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Career in Chemical Engineering
Everything around us is composed of chemicals. When chemicals react with each other newer forms of things are produced. So this branch of engineering applies the principles of chemistry along with mathematics, physics and mechanical engineering and is instrumental in formation of so many new things around help and us in discovering the existing materials for the use of mankind.
Nowadays the applications of chemical processes are expanding in various industries so there is a greater need of chemical engineers now. Chemical engineers convert raw materials and chemicals into useful products and help in finding new materials and techniques of their usage.
They design and maintain chemical processes of large manufacturing units. They are required as they work to create synthetic replacements for those natural materials and scarce resources.
Chemical Engineering Career Prospects
These engineers manufacture better plastics, paints, fuels, fibers, medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, paper, and all other kinds of chemicals, by carrying out chemical reactions and purifications. They also play an important role in protecting the environment by inventing cleaner technologies. Some of these engineers are engaged in the work of finding ways to recycle the waste products.
Some Chemical Engineers work in factories and some find jobs in laboratories. Some find employment in universities, consulting firms, engineering firms, mineral based industries, petrochemical plants, synthetic fiber industry, food processing units, explosive manufacturing industry, fertilizer industry, plastic industry, petroleum refining plants, pharmaceuticals, law offices, government agencies, and many other types of jobs.
So we can see that these engineers have a varied amount of job options. Those who have an additional management degree are sought by private industries. In process industries they could work in positions such as a supervisor or manager, technical specialist, project manager or project engineers.
They are also employed in a variety of manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing electronics, photographic equipment, clothing, pulp and paper and even in the development of aircrafts.
For holding of a gazetted post in government one needs to clear the Engineering Service Examinations, which are held annually by the U.P.S.C or S.P.S.C.
In the public sector they may be employed in defense establishment and atomic power plants, waste and water treatment department, environment regulation and recycling department, health related research projects, energy conservation projects. They are also employed in service industries such as scientific research and development services, particularly in energy and the developing fields of biotechnology and nanotechnology.
Career Chemical Engineering Personality
Natural curiosity is important to engineers. Engineers love to figure things out and find out how things are made. It is this mentality that helps propel them through their college classes. Some engineers feel like college was the first time their curiosity could be satisfied. The first time they could delve deep enough into a problem, see all sides of how it worked, and obtain a solution.
The engineering field includes men and women from every culture in the world. One element that all engineers have in common is their desire to help solve the world’s problems and make the world a better place. They often have different perspectives. But they share a problem-solving orientation.
Science and math are the basic tools in an engineers toolkit. Do you find that Math and Science are your greatest challenges, or Do you love to explore more than what has been taught to you in school. Does your text-books satisfy your curiousity or do you go around figuring more about new things on your own. Do you spend more time coping with what is your lab work or more time in the lab by experimenting with new ideas? If you are a later type, you are born with the Engineering Personality.
An engineering education teaches you how to think through a problem in order to solve it. These mental agility skills will help you solve problems for the rest of your life. The fascinating aspect about problem solving in engineering is that there is almost never a right answer. You access several different approaches to solve a problem, and then it is up to you to show everyone how your solution meets the needs of the design.
To sum it up, Engineering being a subject that requires practical application of science requires following attributes :
- Solid foundation in mathematics, physics and chemistry.
- Logical reasoning.
- Perseverance and hard work.
- Ability to work in teams.
- Ability to express oneself using figures and words.
- Problem solving skills.
- Ability to grasp things faster.
- Ability to keep calm under work pressures.
- Good in technical drawings and computer skills.
- Excellent communication abilities.
Career Chemical Engineering Eligibility
For a diploma in engineering, one must clear the 10th Std. board exam successfully with at least 50% marks. Various polytechnics offer diploma in various disciplines of engineering.
To be eligible for bachelor’s degree course i.e. B.E or B.BTech, one must clear the 12th std. board exam with at least 50% marks ( 60% for IITs ) in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as compulsory subjects. Several states and IITs have an entrance exam for admission into engineering, colleges in other states grant admission based on marks scored in 12th Std. exam, particularly in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Maths. Diploma holders can also get direct admission into second year of engineering in the same stream in which they have completed their diploma.
For a master’s level course, one must complete the bachelor’s degree program successfully. Further Studies After graduating students can go in for postgraduate studies ie M.E or M.Tech.
Further studies up to Ph.D. level are also an option for anyone interested in Research or Academics.
There is also the Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers ( AMIE ), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.
Chemical Engineering Career Courses
To become a chemical engineer one needs to have a B.E / B.Tech degree in Chemical Engineering or an M.E degree in Chemical Engineering. There are both, degree as well as diploma courses. One can go for the 3 – year diploma course after the 10th standard ( SSC ). One can also think of doing an integrated 5 – year course offered by IITs that leads to M.Tech Biochemistry Engineering.
The academic program of chemical engineering lays stress on the subjects like Industrial Chemistry, Polymer Technology, Polymer Processing, Polymer Testing, Polymer Synthesis etc.
The ME level course specialized training is given in the areas like computer aided plant design, petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agricultural products, synthetic food, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, coal and mineral based industries etc.
Chemical Engineering Specialization
The specialized areas include research and studies in fluid mechanics, solid particle technologies, polymers, nonstructural materials, protein engineering, bio-catalysis, and biomedical devices. Another branch of specialization is Ceramic and Material engineering.
Some of the other areas of specialization are Pollution control, Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals, Metals, Fertilizers and pesticides, Automotive, Plastics, Manufacturing, Forensics, Thermodynamics, Food sciences, Cosmetics, Chemical safety, Education and training, Missile and space, Minerals and metals, Plastics and resins, Waste management.
Institutes Offering Chemical Engineering Courses
There are 36 universities and 1195 colleges offering undergraduate and postgraduate engineering courses in various branches in India and so it is rightly referred as a Mecca for finding engineers suited to cutting edge technology jobs. Over 200,000 students take admission in Indian engineering institutes and colleges. All the engineering colleges / institutions in India are recognized and regulated by All India Council of Technical Education ( AICTE ). Some Leading Engineering Institutes :
- Indian Institutes of Technology at Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati,Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore and Roorkee.
- 18 National Institutes of Technology located all over the country.
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad.
- Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management, Gwalior.
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
- Anna University, Chennai.
- Allahabad Agricultural Deemed University, Allahabad.
- Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi.
- Birla Institute of Technology, Pilani.
- Haldia Institute of Technology Haldia.
Chemical Engineering Salary
Fresher’s can get a starting salary of ₹ 9,000 to ₹ 13,000 per month excluding other allowances. In the government sector, the salary range of diploma holders is ₹ 5,000 to ₹ 9,000 per month. Lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of ₹ 12,000 – ₹ 13,000 a month. With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more. Senior engineers can earn anywhere in between ₹ 30,000 and ₹ 50,000 a month. Those at management levels can earn up to ₹ 60,000 or even more.
Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.