Career in Medical Biochemistry

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Career in Medical Biochemistry

Biochemistry is a branch which is concerned with the chemistry of the biological processes.

The study of biochemistry deals with the chemical combinations and reactions which take place in biological processes such as growth, metabolism, reproduction, heredity etc., as well as the effect of the environment on living organisms.

Studying Structures and functions of enzymes, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, process of metabolism and the molecular basis of the action of genes also form a part of biochemistry.

Advances made in biochemistry has made significant contributions towards elucidation and understanding of the DNA Structure.

Nature of Work

Biochemists generally pursue research related work in the following fields.

Medicine : Biochemists, in this field carry out diagnostic tests and investigations for finding out causes of diseases. Their major concern is to study the role of genetic transmission of diseases from one generation to another.

They also try to figure out the chemical changes that take place in the cells of the body parts which signal the onset of various diseases such as tuberculosis, cancer, diabetes, mental disorders like epilepsy etc. Research related to identification and analysis of chemical processes like muscular contraction, reproduction, metabolism etc also relates to their job.

Agriculture : Biochemists develop and inovate new improved techniques for crop cultivation, pest control management and crop storage management. Contributions made in this field by biochemists has helped to better the output and quality of agricultural produce.

Nutrition : In this field biochemists have researched and studied the effects of certain food stuffs, minerals, protiens, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins, when consumed in excess or in deficient quantities, on the human body. The mechanism of fermentation process which has been practised for past many years was discovered by biochemists only.

Medical Biochemistry Course Contents

M.Sc. Biochemistry is generally a four-semester programme of two – year duration. The course covers bioorganic chemistry, biophysical chemistry, human physiology, microbiology and virology, basic immunology, enzymology, intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids, structural biology, bioenergetics and biomembrances, computer applications in biology, nutritional and clinical biochemistry and molecular biology.

Elective subjects include biostatistics, immunochemistry, neurochemistry, biomolecular modelling and drug design, clinical immunology and recombinant DNA technology.


Biochemistry is a field of intense research, hence to be a good biochemist requires, inquisitive attitude, determination, perseverance and keen observation sense along with intelligence and hard work.

Research is often a team work and therefore the individual should have team spirit, to work as a part of the unit. The work sometimes consume a lot of time so patience, stamina to work for long hours and tenacity become other important requisites.

Professional Courses in Medical Biochemistry

Biochemistry can be pursued by those having background in science at 10+2 level. Individuals interested in pursuing this subject can intially study the subject in the B.Sc. course and further continue with it till M.Sc. and Ph.D. level.

Medical Biochemistry Career Prospects

Biochemists work in many walks of life in industry, hospitals, agriculture, research institutes, education and associated areas. There are many areas of everyday life as diverse as medical products and diagnostics, new food and its safety, crop improvement, cosmetics and forensic science that owe their development or even existence to biochemists

Pharmaceutical, food, brewing, biotechnology and agrochemical companies all need and employ biochemists to develop new products and to monitor the production, quality control and safety of existing ones.


Hospitals, public health laboratories and medical research institutes, as well as the pharmaceutical industry, all require biochemists. Here they provide a diagnostic service, carrying out tests on blood, urine and other body fluids, alongside researching the underlying causes of disease and the methods of treatment.

Agriculture and the Environment

Biochemists and biotechnologists, who often have a biochemistry degree, working in agriculture have been responsible for many developments, such as pest-resistant crops, improvements in crop yields and tomatoes that keep better. They also monitor the environment. Employers include seed companies, local government, the civil Service and water authorities.


All levels of education offer prospects for biochemists. The combination of biology and chemistry, along with the training in numerical and analytical skills that is given in any area of science, makes biochemistry ideal for teaching throughout the school age range. There are also opportunities for more advanced teaching, usually associated with research, in universities and colleges, and medical, dental and veterinary schools.

Away from Science

A science background can be an excellent starting point for many other careers.

Biochemistry is a numerate subject that develops analytical thinking, creativity in problem solving, and the ability to handle large amounts of complex information skills required in jobs in all walks of life including, for example, sales and marketing, accountancy and finance, journalism, and patent work.

The following universities offers M.Sc. Biochemistry programs :

S NoEventDate
1Registration Date10th February, 2019 - 10th March, 2019
2Date of Entrance Examination14th May, 2019

JEE Main

Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.