KLE BA LLB Syllabus

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Course VI : Economics I : Economic Theory

Unit I : What is Economics? Definitions of Economics Nature and Scope of Economics Central Problems of an economy, production possibility curve and Opportunity cost.

Unit II : Consumer behaviour and demand A ) Consumer’s Equilibrium – meaning and attainment of equilibrium through utility approach : Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility, Indifference Curve Analysis B ) Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, Demand curve. C ) Movement along and shifts in demand curve. D ) Elasticity of demand Producer behaviour and law of supply – Supply Schedule and Supply Curve.

Unit III : Laws of returns – Increasing, Constant and Diminishing Production Function Different Facets of Costs & Revenues of Production.

Unit IV : Forms of Markets / Competition Perfect Competition Different Forms of Imperfect Competition

Unit V : Introductory macro economics National Income and Related Aggregates Measurement of National Income : Expenditure Method, National Disposable Income ( Gross and Net ), Private Income, Personal Income and personal Disposable Income Determination of income and employment Aggregate demand, Aggregate supply and their components Propensity to Save and Propensity to Consume Determination of Income and Employment Keynesian Theory

Semester III : Course I : History I : Indian History :

Unit I : Ancient Indian Cultural Heritage, Social, Political, Legal and in the area of Religion and Philosophy. ( The teacher is expected to give special emphasis on study of village republics in ancient India, the organization of Central Government in Ancient India, experiment of decentralization. )

Unit II : Law givers and dispute resolution systems in ancient India ( Administration of justice in ancient India – Pre – Islamic Period. Law relating to culture – The advent of Islam, interaction between Ancient Indian cultural heritage and Islamic culture and the emergence of synthetic Indian culture.

Unit III : Innovation by rulers of medieval period in the area of General and Revenue Administration, District Administration, Court Systems – Indian contact with the Europeans.

Unit IV : Socio – religious reform movement in Modern India and its legal culture – Economic history of India during British period – Impact of the British rule on India.

Unit V : Impact of European culture and liberal thought on India – The Indian National Movement – The history of freedom struggle in India up to 1947. ( The teacher is expected to give emphasis of different stages of Freedom movement. )

Course II : Political Science III : International Relations :

Unit I : 1. Nationality – definition and meaning; elements that help develop nationality. 2. Nationalism – definition, meaning brief history ( W. & E. ), features, merits and demerits. 3. State, Nation, Nationality – mono – national and Multistates. 4. Internationalism – Philosophy, reasons for growth, a brief history and scope. International relations and international relations and international politics. 5. National Power – meaning, major sources and elements ( Geography, population, Natural resources, food, raw materials, Scientific development; technology; Indus – Capacity ) military preparedness, National character, morale leadership and quality of government Limitations of national power – A ) International morality B ) International Public opinion C ) International law – definition, scope, sources and limitations, codification, D ) War – meaning, causes, advantages and disadvantages; Earlier and modern Warfare – compared. E ) Economic Interdependence.

Unit II : Diplomacy – an instrument of national policydefinition and importance, a brief history, types of diplomacy, functions, organisation and protocol, privileges and immunities of diplomats Subversion, propaganda and Terrorism. Peaceful change A ) Balance of power – Meaning, Characteristics, Devices and instruments, Balance of power in the modern world. B ) Collective Security – Meaning, principles, features, problems, conditions for success, NATO, SEATO. C ) Alliances D ) Disarmament History, problems, success and failures example.

Unit III : Instruments of peaceful change – A ) Negotiation B ) Mediation C ) Arbitration D ) conciliation and e ) Judicial settlement. ( Each is to be defined, its features, highlighted, its limitations explained with suitable examples. Each instrument has to be compared and contrasted with the other ).

Unit IV : International Organisation A ) League of Nations – history, formation and causes for failure B ) UNO – formation, preamble, character, aims, members, principal organs, ECOSOC and specialised agencies – IBRD, IMF, WHO, UNICEF, ILO, UNESCO, Achievements of the UNO – failures, C ) Common Wealth of Nations – Brief history, aims, members, organisation and working.

Unit V : Major areas of conflict – East, West, North, South – a Special emphasis on migration, balance of payment, international trade. Regional Organisations – Arab League, OAU, OAS, EC, CMEA ( Comecon ) – A brief sketch , SAARC – formation, aims, organisation and working – a special reference to India’s contribution.

Course III : Economics II : Indian Economy :

Unit I : Economic Development and Growth Meaning of Economic Development and Growth Indicators of Economic Development Indicators of Economic Growth Obstacles to development and growth Vicious Circle of Poverty Population Explosion Low Productivity of Agriculture Scarcity of Capital Inappropriate Technology Socio – Cultural Obstacles Political and Administrative Obstacles External Bottlenecks Characteristics of Indian Economy.

Unit II : Trade Union Movement in India.

Unit III : Planning in India Progress under Five Year Plans

Unit IV : Problems and Prospects of Indian Agriculture – Green Revolution Indian Agriculture and WTO.

Unit V : Problems and Prospects of Indian Industry – Large, Medium and Small Labor and Trade Union Movement in India.

Course IV : Constitution

Unit I : Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights.

Unit II : Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, Parliamentary Government, Bicameralism, Legislative Process, Privileges, Council of Ministers, President of India, Governor.

Unit III : Judicial process under the Constitution, Nature of Judicial Review, Judicial Review – Arts.32, 226 and 227, Court system in India, Judges – Appointments, conditions of service, etc., Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, Public Interest Litigation, Activism v. Restraint.

Unit IV : Federalism, Center – State Relations, Freedom of Inter State Trade, Methods of Constitutional Amendment, Limitation on Constitutional Amendment.

Unit V : Emergency provisions, Services under the State, State Liability.
Semester IV : Course I : Economics III : Development Economics :

Unit I : Theories of Economic Development Classical Theories – Adam Smith, Ricardo and Malthus Karl Marx’s Theory of Economic Development Shumpeterian Theory of Economic Development

Unit II : Money and Banking Money – Meaning, evolution and functions Central Bank – Meaning and Functions Role of Reserve Bank of India Commercial Banks – Meaning and Functions.

Unit III : WTO and its Effects on Indian Industry and Agriculture WTO Basic History WTO Evolution and Functions WTO Implications for India Role of IMF and World Bank fostering the Development of Less Developed Economies

Unit IV : Government Budget and Economy : Government Budget – Meaning and its components Objectives of Government budget Classification of receipt – revenue and Capital : Classification of expenditure – revenue and capital, plan and non – plan, Developmental and non – developmental. Different forms of Budgetary Deficits Deficit Financing

Unit V : Business Cycles : Meaning of Business Cycles, Phases of Business Cycles, Types of Business Cycles, Theories of Business Cycles and Control of Business Cycles

Course II : History II : Legal History :

Unit I : Administration of justice in the Presidency Towns ( 1600 – 1773 ) and the development of Courts and Judical Institutions under the East India Company. Warren Hastings Plan of 1772 and the Adalat system of Courts – Reforms made under the plan of 1774 and re – organisation in 1980. Regulating Act – 1773 – Supreme Court at Calcutta – Its composition, power and functions – Failure of the Act of 1781 – Supreme Court vis – à – vis Mofussil Courts.

Unit II : Judicial measures of Cornwallis 1787, 1793 progress of Adalat system, under Sir John Shore – Conflicts arising out of the Dual Judicial System – Tendency for amalgamation of the two systems of Courts – The Indian High Courts Act, 1861 – The Government of India Act, 1935 – High Courts under the Government of India Act, 1935 – High Courts under the Indian Constitution – Development of Rule of Law – Separation of powers – Independence of Judiciary. Judicial Committee of Privy Council as a Court of Appeal and its jurisdiction to hear appeals from Indian decisions – Abolition of the Jurisdiction of the Privy Council to hear appeals from India – Court system generally under the Constitution of India.

Unit III : Legislative authority of the East India Company under the Charter of Queen Elizabeth I, 1601 – ( Changes under Regulating Act, 1773 – Act of 1781 – Recognition of the powers of the Governor and Council to make regulations by the British Parliament. ) Act of 1813 and the extension of the legislative power conferred on all the three councils and subjection of the same to greater control. Act of 1933 – Establishment of a legislature of an all India Character in 1834 – The Indian Council Act, 1861 – Central Legislative Council : its composition, powers and functions – powers conferred on the Governor. Government of India Act of 1909 – Government of India Act, 1919 – Setting up of bicameral system of Legislature at the centre in place of the Imperial consisting of one House,

Unit IV : Government of India Act, 1935 – The Federal Assembly and the Council of States : its composition, powers and functions, legislative assemblies in the provinces and the powers and functions – Legislative Councils in the provinces, power and functions. Law Reforms and the Law Commissions. Legal Profession in Pre – British India : Rules, Training and functions – Law practitioners in the Mayor’s courts established under the Charter of 1726 – Organisation of legal profession under the Charter of 1774 – Legal Profession in Company’s Court.

Unit V : Provision for Enrolment of Advocates – vakils and attorneys under Legal Practitioner’s Act, 1853. High Courts under the Act of 1861 and provision for the enrolment of the Advocates under the letters patent issued. Legal Practitioners Act, 1879 – Report of the Indian Bar Committee, 1923. The Indian Bar Councils Act, 1926 – The All India Bar Committee, 1951. The Advocates Act, 1961. The development of Legal Education – History of Law Reporting in India.

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