticism.
  • History of Christianity in India.
  • Contemporary Trends in Christian Theology.

Unit VII : Islam

  • Life of Prophet Mohammed and Basic Teachings of the Quran.
  • The Establishment of the Islamic Community and the Medinian state.
  • Development of the Islamic Civilization under Abbasids.
  • International Trade and Foreign Relations in Medieval Period.
  • The Contribution of Medieval Islam to Rational Sciences, Philosophy and Fine Arts.
  • Development of Sufism and its Impact on the Muslim Society.
  • Challenges of Modernity and The Reform Movements among Muslims in India.

Unit VIII : Sikhism

  • Life and Teachings of Guru Nanak.
  • Development of Sikh Tradition under the Ten Gurus.
  • Sikh Scriptures ( Adi Granth and Dasam Granth ).
  • Basic Doctrines, Beliefs and Code of Conduct.
  • Major Impact of Sikhism on the Society.
  • Sikh Sects and Gurdwara Reform Movement.
  • Sikhism in Diaspora.


One thought on “UGC NET 2018 Syllabus for Comparative Study of Religions

  1. Hi I have done M.A history. Can I apply for comparative study of religion. Please let me know.

  2. Hello sir,
    I did my master’s in philosophy with specialization in religion.I qualified ugc net in philosophy in 2007. My query is may I appear in comparative study in religion in same exam because of genuine interest in religion.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *