Dr DY Patil Kolhapur AICET Biology Syllabus

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Dr Dy Patil Biology Syllabus 2020

Dr DY Patil AICET 2020 Botany Syllabus

Unit 1 : Diversity in Living World

Diversity in organisms

  • Diversity in living organisms – Brief idea.
  • Systematic and binomial system of nomenclature – meaning of the terms taxonomy, systematics, classification and nomenclature, Need of classification. Three domains of life, Concept of species. Taxonomic hierarchy with examples. Binomial nomenclature explanation, significance and examples.
  • Classification of living organisms ( five Kingdom classification ) – Major groups and principles of classification for each Kingdom with examples.
  • Lichens – Meaning, characters, examples and importance.
  •  Viruses and viroids – Definitions, characters, types with examples, Economic importance and list of viral diseases.

Kingdom Plantae

  • Salient features of major plant groups – Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms( Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons ). Three to five salient features and two examples of each category.

Unit 2 : Structure and function of cell

  • Basic chemical constituents of living bodies.
  • Structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids in brief.
  • Enzymes – Definition, Types, general properties, Enzyme action and factors affecting enzyme activity in brief.

Cell Division

  • Cell cycle
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis

Unit 3 : Structural organization in plants

Morphology of Plants

  • Morphology, anatomy and functions of different parts – Roots, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed.
  • Plant tissues.

Unit 4 : Plant Physiology 

Plant Water Relation and Mineral Nutrition :

  • Movement of water, food, nutrients and gases. – Absorption of water and minerals, Apoplast and Symplast Pathways. Active and passive absorption in brief.
  • Guttation Ascent of sap, root pressure concept and cohesion – tension theory. transpiration – structure of stomata, mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, Role of Klons.
  • Role of water and minerals – macronutrients and micronutrients and their role. Mineral deficiency symptoms, Mineral toxicity, Elementary idea of Hydroponics, Nitrogen Metabolism ( nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation ).

Plant Growth and Development :

  • Seed dormancy. Germination – Hypogeal, epigeal and viviparous. Definition and characteristics of growth, Phases of growth, Conditions of growth, Differentiation, de – differentiation, redifferentiation. Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell Growth regulators – auxins, gibberellins, cytokinines, ethylene and bscissic acid ( role in brief ) Photoperiodism. Vernalization.

Unit 5 : Genetics and Evolution

1. Genetic Basis of Inheritance :

  • Mendelian inheritance. Deviations from Mendelian ratio

2. Gene : its nature, expression and regulation :

  • Modern concept of gene in brief – cistron, muton and recon. DNAas genetic material, structure of DNAas given by Vatson and Cricks model, DNA Packaging, semi conservative replication of eukaryotic DNA. RNA : General Structure types and functions. Protein Synthesis; central dogma, Transcription; Translation – Genetic Code.

Unit 6 : Biotechnology and its application

  • Biotechnology : Process and Application
  • Genetic engineering ( Recombinant DNA technology ) : Transposons, Plasmids, Bacteriophages; Biosafety isues.

Unit 7 : Biology and Human Welfare
Enhancementin Food Production :

  • Plant Breeding – Tissue Culture : Concept of Cellular Totipotency, Requirements of Tissue Culture, Callus Culture, Suspension Culture. Single Cell Protein.
  • Microbes in Human Welfare : Microbes in Biogas ( energy ) Production. Microbes as Biofertilizers.

Unit 8 : Plant Physiology

  • Photosynthesis : Photosynthetic Pigments and their role. Light – Dependent Reactions – Cyclic and non – cyclic photophosphorylation Light – Independent Reactions – C3 and C4 Pathways.
  • Respiration : ATP as currency of Energy Mechanism of Aerobic Respiration – Glycolysis, TCA Cycle and Electron Transport System ) and Mechanism of Anaerobic Respiration, Significance of Respiration.

Unit 9 : Reproduction in Organisms

  • Reproduction in Plants : Modes of Reproduction ( Asexual and Sexual ). Asexual reproduction; uniparental modes – vegetative propagation, micropropagation Sexual Reproduction : structure of flower Development of male gametophyte, Structure of anatropous ovule. Development of female Gametophyte. Pollination : Types and Agencies.
  • Double Fertilization : Process and Significance. Post – fertilization changes – development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit.

