Paramilitary and Reserved Forces

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Paramilitary and Reserved Forces :: Indian Defence | Ranks Commissioned Officers | Defence Production Undertakings | Defence Research India

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Indo – Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) :

  • It was established in 1962, after the Chinese attack.
  • It is basically employed in the Northern borders for monitoring the borders and also to stop smuggling and illegal immigration.

National Security Guards (NSG) :

  • It was established is 1984.
  • It has been established to counter the surge of militancy in the country.
  • It is a highly trained force which deals with the militants effectively.

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) :

  • It was set-up in 1969 after the recommendations of Justice B. Mukherji.
  • Its objective is to monitor the industrial complexes of Central Government.

Assam Rifles :

  • It was established in 1835 and is the oldest paramilitary force in the country.
  • Its main objective is to keep vigilance of international borders in North East and countering insurgency operations in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.

Border Security Force (BSF) :

  • It was established in 1965.
  • It keeps a vigil over the international borders against the intrusion in the country.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) :

  • It was set-up in 1939.
  • Its main objective is to assist the State / Union Territory Police in maintenance of law and order.
  • The 88th Battalion of CRPF, known as ‘Mahila Battalion’ (commissioned on March 30, 1986) is the world’s first paramilitary force comprising entirely of women.

National Cadet Corps (NCC) :

  • It was established in 1948.
  • Its main objective is to stimulate interest among the youth in the defence of the country in order to build up a reserve man power to expand armed forces.

Territorial Army (TA) :

  • It was established in 1948.
  • It is a voluntary, part – time force (between 18 and 35 years), not professional soldiers, but civilians, who wish to assist in defence of the country.

Home Guards :

  • It was established in 1962, to assist the police in maintaining security, to help defence forces and to help local authorities in case of any eventuality.

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Coast Guard :

  • It was set – up in 1978.
  • Its objective is to protect the maritime and other national interests in the maritime zones of India.

Intelligence Bureau (IB) :

  • It was set-up in 1920.
  • Its objective is the collect secret information relating to country’s security.
  • It was originally set – up as Central Special Branch (CSB) in 1987 and renamed IB in 1920.

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) :

  • It was established in 1953.
  • Its objective is to investigate cases of misconduct by public servants, cases of cheating, embezzlement and fraud.
  • CBI is also entrusted with the investigation of international crime cases in collaboration with INTERPOL.

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) :

  • It was established in 1986.
  • Its objective is to collect crime statistics at the national level, information of inter – state and international criminals to help investigation agencies.

Rapid Action Force (RAF) :

  • It was established in 1992.
  • Under the operational command of CRPF.
  • 10 battalions of the CRPF have been reoriented for tackling communal riots in the country.

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