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Nobel Prizes for 2011 :

Physiology or Medicine :

American Bruce Beutler and French biologist Jules Hoffmann, who studied the first stages of immune responses to attack, shared the $1.5 million award with Canadian – born Ralph Steinman, working in the US, who discovered dendritic cells which helps defeat infection. Steinman passed away on 30th September 2011. The Nobel is typically not awarded posthumously. In 1931, Erik Axel Karlfeldt was posthumously awarded the Nobel Prize for literature, but the rules were changed in 1974. In 1996 William Vickrey died between the announcement and the prize ceremony.

Physics :

Three researchers behind the discovery that “our Universe’s expansion is accelerating were on October 4th, 2011 selected for this year’s Nobel Prize for physics. The trio studied what are called Type la supernovae, determining that more distant objects seem to move faster. Their observations suggest that not only is the Universe expanding, its expansion is relentlessly speeding up. Prof. Saul Perlmutter of the University of California, Berkeley, has been awarded half the 10m Swedish krona prize, with Prof. P Schmidt of the Australian National University and Prof. Riess of Johns Hopkins University’s Space Telescope Science Institute sharing the other half.

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Chemistry :

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2011 to Dan Shechtman “for the discovery of quasicrystals”. Dan Shechtman, a researcher at Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, will receive the award for discovering seemingly impossible crystal structures in frozen gobbets of metal that resembled the beautiful patterns seen in Islamic mosaics.

Peace :

The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to three women – Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian activist Leymah Gbowee and Yemeni journalist and activist Tawakul Karman in acknowledgment of their nonviolent role in promoting peace, democracy and gender equality. Johnson-Sirleaf, who became Africa’s first female president in 2005, has been rebuilding a country devastated by civil wars from 1989 to 2003 that killed an estimated 250,000 people. Gbowee was named for her campaigning for peace during Liberia’s bloody civil war. Liberia’s Gbowee, a social worker and a mother of five, is executive director of the Women Peace and Security Network Africa, a group dedicated to promoting women’s participation and leadership. She’s featured in “Pray the Devil Back to Hell,” a documentary about the Liberian women who took on warlords and the regime of Charles Taylor during the civil war. Karman, a human rights activist from Yemen, has helped organise protests inspired by the Arab Spring that swept across North Africa to protest the rule of Ali Abdulla Saleh.

Literature :

Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer was announced as the winner of the 2011 Nobel Prize in literature on October 6th, 2011. Announcing the award in Stockholm, the Swedish Academy praised Transtromer, saying that “through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality. The committee noted that it had been many years since a Swede had won the prize. The last time it happened was in. 1974, when two – Swedish authors, Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson, shared the prize. Since 1901, 103 Nobel Prizes in Literature have been awarded. The prize comes with an honorarium of 10 million kronor, or about $1.5 million.

Economic Sciences :

US academics Thomas Sargent and Christopher Sims have won the 2011 Nobel Economics Prize. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences cited “their empirical research on cause and effect in the macro economy”. They had studied how economic policy, such as raising interest rates or cutting taxes, affects macroeconomic. variables such as GDP and inflation.

World Food Prize 2011 :

John Agyekum Kufuor ( former President of Ghana ) and Luiz Lula da Silva ( former President of Brazil ) have been chosen to jointly receive the 2011 World Food Prize for their personal commitment and visionary leadership. The significant achievements of these two former heads of state illustrate that transformational leadership truly can effect positive change and greatly improve people’s lives.

A guiding principle for President John Kufuor during the entirety of his two terms as President was to improve food security and reduce poverty through public and private;sector initiatives. President Luiz Lula da Silva made it clear even before he took office that fighting hunger and poverty would be a top priority of his government. President Lula da Silva’s national initiatives embodied in his Zero Hunger strategy were well aligned with the UN Millennium Development Goals.

Indira Gandhi Peace, Disarmament and Development Prize 2010 :

Outgoing Brazilian President Luiz Ipacio Lula da Silva was on 19th November 2010 selected for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 20i0. The prestigious prize was given to Lula for his outstanding contribution to the cause of eliminating hunger and promoting inclusive growth in his country, his advocacy for strong ties among the developing countries and for his significant contribution to the cause of India – Brazil partnership.

Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is the prestigious award accorded annually by India to individuals or organizations in recognition of creative efforts toward promoting international peace, development and a new international economic order; ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity, and enlarging the scope of freedom. The award carries a purse of 25 lakh arid a citation.

China’s Special Book Award 2011 :

China on September 2nd, 2011 conferred its highest literary award on Prof BR Deepak for his book, which is a translation of 88 classical Chinese poems into Hindi. Deepak, who is from Centre of Chinese and Southeast Asian Studies, JNU, was the first Indian to receive the “Special Book Award” for Ijis contribution to Chinese studies, translation, publication of Chinese books and cultural exchange. Prof Deepak has also authored India and China 1904 – 2004: A Century of Peace and Conflict ( 2005 ), India-China Relations in first half of the Twentieth Century ( 2001 ), History of Chinese Literature with selected Texts ( 2001 ), Chinese – Hindi Dictionary ( 2003 ) and China: Agriculture, Countryside and Peasants ( 2011 ).

Gandhi Peace Award 2011 :

Hiram Chodosh, dean of the University of Utah, received the 2011 Gandhi Peace Award. The Award is given annually by the Gandhi Alliance for Peace on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2nd,1869.