Unit 10 : Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and Environment – I
  • Deforestation

Dr DY Patil AICET 2020 Zoology Syllabus

Unit 1 : Diversity in Living World

Kingdom Animalia :

  • Salient features of major phyla under kingdomAnimalia. Classification offollowing phyla with three to five salientfeatures and two examples of each category : Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermataand Hemichordata. Classification of phylum chordata upto class level with three to five salientfeatures and two examples of each category : Urochordata, Cephalochordata, Cyclostomata, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes, Amphibia, Reptilia, Avesand Mammalia.
  • Zoological parks and Museums – General idea with list.

Unit 2 : Structure and function of cell

Organization of Cell :

  • Cell theory – brief account
  • Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell – structure and examples.
  • Plant cell and animal cell.
  • Nuclear organization – Nucleus, nucleolus and nucleoplasm.
  • Cell wall and cell membrane – ( fluid mosaic model ).
  • Cell organelles : Plastids, Mitochondria, Golgi complex, Lysosomes, Endoplasmic reticulum, Vacuoles, Ribosome and Centrioles ( ultrstructure and functions ).

Unit 3 : Structural organisation in Animals

Study of Animal Tissues

Animal tissues – types :

  • Epithelial tissues – simple epithelium ( squamous, cuboidal, columnar, Ciliated, glandular ). compound epithelium ( stratified and transitional ).
  • Connective tissue – ( Areolar, Adipose, Tendons, Ligaments, Cartilage and Bone ).
  •  Musculartissue – ( Smooth, striated and cardiac ).
  • Nervous tissue ( Neurons, glial cells and types of neurons ).

Study of Animal Type :

  • Morphology, anatomy and functions of digestive, circulatory nervous, systems of cockroach.

Unit 4 : Human Physiology

1. Human Nutrition :

  • Digestion, absorption and nutritional disorders
  • Digestive system in brief
  • Physiology of digestion
  • Absorption, assimilation

2. Human Respiration :

  • Breathing, respiration and common respiratory disorders : Respiratory organs in animals
  •  Respiratory system in brief
  • Breathing – inspiration and expiration
  • Exchange of gases, transport of C02 and 02 and tissue respiration.

3. Human skeleton and Locomotion :

Brief account of human skeleton :

  • Axial Skeleton
  • Appendicular Skeleton

Types of joints – synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses Types of diarthroses – ball and socket, hinge, condyloid, pivot, saddle and gliding joints.

Unit 5 : Genetics and Evolution

  • Origin and the Evolution of Life : Evolution : Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of evolution
  • Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance : The Chromosomal Theory. Chromosomes. Linkage and Crossing Over. Sex – linked Inheritance ( Haemophilia and colour blindness ). Sex Determination in Human being, Chromosomal disorders in human : Down’s syndrome, Turner’s syndrome and Klinfelter’s syndrome.

Unit 6 : Biotechnology and its application

  • Genetic Engineering and Genomics : DNA Finger Printing. Genomics and Human Genome Project.

Unit 7 : Biology and Human Welfare

  • Human Health and Diseases : Concepts of Immunology : Immunity Types, Structure of Antibody, Antigen – Antibody Complex, Antigens on blood cells, Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Cancer and AIDS Animal Husbandry : Fisheries.

Unit 8 : Human Physiology

  • Circulation : Blood composition and coagulation, Structure and pumping action of Heart. Blood Vessels. Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation. Heart beat and Pulse. Rhythmicity of Heart beat.
  • Excretion and osmoregulation : Modes of excretion – Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism. Excretory System Composition and formation of urine. Role of Kidney in Osmoregulation. Control and Co – ordination : Nervous System : Structure and functions of brain and Spinal cord, brief idea about PNS and ANS.
  • Transmission of nerve impulse. Reflex action. Sensory receptors Endocrine glands. Hormones and their functions Hormonal imbalance and diseases ( Dwarfism, Acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, Addison’s disease ).

Unit 9 : Reproduction in Organisms

  • Chapter 18 – Human Reproduction : Reproductive system in male and female. Histology of testis and ovary. Reproductive cycle. Production of gametes, fertilization, implantation. Embryo development up to three germinal layers.

Unit 10 : Ecology and Environment

  • Chapter 19 – Organisms and Environment – ll
  • Growth, birth rate and death rate, age Distribution, endangered organisms, national parks and sanctuaries.

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