International Dates and Events in September 2011
1. Expressing concern over Chinese activities in Pakistan – occupied Kashmir ( PoK ), India has asked Beijing to stop its infrastructure development work there.
2. The World Health Organisation, in a landmark initiative to curb the current tuberculosis epidemic, has signed up with The International Pharmaceutical Federation ( FIP ) on the role of pharmacists in tuberculosis care and control.
3. Finance Ministers from the G8 group of industrialised countries on 10th September, 2011 pledged nearly $40bn to several Arab countries to help with reconstruction and moves towards democracy. The funds will go to Egypt and Tunisia, which overthrew their autocratic leaders, as well as Morocco and Jordan, In addition, the International Monetary Rind ( IMF ) has recognised Libya’s post – Gaddafi leadership.
4. Indian – born bankers Anshu Jain and Vikram Pandit, ICICI Bank’s Chanda Kochhar, leading industrialists Mukesh Ambani and Ratan Tata have been named among the 50 most influential in global finance by Bloomberg Markets magazine in a first such list released on 9th September, 2011.
5. President Michel Martelly on 5th September, 2011 chose physician Garry Conille as the new Prime Minister of Haiti as he seeks to end an impasse with parliament over the makeup of his government. Conille, 45, has been serving as chief of staff to former US president Bill Clinton, the UN special envoy for Haiti. Conille is Martelly’s third choice as cabinet chief since taking office almost four months ago. The opposition – led parliament rejected names of businessman Daniel – Gerard Rouzier and legal scholar Bernard Gousse.
6. The annual Global Competitiveness Report ( GCR ) of the World Economic Forum ( WEF ) continues to list Switzerland as the most competitive country globally, with the United States falling to the 5th position. Singapore is the 2nd most competitive country in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report for 2011 – 12 unveiled on 8th September, 2011.
7. European Central Bank ( ECB ) Chief Economist, Juergen Slark, stepped down on 9th September, 2011 who had repeatedly spoken against ECB’s controversial bond buying programme favoured by its President Jean – Claude Trichet, arguing that it will increase the risk of inflation in the 17 – nation euro zone.
8. Russia pumped the first “technical” gas into a new undersea pipeline to Germany that will increase Europe’s dependence on Russian natural gas and drastically cut Moscow’s reliance on transit countries on 6th September, 2011.
9. Union Labour and Employment Minister M. Mallikarjun Kharge represented India at the ministerial summit of the 19th World Congress on Safety and Health at Work organised in Istanbul, Turkey, on 11th September, 2011. Kharge reiterated India’s commitment to ensure the health and safety of workers at the workplace and pointed to several pieces of legislation it had enacted. The World Congress is held once in three years. The last one was held in Seoul, South Korea.
10. India on 16th September, 2011 made it clear that it wanted extension of the current Kyoto Protocol on emission cuts, but said it would not accept any further legally binding emission framework. The statement to this effect by environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan comes ahead of the crucial 17th Conference of Parties to the Climate Change Convention at Durban in December.
11. Finance Ministers and Central Bankers from the G7 industrialised nations pledged a coordinated response to the global slowdown, but offered no specific steps and differed in emphasis on Europe’s debt crisis a the meeting organised in Marseille, France on 11th September, 2011. While the United States called on. Europe’s biggest economies to provide “unequivocal” support to struggling peripheral states to overcome a debt crisis that is crippling the world recovery, euro zone’s biggest economy Germany said the priority was cutting deficits.
12. India and Vietnam on 16th September, 2011 discussed the entire gamut of bilateral, regional and global issues and agreed to add greater content to their ties in fields like defence and security and trade and investment. External Affairs Minister S M Krishna, who was on a three – day visit to Hanoi, held talks with his Vietnamese counterpart Pham Binh Minh. Their discussions covered bilateral, regional and global issues and the two ministers expressed satisfaction that the Strategic Partnership was developing well.
13. For the past 18 years, Chris Walton has been growing and taking care of her nails. It has paid off finally, as she was named by the Guinness World Record on 18th September, 2011 for having the longest nails in the world. Walton, a professional singer from Las Vegas, US, has not clipped her finger nails in 18 years, leaving them to grow up to 10ft 2in on her left hand and 9ft 7in on her right hand.
14. The Government on 15th September, 2011 permitted external commercial borrowings in China’s Renminbi. Corporates can borrow up to an equivalent of $1 billion in the Chinese currency.
15. India and Vietnam on 16th September, 2011 discussed the entire gamut of bilateral, regional and global issues and agreed to add greater content to their ties in fields like defence and security and trade and investment. External Affairs Minister S M Krishna, who was in Hanoi on a three – day visit, held talks with his Vietnamese counterpart Pham Binh Minh.
16. Cooperation in basic sciences between India and Germany reached another milestone with the inauguration of the second Indo – German Max – Planck Centre in India on 22nd September, 2011. The Max Planck – NCBS Centre for Research on Lipids will be located at the National Centre for Biological Sciences ( NCBS ) of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research ( TIFR ) in Bangalore.
17. The Indian Navy gained from the Sri Lankan experience with low intensity conflict, while the Sri Lankan Navy learnt to operate more effectively in a multi – force environment on the conclusion of the biggest – ever exercise between the two Navies. The exercises, “SLINEX II,” which commenced on 19th September and ended on 23rd September, were aimed at enhancing interoperability.
