Cultural Activities in India

General Knowledge » Entertainment »

Indian Cultural Academy

Between 1952 and 1958, a number of steps were taken at the national level which were of far reaching consequences both for the capital and the rest of the country, in the field of Art.

I. Sangeet Natak Academy :

  1. In 1953, the Sangeet Natak Academi ( National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama ) was set up by the Government of India with the task of promoting research, organizing training institutions, holding seminars and festivals. Its first chairman was Dr.RV.Rajamannar.
  2. It also maintains libraries of records, taped music, books, films and photographs. Reorganized and registered in 1961, the Academy has since set up two galleries of musical instruments, masks and costumes.
  3. The Academy presents awards to outstanding artistes in the field of music, dance and drama for hall – mark of distinction and classical maturity. Occasionally prizes for books are also given. In order to encourage play – writing in Indian languages a prize of ₹ 50,000, a shawl and tamrapatra is given annually for plays in various Indian languages.
  4. The academy assists a number of non – ­governmental institutions in different parts of the country, for training, cost of new productions, purchase of technical equipments and survey and research.
  5. General Studies Question Bank CD

  6. The Academy has been responsible for the establishment and maintenance of two national institutions each of which had made a distinct contribution to the promotion of the art with which it has been concerned.
  7. These are the Kathak Kendra, New Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru Manipuri Dance Academy, Imphal. Sangeet Natak Akademi’s journal published since 1965, has been one of the longest surviving periodicals in its field.

II. National School of Drama ( NSD ) :

  1. NSD is one of the foremost theater training institutions in the world. It was set up by Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1959. Later in 1975, it became autonomous. The systematic study and practical performing experience give the students a solid grounding in the art of theater.
  2. The school has its performing wing, a Repertory Company, and Theater – in – Education Company. Its Regional Resource – cum Research Center is in Bangalore.
  3. The National Museum was established on 15th August 1949 on the premises of the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi. The Museum was formally inaugurated on 18th December 1960 on its present premises. Now there are more than 2,00,000 works of exquisite art of diverse nature, both of Indian and foreign origin, covering a time – span of 5,000 years of our cultural legacy.
  4. The opening of the National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Musicology ( Deemed University ) in 1989 for M.A. and PhD students has added a new dimension to it. In 1999, the school organized its first National Theater Festival. It was christened ‘Bharat Rang Mahatsav’.

III. Sahitya Academy :

  1. The Sahitya Academi was founded in March 1954 and registered as a Society in 1956. The Sahitya Academi has undertaken a major program of publishing translations of major works of literary value from various regional languages. A selection from Tagore’s writing has been published in eight volumes. The Academy’s publications up to the end of 2007 – 08 totaled to 4,800.
  2. The Bibliography of Indian Literature ( 20th century ) covering all books of literary merit in all the major Indian languages as well as books in English published in India or written by Indian authors is a major contribution of the Academy. A comprehensive Who’s Who of Indian writers was published by the Academy in 1961.
  3. A series under the title ‘Makers of Indian Literature’ has also been sponsored by the Academy. Each volume gives the life and contribution of an important Indian writer. So far fourteen such volumes in English, five in Hindi, four in Malayalam, two each in Tamil and Bengali and one in Punjabi have been published.
  4. The Academy has recognized 24 languages. It has an Advisory Board of 10 members in each of these languages that suggests various functions and publications in the concerned languages. There are 4 Regional Boards to promote regional interaction among the languages of the north, west, east and south.
  5. General Studies Question Bank CD

  6. The Academy publishes three journals, ( bi – monthly ) in English called ‘Indian Literature’ ( bi – monthly ) in Hindi called Samakaleena Bharatiya Sahitya and a half – yearly in Sanskrit called “Samskrita Pratibha’.
  7. It arranges occasional seminars and weekly discussions and lectures in New Delhi, Sahitya Academy – recognizes eminent writers through 22 awards for creative writing, 22 translation prizes, fellowships for distinguished contribution to literature. The Academy gives annual awards to authors of outstanding books published in Indian languages.
  8. The awards are hallmark of excellence. Several award winning books have been translated into other languages. The Academy functions in ‘Rabindra Bhawan’ built in 1961 to commemorate the birth centenary of Rabindranath Tagore.
  9. The National Archives of India ( NAI ), known until independence as Imperial Record Department was established on 11th March 1891. It is the official custodian of all non – current records of permanent value of the Government of India and its predecessor bodies. It is the premier organized record repository in Asia with its holdings running over 30 km of linear shelf – space.
  10. The National Archives of India is an attached office of the Department of – Culture. It has four regional repositories at Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jaipur and Puducherry.

