Prime Ministers in India

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Prime Ministers of India

The Prime Minister of India, as addressed to in the Constitution of India, is the chief of government, chief advisor to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in parliament. The prime minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India.

The prime minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system.

The prime minister is appointed by the president to assist the latter in the administration of the Real executive authority.

Gets the same salary as other MPs’. [ In addition, he gets some other allowances ].

He is the ex – officio Chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council and Inter – state Council.

Prime Minister Powers

  • The President convenes and prorogues all sessions of Parliament in consultation with him.
  • Can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha before expiry.
  • Appoints the Council of ministers.
  • Allocates portfolios. Can ask a minister to resign & can get him dismissed by President.
  • Assists the President in appointment of all high officials.
  • Can recommend to the President to declare emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion.
  • Advises President about President’s Rule in the state or emergency due to financial instability.
  • Leader of the House.

List of Prime Ministers in India

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Council of Ministers in India

The President has to act in accordance with the advice of Council of ministers.

In this, 3 types of ministers are there :

  • Minister of Cabinet Rank : Real policy makers. The cabinet meetings are not attended by other ministers.
  • Minister of State : Can either hold independent charge or attached to a cabinet minister.
  • Deputy Ministers : Do not hold separate charge.

Collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.

It is a team & its members sink or swim together. ( Article 75 ). This is called ‘Collective Responsibility’.

A vote of no confidence against any Minister automatically leads to the resignation of the entire Council ( or its dismissal by the President ).

A person can remain a minister without being a member of the either house up to 6 months maximum.

A Minister who is a member of one House has a right to speak in and take part in the proceedings of the other House – though he has no right to vote in the House of which he is not a member.

According to Article 79, the Parliament consists of the President, the Council of States ( Rajya Sabha ) and the House of the People ( Lok Sabha ).

Though the President is not a member of either of the House, he is an integral part of it.

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