World’s Super Scientists – Bhatnagar

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His name : Embodiment of Shanti, a Virtue Bhatnagar

Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar (1894-1955) was a well-known Indian scientist.

Scientist SS Bhatnagar was born in Shahpur, now in Pakistan (originally in undivided India at the time of British rule).

As a boy, Scientist Bhatnagar used to play with mechanical toys (one trade name MECHANO), mechanical gadgets, electronic batteries, string telephones. His Urdu one-act play Karamati won the first prize in a competition.

  • Scientist Bhatnagar field of interest was Chemistry – did his Master’s Degree in India.
  • 1921 Scientist Bhatnagar received D.Sc. from the University of London. After return to India, awarded a professorship in Benares Hindu University.
  • 1941 Knighted by the British Government, as a reward for his research in science.
  • 1943 elected Fellow of the Royal Society.
  • Scientist Bhatnagar research interest topics : emulsions, colloids, industrial   chemistry,   magneto-chemistry. Scientist Bhatnagar usedmagnetism as a tool to know more about chemical reactions.
  • Bhatnagar-Mathur interference balance designed by him and a physicist R.N. Mathur – this was later manufactured and marketed by a British firm.

A feather in Scientist Bhatnagar’s cap

Scientist Bhatnagar composed a melodious Kulgeet (university song) which used to be sung with great reverence on occasions and functions in the university.

  • 1947 Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a great proponent of scientific research and development. Soon after India’s independence, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was set up in New Delhi under the chairmanship of Dr. S.S. Bhatnagar. He became its first Director-General. He came to be known as “the Father of Research Laboratories” in India.
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  • Scientist Bhatnagar established twelve National Laboratories across the length and breadth of India, some of which are mentioned below :
    1. Central Food Processing Technological Institute, Mysore.
    2. National Chemical Laboratory, Pune.
    3. The National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi.
    4. The National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur.
    5. The Central Fuel Institute, Dhanbad.
  • 1954 Padma Vibhushan Award conferred on him.
  • Honour to Scientist Bhatnagar’s Credit

    Posthumously, CSIR instituted the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for eminent scientists, in his honour.


    Though dead, he is alive in his Award.

    Satya swaroopa Sarveswaraha

    God is Truth

    – Gandhiji

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