Parliaments in India

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Parliaments in India :: Representation of State and Union Territories | Stages of Passage of Bills | Joint Session of Indian Parliament | Committee System in Indian Parliament

Parliament Lok Sabha

Maximum Strength : 550 + 2 [530 – States / 20 – Union Territories]

Present Strength of Lok Sabha – 545.

The Ninety First Amendment, 2001, extended freeze on Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats till 2026.

The normal tenure of the Lok Sabha is five years, but it may be dissolved earlier by the President.

The life of the Lok Sabha can be extended by the Parliament beyond the five year term, when a proclamation of emergency under Article 352 is in force.

But the Parliament cannot extend the normal life of the Lok Sabha for more than one year at a time (no limit on the number of times in the Constitution).

The qualification to become a member is :

  • Citizen of India.
  • At least 25 Years of age.
  • Mustn’t hold any office of profit.
  • No unsound mind / insolvent.
  • Has registered as voter in any Parliamentary constituency.

A member can be disqualified :

  • If he voluntarily gives up the membership of party.
  • If he over – rules the ‘whip’.
  • Absent for 60 days without intimation.

Members’ oath is administered by Pro – Tem Speaker.

Can resign, by writing to Speaker.

Presiding officer is Speaker (In his absence Deputy Speaker). The members among themselves elect him.

The Speaker continues in office even after the dissolution of the Lok Sabha till a newly elected Lok Sabha meets.

Usually the Speaker, after his election cuts – off all connection with his party & acts in an impartial manner.

He does not vote in the first instance, but exercises his casting vote only to remove a deadlock.

SC 15%
ST 7.5%
OBC ( Non - Creamy ) 27%
Differently Abled Person ( PHP ) 3% Horizontal reservation for Differently Abled Person ( with 40% or more disability ) cutting across all sections i.e. SCs, STs, OBCs Non-Creamy and General category. Campus and programme will be allotted on rotation, at NIFT’s discretion.
Foreign Nationals / SAARC / NRI15% ( Supernumerary )
State Domiciles 20% ( Supernumerary )

Charges his salary from Consolidated Fund of India.

Speaker sends his resignation to Deputy Speaker.

The majority of the total membership can remove Speaker after giving a 14 days notice.

(During this time, he doesn’t preside over the meetings).

After his removal, continues in office till his successor takes charge.

Parliament Rajya Sabha

Maximum Strength – 250 [Out of these, President nominates 12 amongst persons having special knowledge or practical experience in the fields of literature, science, art and social service].

Presently, the Parliament, by law, has provided for 233 seats for the States and the Union Territories.

The total membership of Rajya Sabha is thus 245.

All the States and the Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry are represented in the Rajya Sabha.

Representatives of the State are elected by members of state legislative assemblies on the basis of proportional representation through a single transferable vote. [States are represented on the basis of their population].

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There are no seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Rajya Sabha.

The qualification to become a member is :

  • Citizen of India.
  • 30 Years of age.
  • Be a parliamentary elector in the state in which he is seeking election
  • Others as prescribed by parliament from time – to – time.

For 6 Years, as 1/3rd Members retire every 2 Years.

Vice – President is the ex – officio chairman of Rajya Sabha.

He presides over the proceedings of the Rajya Sabha as long as he does not act as the President of India during a vacancy in the office of the President of India.

Also a deputy Chairman is elected from its members.

In Rajya Sabha any bill can originate, apart from money bill (including budget).

Special Powers of the Rajya Sabha

A resolution seeking the removal of the Vice – President can originate only in the Rajya Sabha.

If the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a majority of not less than two – third of the members present and voting that it is necessary in the national interest that Parliament should make laws with respect to any matter enumerated in the State List, it shall be lawful for Parliament 1 to make law for a period of not more than one year.

If the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a majority of not less than two – third of the members present and voting that it is necessary in the national interest to create one or more All – India services, Parliament by law, provide for such service or services.

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