18. The 34th ISO General Assembly was organised by the International Organization for Standardization ( ISO ) and hosted by Bureau of Indian Standards ( BIS ) from September 19 to 14, 2011 in New Delhi. The event saw the participation of government officials, representatives of industrial associations and delegates from 116 nations.
19. Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian President, has called for his country to be granted full membership of the United Nations — a dramatic declaration that comes against the backdrop of failed peace talks and mounting international criticism of Israel’s aggressive expansion of settlements.
20. The Global counterterrorism Forum ( GCTF ) was launched on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York on 23rd September, 2011. The forum comprises 29 countries in the EU, 11 Muslim majority nations, China, India, Russia along with regional representation from South America and Africa.
21. An ethnic Russian party has won the Parliamentary elections in Latvia for the first time in the post – Soviet history of the Baltic state dominated by anti – Russian politicians. The Harmony Centre, a party committed to upholding the rights of the discriminated Russian minority in Latvia, received 28.5 per cent of the vote in the snap parliamentary poll on September 17, 2011, about eight per cent more than the next best contestant. The victory marks a milestone for the three Baltic republics, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania, the only three ex – Soviet states that have joined NATO and the European Union.
22. India finds itself ranked at the 27th place in a new survey that measures the reputation of 50 countries among people of the G8 nations. The findings emerged in a study undertaken by New York based Reputation Institute, which placed China at 43 on its list of 50 industrial nations. The globed study, unveiled on Johannesburg, 23rd September, 2011 measures the reputation of 50 countries among people in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the UK and the US. Russia is placed a lowly 45, in the bottom 10 which ends with Iraq, Iran and Pakistan,
23. Nepal and US Armies are held a joint disaster management exercise in Kathmandu from 19th September, 2011 to 22nd September, 2011 amid the strongest earthquake to hit the country in nearly 77 years. The four – day exercise ‘Disaster Response Exercise and Exchange ( DREE )’ was aimed at building multilateral interoperability in disaster response between the two countries to increase preparation and risk mitigation.
24. US President Barack Obama and his Brazilian counterpart, Dilma Rousseff presided over the launch of the ‘Open Government Partnership’ — an initiative to make governance more accountable to citizens and to root out corruption – in New York on 20th September, 2011. India is not part of this eight – member group comprising USA, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Norway, the Philippines and Britain. Despite being invited, India has decided against joining the international effort, led by the US and Brazil.
25. President Barack Obama on 20th September, 2011 laid out a $3 trillion plan to cut US
deficits by raising taxes on the rich. The Democratic President has vowed to veto any cuts to Medicare unless Congress hikes taxes on companies and the wealthy. With polls showing most Americans unhappy with his economic leadership, Obama’s re – election hopes could hinge on his ability to convince voters that Republicans represent the rich, not the middle class. Republicans have, consistently opposed any measures resembling tax hikes, saying they will hurt the struggling US economy by increasing the burden on job – creating businesses.
26. NASA has plans to spend $1.6 billion over the next two years in a bid to bolster industry efforts to develop “space taxis”. The US space agency will be looking for complete systems — launchers, spaceships, ‘mission operations and ground support — to ferry astronauts to the International Space Station ( ISS ) by the middle of the decade.
27. Zambian President Rupiah Banda has conceded electoral defeat to opposition leader Michael Sata of the Patriotic Front who was declared the winner on 23rd September, 2011 after polling 43% of the votes. Banda’s ‘Movement for Multiparty Democracy’ ( MMD ) has ruled Zambia for 20 years. Sata started in politics as municipal councillor and served as governor of Lusaka under Zambia’s first President, Kenneth Kaunda. Formed Patriotic Front in 2001, losing Presidential election that year and in 2006 and 2008.
28. The International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) has said that India would have a year – on – year projected growth rate of 7.8 per cent in 2011 and 7.5 per cent in 2012, even as it warned of overall slowing global activity, renewed financial instability and an uneven post – recession expansion.
29. India and Britain have signed an agreement to pool their science and engineering expertise to work on various projects such as unmanned aerial vehicles and advanced explosives. A Letter of Arrangement was singed by Defence Research and Development Organisation ( DRDO ) and its British counterpart Defence Science and Technology Laboratory in London on September 16.
30. The ‘International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer’ better known as Ozone day was celebrated on 16th September, 2011 worldwide to generate awareness about ozone protection. The global theme for Ozone Day 2011 was ‘HCFC Phase – out: a Unique Opportunity’
31. International Girl Child Day was observed on 24th September, 2011.
32. The European Union airline emissions cap is expected to begin in January 2012. From January, all airlines will have to buy carbon credits under the European Union’s emissions trading scheme ( ETS ) to help offset the carbon emissions of flights that land or take off in Europe. Europe’s highest court on 6th October, 2011 said that “European rules forcing all airlines to pay for carbon emissions are within the law.
33. The European Commission on 28th September, 2011 announced it was pressing forward with proposals for the adoption of a financial transaction tax ( FIT ). Member EC President Jose Manuel Barroso was undeterred as he made the announcement in a state of the union speech to the European Parliament at Brussels.
34. China on 29th September, 2011 successfully launched its first space laboratory module, a key first step in its objective of becoming only the third country, after Russia and the United States, to assemble its own space station by 2020. The unmanned module, launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in north – western China, will dock with a spacecraft, Shenzhou – 8 after orbiting the earth for about a month. India and China agreed to boost economic cooperation, open up their markets and improve the investment environment for each other’s companies during the first – ever Strategic and Economic Dialogue ( SED ), which was held in Beijing on 26th September, 2011.
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