The mission of the Gandhi Alliance for Peace is “To increase public awareness and understanding of Mahatma Gandhi, his unique role in world history, and his commitment to truth, nonviolence, service and justice; and to encourage non – violent resolutions of conflicts among individuals, communities, and nations.

Gandhi Foundation International Peace Award 2011 :

The noted artist – cum – campaigner fighting for preservation of tribal art and culture of Hazaribag, Bulu Imam, and human rights activist from Chhattisgarh, Binayak Sen, has been jointly selected to receive the Gandhi Foundation’s International Peace Award 2011. The foundation unanimously decided to give its 2011 peace award to “the tribal people of India” selecting Imam and Dr. Sen to receive the award on behalf of tribal people in a ceremony in London later this year.

Nehru Award for International Understanding :

This award carries an amount of fifteen lakh rupees in cash and a citation which is presented to the recipient at a special ceremony in India. It is awarded to those who have contributed for international peace and understanding.

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The Recipients of Nehru Award :

TNSF Consortium Centre Code NoEngineering CollegesTNSF Consortium Centre Code NoEngineering Colleges
143P.T.R College of Engineering & Technology, Madurai - 625 008164Sri Krishna Engineering College,
Chennai - 601301.
144Pallavan College of Engineering, Thimmasamudhram, Kancheepuram - 631 502165Sri Balaji Chockalingam Engineering College,
Arni - 632 317.
145Panimalar Engineering College, Nazarethpettai, Chennai - 602 103166Sri Muthukumaran Institute of Technology, Kundrathur Road, Mangadu,
Chennai - 600096.
146Pavendar Bharathidasan College of Engg., and Technology, Mathur, Tiruchy - 620 024167Sri Nandhanam College of Engineering & Technology, Tirupattur - 635 601.
147Prathyusha Institute of Technology and Management, Tiruvallur Dt. - 602 025168Sri Sairam Engineering College, West Tambaram, Chennai - 600 044.
148Priyadarshini Engineering College, Vaniyambadi - 635 751169Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering & Technology, Thirupachur - 631 203.
149PSNA College of Engineering & Technology, Dindigul - 624 622170Sriram Engineering College, Veppampattu - 602 024.
150R.M.K.Engineering College, Gummidipoondi - 601 206171St. Michael College of Engineering & Technology, Kalayarkoil,
Sivagangai - 630 551.
151R.V.S.College of Engineering & Technology, Karur Road, Dindigul - 624 005172St.Joseph's College of Engineering, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Road,
Chennai - 600 119.
152Raja College of Engineering & Technology, Madurai - 625 020173Tagore Engineering College, Vandalur Post,
Chennai - 600 048.
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153Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Thandalam, Thandalam - 602 105174Thangavelu Engineering College, Karapakkam, Chennai - 600 096.
154Roever Engineering College, Perambalur - 621 212175The Rajaas Engineering College, Vadakangulam, Tirunelveli Dt. - 627 116
155S S M College of Engineering, Komarapalayam, Namakkal - 638 183176Thirumalai Engineering College, Kilambi, Kancheepuram
Dt. - 631 551.
156S.A.Engineering College, Thruverkadu, Chennai - 600 077177Thiruvalluvar College of Engineering and Technology, Vandavasi - 604 505.
157S.K.R.Engineering College, Poonamallee, Chennai - 602 103178Udaya School of Engineering, Ammandivilai Post, Kanyakumari Dt. - 629 204.
158Sakthi Mariamman Engineering College, Thandalam, Chennai - 602 105179V.S.B. Engineering college, Karudayampalayam,
Karur - 639111.
159Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchy - 620 012180Valliammai Engineering College,
Kancheepuram Dt. - 603 203.
160Sardar Raja College of Engineering, Alangulam, Tirunelveli Dt. - 627 808181Vel Tech High Tech
Dr. Rangarajan, Dr. Sakunthala Engineering College, Avadi,
Chennai - 600 062.
161Shivani Institute of Technology, Navalurkuttapattu, Tiruchirapalli - 620 009182Velammal Engineering College,
Velammal Nagar,
Ambattur - Red hills Road, Chennai - 600 066.
162SKP Engineering College, Somasipadi,Chinnakangiyanur, Tiruvannamalai - 606 611183 Vins Christian College of Engineering,
Nagercoil - 629 807.
163SNS College of Technology,SNS Kalvi Nagar,Vazhiyampalayam, Saravanampatti Post,Coimbatore - 641 035184 Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women,
Namakkal - 637205.

Magsaysay Awards :

The award instituted in 1957 to honour the memory of Ramon Magsaysay, the late President of the Philippines. The award consists of a gold medal, a certificate and 50,000 U.S. dollars. Also called as “Asian Nobel Prize”.

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List of Awardees :

AluminiumAustralia, Jamaica
CarpetsAfghanistan, Iran
CoalRussia, U.S.A
CopperChile, U.S.A
Electric BulbsEngland, U.S.A
GoldSouth Africa, Australia
Iron Ore U.S.A., Russia
ManganeseUkraine, India
PetroleumU.S.A., Venezuela
Plastic goodsU.K., U.S.A.
RubberThailand, Indonesia
SilverMexico, Canada
TinMalaysia, Brazil

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{tab=Awardees List 2}

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Group 1ElementsAlkali metals
Group 2ElementsAlkaline earth metals
Group 13ElementsBoron family
Group 14ElementsCarbon family
Group 15ElementsNitrogen family
Group 16ElementsOxygen family
Group 17ElementsHalogen family; Hydrogen
Group 18ElementsNoble gases

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