Wildlife Management Career

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Career in Wildlife Management

Careers in wildlife management require varying levels of education, from a 2 – year technical degree to a doctorate. Forest and conservation workers need at least an associate’s degree in wildlife management. A conservation scientist usually needs a bachelor’s degree in forestry or environmental science. Zoologists and wildlife biologists typically hold a PhD in Biology to perform independent research. Learn more about these careers and their respective educational requirements below.

Forest and Conservation Worker

i. Career Information

Forest facilities and timberlands require workers to maintain, plant and remove trees as needed. Special tools and equipment are used to assist in the removal of diseased or dying trees. Additionally, forest and conservation workers protect trees by applying fungicides or insecticides on them to kill off unwanted infections or insects trying to harm them. Those employed by camping areas help clear away debris and brush on trails to make the environment more accessible to visitors.

ii. Education Information

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, all someone needs to become a conservation worker is a GED certificate or high school diploma. Most of the preparation for this career comes from on – the – job training ( www.bls.gov. ) Many of these positions are seasonal, so those looking for a full – time vocation may want to become a forester by completing a 2 – year technical degree in a subject such as conservation, forest harvesting, wildlife management or forest management.


i. Career Information

Foresters help direct recreational, conservational, environmental and economic activities within forests. Landowners who own forests require foresters to help them keep their properties sustainable and healthy. This usually comes in the form of protecting them from damage like wildfire, disease or insects.

ii. Education Information

Foresters must typically have a bachelor’s degree in a subject such as natural resource management, biology, forestry or environmental science. However, those who want to teach or perform research ideally possess a doctorate. Currently, sixteen states offer a credentialing process for foresters; some of them are mandatory and others are optional. Aspiring foresters should check with their state licensing board to see if credentialing is required.

Forestry certification is also available from the Society for Range Management in two forms: the Certified Range Management Consultant and the Certified Professional in Rangeland Management. Each requires a bachelor’s degree in an appropriate field along with the completion of an examination and a minimum amount of work experience.

Conservation Scientist

i. Career Information

Conservation scientists work with all levels of government and with landowners to help improve the land and safeguard the environment. These workers are in charge of protecting, improving and managing natural resources. By providing advice to landowners, they help improve the land for numerous agricultural or recreational means.

ii. Education Information

Conservation scientists may focus their undergraduate studies on environmental science, natural resource management, agriculture science or rangeland management. The coursework for these programs focuses on subjects like biology, forest ecology, public policy, forest resource management and forest resource measurement.

Zoologist and Wildlife Biologist

i. Career Information

Wildlife biologists and zoologists study habitats and animals. They attempt to understand behavior, life processes, origins and diseases. Studies can be accomplished through experimentation, including the dissection of dead animals or the collection and examination of water samples. Zoologists tend to study one particular group of animals, such as mammals, birds, fish or reptiles. Wildlife biologists likewise tend to focus on one aspect of the environment and might specialize in plains, mountains, lakes or oceans.

ii. Education Information

Aspiring wildlife biologists or zoologists can start out as research technicians with only a bachelor’s or master’s degree in biological science. However, those performing independent or academic research generally need a doctoral degree. Coursework for these educational programs heavily emphasizes chemistry and biology along with similar disciplines such as physics, computer science and mathematics. Heavy laboratory experience is a requirement; PhD candidates may be expected to participate in a school’s ongoing research projects in addition to completing independent work.

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