IV. Lalit Kala Academy :

  1. Lalit Kala Academy ( National Academy of Fine Arts) was established in 1954 with the object of promoting fine arts and undertaking program for the growth and nourishment of painting, sculpture and other graphic arts.
  2. The Academy co – ordinates the activities of regional state Academies, encourages exchange of ideas among various schools of art, publishes literature and posters, promotes inter – regional and international contacts through exhibitions and exchange of personnel and art objects.
  3. The Academy organizes national exhibitions of contemporary Indian art with 15 national awards, each of ₹ 50,000. Every year the Academy holds a National Art Exhibition. Once in every three years the Academy holds an international exhibition called ‘Triennale India Abroad’ to propagate Indian art outside. Multicolor reproductions of paintings issued by the Academy and illustrated books on various aspects of Indian art and some of the finest works of Indian art have been brought within the access of people of modest means and of educational institutions.
  4. The Academy brings out two bi – annual art journals Lalit Kala Contemporary and Lalit Kala Ancient in English and Samkaleen Kala in Hindi. The same year as the Lalit Kala Academy was established, Government of India set up the National Gallery of Modern Art with a collection of 14,500 works of art representing various styles for over hundred years. The museum provides an impressive and varied fare to the visitor.

Fellowships and Financial Assistance

Emeritus Fellowship :

  • The scheme of Emeritus Fellowships has been formulated with a view to giving financial support to artistes who have achieved a high degree of excellence in their respective fields, to enable them to continue experimentation in a spirit of financial freedom.

Center for Cultural Resources and Training ( CCRT ) :

  • It was set up in May 1979 as an autonomous organization under the administrative control of the Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and Culture. With headquarters in New Delhi, it has two regional centers at Udaipur and Hyderabad.

Zonal Cultural Centers :

  • It have been conceptualized with the aim of projecting cultural kinship transcending territorial bounds. The idea is to arouse and deepen awareness of the local cultures.

    The seven zonal cultural centers established under this scheme are :

    1. North Zone Cultural Center, Patiala
    2. East Zone Cultural Center, Kolkata
    3. South Zone Cultural Center, Thanjavur
    4. West Zone Cultural Center, Udaipur
    5. North – Central Zone Cultural Center, Allahabad
    6. North – East Zone Cultural Center, Dimapur
    7. South – Central Zone Cultural Center, Nagpur
  • The participation of states in more than one zonal cultural center according to the cultural linkage is a special feature of the composition of the zonal centers.

Indian Council for Cultural Relations ( ICCR ) :

  • It was established as an autonomous body to promote and exchange cultural relations between Indian and other countries. It has overseas offices at San Francisco ( USA ), Georgetown ( Guyana ) and Suva ( Fiji ). Nehru Award for International Understanding is awarded by ICCR.

General Studies Question Bank CD

National Archives of India ( NAI ) :

  • Originally established on 11th March,  1891 at Kolkatta was known as Imperial Record Department until Independence. It is the official custodian of all non – current records of permanent value to the Government of India. It has regional office at Bhopal and Record Centres at Bhubaneshwar, Jaipur and Pondicherry.

National Book Trust ( NBT ) :

  • It was set up in 1957 at New Delhi. It aims at production of good literature and availability of the same at cheaper rates. Subsidies are provided for production of standard University Text Books. It organizes ‘Book Fairs’ in India and Abroad.

Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts ( IGNCA ) :

  • The Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts a national institution engaged in the pursuit of knowledge on arts and culture and in the exploration of relationships of arts and culture with various disciplines of learning and diverse aspects of life was established in 1985 in the memory of the Late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi.
  • The IGNCA promotes interaction and understanding between diverse communities, regions, social strata, and between India and other parts of the world. The IGNCA has been designated as a nodal agency for setting up a National Data Bank on Arts, Humanities and Cultural Heritage.

Indian Society of Oriental Art ( ISOA ) :

  • It promotes knowledge of ancient and modem Indian and oriental art; collects objects of art; holds exhibitions, lectures seminars etc. with Head Quarters at Kolkatta. It has a collection of rare and modem art books.

Indian Council of Historical Research ( ICHR ) :

  • It focuses on historical research and encourages scientific writing of history. It gives grants for seminars, research activities, and publications in the field of history.

Indian Institute of Islamic Studies ( IIIS ) :

  • Set up in 1963, at New Delhi, its main objects are to promote the study of Islamic culture and civilization, to promote intercourse between scholars and institutions engaged in Islamic studies in different countries and focus on India’s contribution to Islam. It has 5000 plus manuscripts in Arabic and Persian.

National Gallery of Modern Art ( NGMA ) :

  • It was founded in 1954 at New Delhi. The NGMA aims at promotion and development of contemporary Indian Art. The NGMA’s important collections include paintings, sculpture, graphic arts and photographs. NGMA organizes exhibitions from its collection and under Cultural Exchange programmes periodically.

Nava Nalanda Mahavihara ( NNM ) :

  • Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, Naianda was established to encourage studies in Pali language and Buddhism along the lines of the ancient Mahavihara by the Government of Bihar in 1951. At present, it is the only institution in India devoted exclusively to teaching, research and publication in Pali and Buddhist Studies.

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology :

  • The Namgyal Institute of Tibetology. an autonomous organization under administrative control of Government of Sikkim was established for spreading the knowledge of Chhos ( Doctrine of the Buddha ).

Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamshala :

  • The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, an autonomous institution, was established by His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, in 1971, with a view to reserving and promoting the rich heritage of Tibetan civilization and Indo – Tibetan learning.

General Studies Question Bank CD
National Mission for Manuscripts :

  • The National Mission for Manuscripts was launched in February, 2003 by the Ministry of Culture to save the most valuable of our cultural inheritance, i.e., manuscripts. The Mission seeks to locate catalogue and preserve India’s manuscripts and to enhance access, spread awareness and encourage their use for educational purposes.

National Museum :

  • The National Museum, which was set up in 1949 and which has been functioning under the Ministry of Culture since 1960, house over 2.6 lakh art objects dating from prehistoric era onwards.
  • The main activities of the Museum are as follows : Exhibitions, reorganization / Modernization of Galleries, Educational Activities and Outreach programs, Public Relations, Publications, Photo Documentation, Summer Holiday Programs, Memorial Lectures, Museum Concerts, Photo Unit, Modeling Unit, Library, Conservation Laboratory and Teaching and Workshop.

Center for Cultural Resources and Training ( CCRT ) :

  • It is one of the premier institutions working in the field of linking education with culture. The Centre was set up in May 1979 as an autonomous organization by the Government of India. Today it operates under the administrative control of Ministry of Culture, Government of India. With headquarters in New Delhi, it has two regional centres at Udaipur and Hyderabad.

National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology :

  • It is an autonomous organization fully funded by the Ministry of Culture. It was established and declared a Deemed to be University in 1989 in New Delhi. This is the only Museum University in India.

Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Leh Ladakh ( CIBS ) :

  • Formerly known as the ‘School of Buddhist Philosophy’, it was established at the behest of late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the year, 1959 with the active cooperation of Rev. Kushok Bakula Rinpoche.
  • In 1962, the Department of Culture, Government of India, undertook the task of financing the Institute. It was later on raised to the level of a degree and postgraduate Institute with its affiliation to Sampumanand Sanskrit University, Varanasi, UP The Institute is also having a branch school at Zanskar in Kargil district with a strength of 180 students from Class I to VIII.

JEE Main

Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.